Rotastruma stenoceps

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Rotastruma stenoceps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Rotastruma
Species: R. stenoceps
Binomial name
Rotastruma stenoceps
Bolton, 1991

Rotastruma stenoceps casent0106285 p 1 high.jpg

Rotastruma stenoceps casent0106285 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Very little is known of the ecology of Rotastruma. Luo & Guénard (2016) found a specimen of this species walking on a railing adjacent to a hiking trail at approximate 21:00 h. The surrounding area of the hiking trail is a monoculture plantation of the tree Lophostemon confertus Wilson & Waterh. Whether or not R. stenoceps is actually nocturnal is unknown at this point because the female may have performed a nuptial flight earlier in the day and could have been looking for a suitable location to start a colony.

Identification

The following will separate the two known species of this genus:

  • With head in full-face view the occipital margin conspicuously concave, the sides of the head convex. (Singapore; East Malaysia: Sarawak) . . . . . Rotastruma recava
  • With head in full-face view the occipital margin more or less transverse, the sides of the head approximately straight . . . . . Rotastruma stenoceps

Luo and Guénard (2016) - Queen This specimen is distinct from Rotastruma recava and is similar to R. stenoceps due to the following features: lack of concave occipital margin, sides of head with projecting hairs, relatively straight propodeal spines and propodeal spiracle near the metapleural gland bulla.

Distribution

Rotastruma stenoceps is known from Hong Kong and the following Chinese provinces: Guangdong, Hubei, Hunan and Yunnan (Luo & Guénard, 2016).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • stenoceps. Rotastruma stenoceps Bolton, 1991: 9, figs. 13, 15 (w.) CHINA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. TL 3.7, HL 0.82, HW 0.68, CI 83, SL 0.56, SI 82, PW 0.48, AL 0.92. Maximum diameter of eye 0.22 (0.32 x HW). Answering the description of Rotastruma recava but lacking its concave occipital margin. Sides of head behind eyes with projecting hairs in stenoceps but hairs absent in front of the occipital corners in recava. Propodeal spines of stenoceps shorter and less downcurved than in recava, and its propodeal spiracle closer to the apex of the metapleural gland bulla.

Queen

Luo and Guénard (2016) - HL 0.72 mm; HW 0.85 mm; MaL 0.41 mm; SL 0.59 mm; EL 0.25 mm; WL 1.21 mm; PNW 0.62 mm; PNH 0.48 mm; MW 0.56 mm; SPL 0.31 mm; PTL 0.61 mm; PTW 0.28 mm; PTH 0.31 mm; TL 4.33 mm; PPL 0.31 mm; PPW 0.28 mm; PPH 0.30 mm; CI 85; SI 81; MaI 56; PI 46; PPI 118

Head. In full face view, head rectangular in shape, slightly wider than long (CI 85). Poste¬rior margin of head straight and posterior corners of head rounded as in worker (see figure 15 in Bolton 1991). Sides of head straight and parallel. Eyes large, in the longest dimension with a dozen ommatidia. Median ocellus level with the poste¬rior margin of the compound eye. Frontal carinae extending to the occipital margin. Mandibles tri¬angular, masticatory region of mandibles with 6 teeth. Antenna with 12 segments and terminated with a 3-segmented club.

Mesosoma. In profile view, dorsum of mesono¬tum broadly rounded. Propodeal spiracle round and near the anterior margin of the metapleural gland bulla. Wing scars clearly visible. Propodeal spines slightly downcurved, almost straight, api¬cally acute, and marginally extending beyond the propodeal lobes. In dorsal view, mesosoma lon¬ger than wide, with anterior margin longer than the posterior margin.

Metasoma. In profile view, petiole penduncu¬late with an ill-defined node, postpetiole roughly square in shape. A small denticle is present on the ventral side of the penducle, located near the propodeum. In dorsal view, petiole rectangular in shape, and postpetiole trapzedoidal in shape, with anterior margin of postpetiole shorter than the posterior margin. No sting visible.

Sculpture. Cuticle thick, all surfaces except for the antenna, legs, penduncle and gaster sculp-tured. Frons with distinct parallel lines of sculp¬ture. In profile view, sides of mesosoma laterally costate. In dorsal view, scutum and scutellum lat¬erally costate, petiole and postpetiole rugose to rugose-reticulate. Ventral sides of peduncle con¬spicuously smooth First gastral tergite smooth, with some short basigastral costulae.

Pubescence. All dorsal surfaces of head, meso¬soma and metasoma with short sub-erect, api¬cally acute hairs, gold in colour. Antenna with abundant hair, oriented to the apex. Coxa, femur and tibia covered in short suberect hairs, oriented towards the tarsus. Subpostpetiolar process with a few thin erect hairs.

Colouration. Whole body a uniform golden-brown colour, mandibles slightly darker in colou-ration. Gaster darker, light-brown.

Type Material

Holotype worker, China: Guangdong, DingHu Mts, 60 km W. of Guangzhou, vi.1983 (Z. Boucek) (The Natural History Museum).

References