Pseudomyrmex rubiginosus

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Pseudomyrmex rubiginosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae
Genus: Pseudomyrmex
Species: P. rubiginosus
Binomial name
Pseudomyrmex rubiginosus
(Stitz, 1913)

Pseudomyrmex rubiginosus casent0915517 p 1 high.jpg

Pseudomyrmex rubiginosus casent0915517 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

The type specimens were collected from Triplaris, and there are additional records of colonies inhabiting Triplaris, Pleurothyrium poeppigii Nees, Gustavia, Ocotea, and Tachigali cf. formicarum. It is the only Pseudomyrmex plant-ant that has been found inhabiting both Triplaris and Tachigali. (Ward 1999)

Identification

Ward (1999) - P. rubiginosus can be recognized by the bicoloured body and by the somewhat angular profile to the worker propodeum and petiole, although there is some variation in the shape of both these structures. Nevertheless, differentiated anterior and dorsal faces of the petiole can be discerned in lateral view, and the dorsal face rounds suddenly into the steep posterior face. Other useful identifying characteristics are the head shape (worker CI 0.84–0.91, queen CI ≈ 0.78), patterns of standing pilosity in the worker (see above), and relatively long petiole (worker PL/LHT 0.52–0.58, queen PL/LHT ≈ 0.70).

Distribution

Known from Brazil, Colombia and Peru.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Peru.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • rubiginosus. Pseudomyrma sericea var. rubiginosa Stitz, 1913: 211 (w.) BRAZIL. Combination in Pseudomyrmex: Kempf, 1972a: 223. Raised to species and senior synonym of huberi: Ward, 1999b: 525.
  • huberi. Pseudomyrma sericea var. huberi Santschi, 1922b: 346 (w.) BRAZIL. Combination in Pseudomyrmex: Kempf, 1972a: 223. Junior synonym of rubiginosus: Ward, 1999b: 525.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Ward (1999) - Measurements (n=10). HL 1.18–1.37, HW 1.01–1.19, MFC 0.035–0.046, LHT 0.77–0.95, CI 0.84–0.91, REL 0.56–0.61, REL2 0.65–0.69, FCI 0.03–0.04, FI 0.44–0.49, PLI 0.86–1.02, PWI 0.81–0.95.

A member of the sericeus group. Palp formula: variable (6,4 or 5,3). Frontal carinae relatively well separated; head only moderately elongate, sides weakly convex; posterior margin of head concave, in frontal view. Profemur moderately broad; legs relatively short (LHT/HL 0.65–0.71). Dorsal face of Propodeum subequal in length to declivitous face, and usually rounding rather suddenly into it; propodeal spiracle distant from basal (dorsal) face of propodeum. Petiole relatively long and broad, subtrapezoidal in profile, with weakly differentiated anterior and dorsal faces, and dorsal face rounding relatively suddenly into vertical posterior face. Anteroventral process moderately well developed, a triangular or rounded lobe, typically without a well-marked posteroventral tooth or angle (but exceptions occur). Standing pilosity sparse; a single pair of stout, paired golden setae rather consistently present on the propodeum at the junction of the basal and declivitous faces, on the petiole, and on the postpetiole; pilosity more variable on the pronotum (1–2 pairs) and mesonotum (0–1 pair); occasionally additional short hairs present on these surfaces. Bicoloured, with head mostly dark grey-brown, gaster medium-brown, and remainder of body, including mandibles, antennae, frontoclypeal complex and legs, dusky yellow- or orange-brown; variable amounts of infuscation on the mesosoma (especially posteriorly), petiole, postpetiole and legs.

Type Material

Ward (1999) - Syntype workers, “Brasilien” [Alto Acre, Brazil] (Ule) (Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna) [Examined].

Pseudomyrma sericea var. huberi. Syntype workers, Rio Puru[s], Amazonas, Brazil (Huber) (Naturhistorisches Museum Basel) [Examined].

References

  • Kempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da regia~o Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15: 3-344 (page 223, Combination in Pseudomyrmex)
  • Stitz, H. 1913. Ameisen aus Brasilien, gesammelt von Ule. (Hym.). Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1913: 207-212 (page 211, worker described)
  • Ward, P. S. 1999b. Systematics, biogeography and host plant associations of the Pseudomyrmex viduus group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Triplaris- and Tachigali-inhabiting ants. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 126: 451-540 (page 499, Raised to species and senior synonym of huberi)