Pseudoneoponera bispinosa

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Pseudoneoponera bispinosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Pseudoneoponera
Species: P. bispinosa
Binomial name
Pseudoneoponera bispinosa
(Smith, F., 1858)

Pachycondyla bispinosa casent0902480 p 1 high.jpg

Pachycondyla bispinosa casent0902480 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India (type locality).
Palaearctic Region: China.

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • bispinosa. Pachycondyla bispinosa Smith, F. 1858b: 107 (w.) INDIA. [Note: not Australia as originally indicated; see Forel, 1886d: 246; Forel, 1900d: 326; Bingham, 1903: 97.] Combination in Bothroponera: Emery, 1889b: 495; Bingham, 1903: 97; in Pachycondyla (Bothroponera): Emery, 1901a: 45; in Bothroponera: Joma & Mackay, 2013: 2; in Pseudoneoponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 135. Junior synonym of rufipes: Forel, 1886d: 246. Revived from synonymy: Emery, 1889b: 495; Forel, 1900d: 326; Bingham, 1903: 97.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Holotype (presumed) worker in The Natural History Museum. Labelled “type. Sm. Coll. 79. 32.” No locality is given. In the original description Smith gives the type-locality as “Australia?.” There is thus no proof that this specimen is in fact the holotype. If the “79” refers to 1879, that would rule out this specimen.

Description

References

  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 97, Combination in Bothroponera; Revived from synonymy)
  • Emery, C. 1889c. Formiche di Birmania e del Tenasserim raccolte da Leonardo Fea (1885-87). [part]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 27[=(2)(7): 485-512 (page 495, Combination in Bothroponera)
  • Emery, C. 1889c. Formiche di Birmania e del Tenasserim raccolte da Leonardo Fea (1885-87). [part]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 27[=(2)(7): 485-512 (page 495, Revived from synonymy)
  • Forel, A. 1886d. Indian ants of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, No. 2. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal Part II Nat. Sci. 55: 239-249 (page 246, Junior synonym of rufipes)
  • Forel, A. 1900f. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part VII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 13: 303-332 (page 326, Revived from synonymy)
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa. 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 107, worker described)