Rhytidoponera araneoides

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Rhytidoponera araneoides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ectatomminae
Tribe: Ectatommini
Genus: Rhytidoponera
Species: R. araneoides
Binomial name
Rhytidoponera araneoides
(Le Guillou, 1842)

Rhytidoponera-araneoides-MCZ001L.jpg

Rhytidoponera-araneoides-MCZ001D.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).
Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands (type locality).

Distribution based on specimens

Loading map...

The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Rhytidoponera araneoides for further details


Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • araneoides. Ponera araneoides Le Guillou, 1842: 317 (w.) SOLOMON IS. Combination in Ectatomma: Mayr, 1876: 92; in Rhytidoponera: Emery, 1897d: 548. Senior synonym of rugosa: Mayr, 1876: 92; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 454; of ceranensis, froggatti, impressinodis: Wilson, in Brown, 1958g: 202; Wilson, 1958d: 307; of arcuata: Brown, 1958g: 202.
  • rugosa. Ectatomma rugosa Smith, F. 1859a: 143 (w.m.) INDONESIA (Aru I.). Junior synonym of araneoides: Mayr, 1876: 92; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 454.
  • froggatti. Ectatomma (Rhytidoponera) froggatti Forel, 1910b: 10 (w.) SOLOMON IS. Mann, 1919: 286 (m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1952a: 127 (l.). Combination in Rhytidoponera: Emery, 1911d: 38. Junior synonym of araneoides: Wilson, in Brown, 1958g: 202; Wilson, 1958d: 307.
  • arcuata. Rhytidoponera araneoides var. arcuata Stitz, 1911a: 352 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of araneoides: Brown, 1958g: 202.
  • impressinodis. Rhytidoponera araneoides var. impressinodis Stitz, 1912: 498, fig. 2 (w.) INDONESIA (Seram I.). Junior synonym of araneoides: Wilson, in Brown, 1958g: 202; Wilson, 1958d: 307.
  • ceramensis. Rhytidoponera araneoides var. ceramensis Viehmeyer, 1914a: 112 (w.) INDONESIA (Seram I.). Junior synonym of araneoides: Wilson, in Brown, 1958g: 202; Wilson, 1958d: 307.

Type Material

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Ectatomma rugosa

One worker syntype in The Natural History Museum. Labelled “Aru 24” (= Aru I., New Guinea). The male syntype mentioned by Smith was not found.

A worker in Oxford University Museum of Natural History, glued to a card rectangle, has “Ponera rugosa Smith. Aru,” written on the underside of the card. This specimen also has a Donisthorpe type-label, “worker Ectatomma rugosa Smith, TYPE.” This specimen is not the type of rugosa, but is the holotype of Rhytidoponera wallacei Donisthorpe, as is indicated on a lower label.

Description

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1958g. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. II. Tribe Ectatommini (Hymenoptera). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 118: 173-362 (page 202, Senior synonym of ceranensis, froggatti and impressinodis)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1958g. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. II. Tribe Ectatommini (Hymenoptera). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 118: 173-362 (page 202, Senior synonym of arcuata)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1932c. On the identity of Smith's types of Formicidae (Hymenoptera) collected by Alfred Russell Wallace in the Malay Archipelago, with descriptions of two new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10(10): 441-476 (page 454, Senior synonym of rugosa)
  • Emery, C. 1897d. Viaggio di Lamberto Loria nella Papuasia orientale. XVIII. Formiche raccolte nella Nuova Guinea dal Dott. Lamberto Loria. [part]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 38[=(2(18): 546-576 (page 548, Combination in Rhytidoponera)
  • Le Guillou, E. J. F. 1842 [1841]. Catalogue raisonné des insectes hyménoptères recueillis dans le voyage de circumnavigation des corvettes l'Astrolabe et la Zélée. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 10: 311-324 (page 317, worker described)
  • Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. J. Mus. Godeffroy 12: 56-115 (page 92, Combination in Ectatomma)
  • Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. J. Mus. Godeffroy 12: 56-115 (page 92, Senior synonym of rugosa)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1958g. Studies on the ant fauna of Melanesia III. Rhytidoponera in western Melanesia and the Moluccas. IV. The tribe Ponerini. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 119: 303-371 (page 307, Senior synonym of ceranensis, froggatti and impressinodis)