Pseudomyrmex hesperius

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Pseudomyrmex hesperius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae
Genus: Pseudomyrmex
Species: P. hesperius
Binomial name
Pseudomyrmex hesperius
Ward, 1993

Pseudomyrmex hesperius casent0902908 p 1 high.jpg

Pseudomyrmex hesperius casent0902908 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Although the type specimens of P. hesperius were collected from Acacia hindsii this species is not an obligate acacia inhabitant. The series from 14 km. south of Mazatlan was collected from dead branches of a woody plant, not Acacia (R. R. Snelling, pers. comm.). (as reported by Ward, 1993)

Identification

Ward (1993) - The salient features of P. hesperius are small size (HW < 0.72), reduced mandibular dentition and palp formula, short truncate median clypeal lobe, short eyes (especially obvious in lateral view, such that OI > 0.60), short apedunculate petiole with a broad attachment to the propodeum (PWI3 0.60), punctulate head sculpture, sublucid integument, and short standing pilosity. Some of these traits are shared with two other Mesoamerican Pseudomyrmex, Pseudomyrmex fervidus (F. Smith) and a related undescribed species, but both of these are larger (HW > 0.70), with standing pilosity which is longer and more extensive (present on the outer faces of the tibiae).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Mexico (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • hesperius. Pseudomyrmex hesperius Ward, 1993: 157, fig. 4 (w.) MEXICO.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Worker measurements (n=6). —HL 0.78-0.85, HW 0.65-0.69, MFC 0.028-0.043, CI 0.79-0.83, REL 0.43-0.46, REL2 0.54-0.57, OOI 0.86-1.15, VI 0.75-0.82, FCI 0.043-0.062, SI 0.48-0.51, SI2 0.87-0.93, PI 0.41-0.45, PDI 0.84-0.95, MPI 0.053-0.066, NI 0.54-0.59, PLI 0.73-0.77, PWI 0.63-0.70, PPWI 1.41-1.56.

Small species (see above measurements) with elongate, subrectangular head and short eyes (REL 0.43-0.46, OI 0.61-0.65). Masticatory margin of mandible with five teeth, the fourth tooth (counting from the apex) separated by a gap of ca. 0.05 mm from the apicobasal tooth; MD8/MD9 0.70; third and fourth teeth small, contrasting with the large subapical and apical teeth (the latter ca. 0.032 and 0.055 mm in length, respectively); mesial tooth on basal margin situated slightly closer to apicobasal tooth than to proximal tooth (MD4/MD5 0.65); palp formula 5,3; median clypeal lobe short, its anterior margin straight to weakly convex, sharply rounded laterally; minimum distance between frontal carinae subequal to or less than basal scape width; frontal carinae diverging anteriorly and fusing with the antennal sclerites; pronotum laterally rounded, without humeral angles; in lateral profile the mesonotum and basal face of propodeum slightly inclined anteriorly, separated by a well developed metanotal groove; basal face of prop ode urn rounding into the longer declivitous face, the latter somewhat concave in profile; petiole short, apedunculate, with a prominent triangular anteroventral tooth; in dorsal view petiole very broad anteriorly (PWI3 0.59-0.62); postpetiole broader than long, its anteroventral process small and inconspicuous. Mandibles finely striate; head punctulate on a smooth shining background, punctulae separated by one to several diameters on upper half of head, becoming denser towards the clypeus; mesosoma sublucid, with weak punctulate-coriarious sculpture; petiole, postpetiole and gaster shining, with very fine piligerous punctures. Standing pilosity common but short (< 0.10 mm) on most parts of body, lacking on outer faces of tibiae. Appressed pubescence widely distributed, moderately dense on abdominal tergite IV. Dark brown; mandibles, appendages and fronto-clypeal complex tending towards a lighter brown.

Type Material

Holotype worker. MEXICO Sinaloa: 15.9 mi. NE Concordia, Hwy. 40, 600m, 9.vi.1967, D. H. Janzen XVIII, ex Acacia hindsii (Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History). HW 0.66, HL 0.83, EL 0.36, PL 0.34, PH 0.26.

Paratypes. Same data as holotype: series of 11 workers (The Natural History Museum, LACM, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Philip S. Ward Collection, National Museum of Natural History).

References

  • Ward, P. S. 1993. Systematic studies on Pseudomyrmex acacia-ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Pseudomyrmecinae). J. Hym. Res. 2: 117-168 (page 157, fig. 4 worker described)