Pseudomyrmex particeps

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Pseudomyrmex particeps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae
Genus: Pseudomyrmex
Species group: ferrugineus
Species: P. particeps
Binomial name
Pseudomyrmex particeps
Ward, 1993

Pseudomyrmex particeps casent0005796 profile 1.jpg

Pseudomyrmex particeps casent0005796 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Appears to be associated exclusively with Acacia allenii, a forest species.

Identification

Ward (1993) - P. particeps is obviously a very close relative of the allopatric Pseudomyrmex nigrocinctus, but there are consistent differences between the two in eye size and color which exceed the limits of variation seen throughout the much wider range of P. nigrocinctus. Workers in the type series of P. particeps also have more elongate heads than those of P. nigrocinctus but this distinction is not seen in other samples. Differences between queens of the two species are more striking with the two known queens of P. particeps having more elongate heads (CI 0.61, compared with 0.67-0.72 in a sample of 13 P. nigrocinctus queens) and longer metatibiae relative to head width (LHT/HW 1.12 versus 0.97-1.07 in P. nigrocinctus). Additional alates of P. particeps are needed to confirm these differences and the apparent distinctions in male genitalia (see male key).

Distribution

A rare species known only from the Osa Peninsula and one adjacent locality, in Costa Rica.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • particeps. Pseudomyrmex particeps Ward, 1993: 146, figs. 14, 23, 54, 57, 72 (w.q.m.) COSTA RICA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

measurements (n=12). —HL 0.93-1.10, HW 0.77-0.83, MFC 0.037-0.050, CI 0.75-0.84, REL 0.44-0.48, REL2 0.55-0.60, OOI 1.47-1.96, VI 0.65-0.75, FCI 0.048-0.062, SI 0.45-0.49, SI2 0.78-0.83, NI 0.53-0.62, PLI 0.58-0.66, PWI 0.55-0.60, PPWI 1.03-1.26.

Very similar to Pseudomyrmex nigrocinctus (q.v.) except as follows. Eyes longer(REL2 0.55-0.60, EL/LHT 0.59-0.64). Front of head more strongly shining. Medium to dark brown; gaster uniformly dark brown or black; mandibles, fronto-clypeal complex, and appendages lighter brown.

Type Material

Holotype worker. —COST A RICA, Puntarenas: Rincon, Peninsula Osa, 3.iii.1965, D.H. Janzen #III (Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History). HW 0.83, HL 1.10, EL 0.50, PL 0.50, PH 0.31.

Paratypes. —Same data as holotype: series of 82 workers, 14 males, one queen (American Museum of Natural History, The Natural History Museum, California Academy of Sciences, Graham B. Fairchild Museo de Invertebrados, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, John T. Longino Collection, LACM, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Philip S. Ward Collection, University of California, Davis, National Museum of Natural History).

References