| Solenopsis papuana|
This species was found in Hawaiʻi in 1967 and is now widespread in mesic to wet forest ecosystems across at least several islands (Huddleston and Fluker, 1968; Gillespie and Reimer, 1993; Reimer, 1994). In these ecosystems S. papuana is generally rare on vegetation distant from the ground (Krushelnycky, 2015), but has occasionally been observed foraging up to a height of at least two meters on tree trunks. More commonly, it attains high densities and is most active in the soil and leaf litter (Ogura-Yamada and Krushelnycky, 2016, unpub. data). Krushelnycky et al (2017) performed a field experiment to determine potential effects of these ants on populations of picture wing flies. Suppression of S. papuana in field plots resulted in a 2.4-fold increase, on average, in the rate of successful development from egg to adult in the Hawaiian picture-winged Drosophila fly D. crucigera. Six species of endangered picture-winged Drosophila species occur or were historically collected in the Waiʻanae Mountains of Oʻahu in the same or similar habitats represented by the field sites, and were therefore considered potentially threatened by S. papuana.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Australasian Region: New Caledonia.
Indo-Australian Region: Fiji, Hawaii, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), New Guinea (type locality), Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna Islands.
Malagasy Region: Seychelles.
Check distribution from AntMaps.
Distribution based on specimens
Workers, queens and males have been described.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- papuana. Solenopsis papuana Emery, 1900c: 330 (w.q.) NEW GUINEA. Senior synonym of cleptis, dahlii, vitiensis: Wilson & Taylor, 1967: 60.
- dahlii. Solenopsis dahlii Forel, 1901b: 14 (w.q.m.) NEW GUINEA (Bismarck Archipelago). Junior synonym of papuana: Wilson & Taylor, 1967: 60.
- cleptis. Solenopsis cleptis Mann, 1919: 330 (w.) SOLOMON IS. Junior synonym of papuana: Wilson & Taylor, 1967: 60.
- vitiensis. Solenopsis cleptis var. vitiensis Mann, 1921: 444 (w.) FIJI IS. Junior synonym of papuana: Wilson & Taylor, 1967: 60.
- Emery, C. 1900c. Formicidarum species novae vel minus cognitae in collectione Musaei Nationalis Hungarici quas in Nova-Guinea, colonia germanica, collegit L. Biró. Publicatio secunda. Természetr. Füz. 23: 310-338 (page 330, worker, queen described)
- Forel, A. 1901c. Formiciden aus dem Bismarck-Archipel, auf Grundlage des von Prof. Dr. F. Dahl gesammelten Materials. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 2: 4-37
- Krushelnycky, P. D., C. S. Ogura-Yamada, K. M. Kanegawa, K. Y. Kaneshiro, and K. N. Magnacca. 2017. Quantifying the effects of an invasive thief ant on the reproductive success of rare Hawaiian picture-winged flies. Biological Conservation. 215:254-259. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2017.09.023
- Mann, W. M. 1919. The ants of the British Solomon Islands. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 63: 273-391
- Wilson, E. O.; Taylor, R. W. 1967b. The ants of Polynesia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pac. Insects Monogr. 14: 1-109 (page 60, Senior synonym of cleptis, dahlii and vitiensis)