Rhoptromyrmex

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Rhoptromyrmex
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Rhoptromyrmex
Mayr, 1901
Type species
Rhoptromyrmex globinodis, now Tetramorium globulinode

Rhoptromyrmex globulinodis casent0104916 profile 1.jpg

Rhoptromyrmex globulinodis casent0104916 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Tetramorium.

Morphology

Worker Morphology

 • Antennal segment count 11-12 • Antennal club 3 • Palp formula 4,2; 4-3,2; 3,2 • Total dental count 7-9 • Spur formula 1 simple, 1 simple; 0, 0 • Eyes present • Scrobes absent • Caste polymorphic in some species • Sting present

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • RHOPTROMYRMEX [junior synonym of Tetramorium]
    • Rhoptromyrmex Mayr, 1901b: 18. Type-species: Rhoptromyrmex globinodis, by subsequent designation of Wheeler, W.M. 1911f: 172.
    • Rhoptromyrmex senior synonym of Acidomyrmex: Brown, 1964c: 11.
    • Rhoptromyrmex senior synonym of Ireneella: Bolton, 1976: 298.
    • Rhoptromyrmex senior synonym of Hagioxenus: Bolton, 1986a: 2.
    • Rhoptromyrmex senior synonym of Tetramorium: Ward et al., 2014: 15.
  • ACIDOMYRMEX [junior synonym of Rhoptromyrmex]
    • Acidomyrmex Emery, 1915i: 191 [as subgenus of Rhoptromyrmex]. Type-species: Rhoptromyrmex wroughtonii, by original designation.
    • Acidomyrmex raised to genus: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 664, 672.
    • Acidomyrmex junior synonym of Rhoptromyrmex: Brown, 1964c: 11; Bolton, 1986a: 2.
  • HAGIOXENUS [junior synonym of Rhoptromyrmex]
    • Hagioxenus Forel, 1910a: 8. Type-species: Hagioxenus schmitzi, by monotypy.
    • Hagioxenus junior synonym of Rhoptromyrmex: Bolton, 1986a: 2.
  • IRENEELLA [junior synonym of Rhoptromyrmex]
    • Ireneella Donisthorpe, 1941i: 175. Type-species: Ireneella papuensis (junior synonym of Tetramorium melleum), by original designation.
    • Ireneella junior synonym of Rhoptromyrmex: Bolton, 1976: 298; Bolton, 1986a: 2.

References

  • Arnold, G. 1917. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part III. Myrmicinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 271-402 (page 351, Rhoptromyrmex in Myrmicinae, Tetramoriini)
  • Ashmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Can. Entomol. 37: 381-384 (page 383, Rhoptromyrmex in Myrmicinae, Stenammini)
  • Bolton, B. 1976. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Constituent genera, review of smaller genera and revision of Triglyphothrix Forel. Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 34: 281-379 (page 298, Rhoptromyrmex senior synonym of Ireneella, page 298, Revision of genus)
  • Bolton, B. 1986a. A taxonomic and biological review of the tetramoriine ant genus Rhoptromyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Syst. Entomol. 11: 1-17 (page 2, Rhoptormyrmex senior synonym of Hagioxenus)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 225, Rhoptromyrmex in Myrmicinae, Tetramoriini)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1964e. Genus Rhoptromyrmex, revision of, and key to species. Pilot Regist. Zool. Card No. 11. PDF (page 11, Revision of genus)
  • Emery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna Cl. Sci. Fis. (n.s.) 18: 29-42 (page 42, Rhoptromyrmex in Myrmicinae, Tetramoriini)
  • Emery, C. 1924f [1922]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C: 207-397 (page 289, Rhoptromyrmex in Myrmicinae, Tetramoriini)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 245, Rhoptromyrmex in Myrmicinae, Tetramoriini)
  • Mayr, G. 1901b. Südafrikanische Formiciden, gesammelt von Dr. Hans Brauns. Ann. K-K. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 16: 1-30 (page 18, Rhoptromyrmex as genus)
  • Ward, P.S., Brady, S.G., Fisher, B.L. & Schultz, T.R. 2014. The evolution of myrmicine ants: phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology, DOI: 10.1111/syen.12090.
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 141, Rhoptromyrmex in Myrmicinae, Tetramoriini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1911g. A list of the type species of the genera and subgenera of Formicidae. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 21: 157-175 (page 172, Type-species: Rhoptromyrmex globinodis, by subsequent designation)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 664, Rhoptromyrmex in Myrmicinae, Tetramoriini)