Pseudomyrmex mixtecus

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Pseudomyrmex mixtecus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae
Genus: Pseudomyrmex
Species group: ferrugineus
Species: P. mixtecus
Binomial name
Pseudomyrmex mixtecus
Ward, 1993

Pseudomyrmex mixtecus casent0005788 profile 1.jpg

Pseudomyrmex mixtecus casent0005788 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Colonies have been collected from Acacia hindsii and A. collinsii, but little more has been recorded about their biology. Janzen's field notes indicate that this species is monogynous. (Ward 1993)

Identification

Ward (1993) - P. mixtecus is distinguished from all other species, except Pseudomyrmex veneficus and Pseudomyrmex flavicornis, by its laterally rounded median clypeal lobe, broad head, and black (or very dark brown) body. It differs from P. veneficus by the fully opaque head, absence of conspicuous suberect pubescence on the petiole, and larger size. P. mixtecus is evidently closely related to P. flavicornis but averages smaller in size (compare worker HW and LHT values), a difference which is absolute in queens (queen HW 0.96-1.01 (n=8), whereas queen HW > 1.11 in P.flavicornis). In addition the petiole is relatively longer and higher, for a given head width, in both workers and queens of P. mixtecus.

Distribution

Known only from the Mexican states of Guerrero and Oaxaca.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Mexico (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • mixtecus. Pseudomyrmex mixtecus Ward, 1993: 144, figs. 15, 26, 55, 61, 69 (w.q.m.) MEXICO.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Worker measurements (n=13). —HL 0.94-1.19, HW 0.89-1.03, MFC 0.054-0.073, CI 0.86-0.95, REL 0.42-0.47, REL2 0.46-0.52 OOI 1.22-2.28, VI 0.61-0.73, FCI 0.056-0.073, SI 0.43-0.45, SI2 0.86-0.97, NI 0.60-0.65, PLI 0.60-0.68, PWI 0.60-0.68, PPWI 1.40-1.73.

Similar to P. ferrugineus (q.v.) except as follows. Size smaller (HW < 1.04, LHT < 0.90), head broad (CI > 0.85); frontal carinae separated by about basal scape width or less (FCI2 0.45-0.54). Basal and declivitous faces of propodeum forming a less obtuse angle in profile than typical for P. ferrugineus. Head densely punctulate, opaque. Standing pilosity rather common, usually some setae exceeding 0.12 mm and 0.20 mm in length on mesosoma dorsum and petiole, respectively. Pubescence dense but appressed. Very dark brown to black, appendages lighter.

Type Material

Holotype worker. MEXICO, Guerrero: 25.4 mi. S. Chilpancingo, 10.viii.1966, D. H. Janzen #M008810966 (LACM). HW 0.97, HL 1.07, EL 0.48, PL 0.55, PH 0.35.

Paratypes. Same data as holotype, and three other accession numbers (M007810966, M009810966, M010810966) with same locality, date, and collector: series of 43 workers, 34 queens and 17 males (American Museum of Natural History, The Natural History Museum, California Academy of Sciences, Estacion de Biologia Chamela, Graham B. Fairchild Museo de Invertebrados, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Philip S. Ward Collection, University of California, Davis, National Museum of Natural History).

References