Pseudomyrmex janzeni

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Pseudomyrmex janzeni
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae
Genus: Pseudomyrmex
Species group: ferrugineus
Species: P. janzeni
Binomial name
Pseudomyrmex janzeni
Ward, 1993

Pseudomyrmex janzeni casent0005787 profile 1.jpg

Pseudomyrmex janzeni casent0005787 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Colonies occupy Acacia hindsii and are polygynous; additional details of the life history can be found in Janzen's (1973) paper on polygynous acacia-ants.

Identification

Ward (1993) - Within the P. ferrugineus group P. janzeni can be characterized by its relatively small size (worker and queen HW < 1 .04), broad head (worker CI > 0.86), laterally rounded median clypeal lobe, and uniform orange-brown color. P. janzeni is evidently closely related to Pseudomyrmex ferrugineus (as surmised by Janzen 1973); all of the metric measurements and indices of these two species overlap, although there is a tendency for P. janzeni workers to have shorter, higher petioles. Workers and queens of P. janzeni are perhaps best distinguished from those of P. ferrugineus by the combination of lighter orange-brown color, suberect gular pubescence (best seen in a backlit lateral view of the head), and the flatter profile of the worker mesosoma (see description above). While some individuals of the highly variable P. ferrugineus approach these conditions there is no indication of a convergence towards this morphology in western Mexico (Guerrero) where populations of P. ferrugineus come closest to those of P. janzeni.

Distribution

Western Mexico

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Mexico (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • janzeni. Pseudomyrmex janzeni Ward, 1993: 143, figs. 19, 29, 64, 70 (w.q.m.) MEXICO.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Worker measurements (n = 12). —HL 1.00-1.18, HW 0.93-1.03, MFC 0.063-0.096, CI 0.88-0.94, REL 0.4S-0.47, REL2 0.49-0.S2, OOI 1.45-2.29, VI 0.58-0.68, FCI 0.068-0.098, SI 0.42-0.4S, SI2 0.84-0.91, NI 0.62-0.69, PLI 0.59-0.71, PWI 0.63-0.73, PPWI 1.37-1.73.

Very similar to P. ferrugineus (q.v.) except as follows. Size smaller, on average. In lateral view mesonotum less steeply inclined; basal and declivitous faces of Propodeum forming a less obtuse angle. Petiole shorter and higher, on average. Weak rugulo-punctate sculpture on Propodeum even less evident than in P. ferrugineus. Pubescence denser, becoming decumbent to suberect on parts of body, most notably the gula. Head and mesosoma rather light orange-brown, gaster the same or a slightly darker brown.

Type Material

Holotype worker. MEXICO, Nayarit: 60 mi. SE Acaponeta, Hwy. I5, l5.ix.1963, D. H. Janzen (Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History). HW 1.00, HL 1.08, EL O.51, PL O.55, PH 0.36.

Paratypes. Same data as holotype: series of 1 66 workers, 62 queens and 45 males (American Museum of Natural History, The Natural History Museum, California Academy of Sciences, Estacion de Biologia Chamela, Graham B. Fairchild Museo de Invertebrados, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, LACM, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Philip S. Ward Collection, University of California, Davis, National Museum of Natural History).

References