Solenopsis papuana

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Solenopsis papuana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Solenopsis
Species: S. papuana
Binomial name
Solenopsis papuana
Emery, 1900

Solenopsis papuana casent0103246 profile 1.jpg

Solenopsis papuana casent0103246 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

This species was found in Hawaiʻi in 1967 and is now widespread in mesic to wet forest ecosystems across at least several islands (Huddleston and Fluker, 1968; Gillespie and Reimer, 1993; Reimer, 1994). In these ecosystems S. papuana is generally rare on vegetation distant from the ground (Krushelnycky, 2015), but has occasionally been observed foraging up to a height of at least two meters on tree trunks. More commonly, it attains high densities and is most active in the soil and leaf litter (Ogura-Yamada and Krushelnycky, 2016, unpub. data). Krushelnycky et al (2017) performed a field experiment to determine potential effects of these ants on populations of picture wing flies. Suppression of S. papuana in field plots resulted in a 2.4-fold increase, on average, in the rate of successful development from egg to adult in the Hawaiian picture-winged Drosophila fly D. crucigera. Six species of endangered picture-winged Drosophila species occur or were historically collected in the Waiʻanae Mountains of Oʻahu in the same or similar habitats represented by the field sites, and were therefore considered potentially threatened by S. papuana.

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: New Caledonia.
Indo-Australian Region: Fiji, Hawaii, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), New Guinea (type locality), Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna Islands.
Malagasy Region: Seychelles.

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Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Solenopsis papuana for further details

Biology

Castes

Worker

Workers, queens and males have been described.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • papuana. Solenopsis papuana Emery, 1900c: 330 (w.q.) NEW GUINEA. Senior synonym of cleptis, dahlii, vitiensis: Wilson & Taylor, 1967: 60.
  • dahlii. Solenopsis dahlii Forel, 1901b: 14 (w.q.m.) NEW GUINEA (Bismarck Archipelago). Junior synonym of papuana: Wilson & Taylor, 1967: 60.
  • cleptis. Solenopsis cleptis Mann, 1919: 330 (w.) SOLOMON IS. Junior synonym of papuana: Wilson & Taylor, 1967: 60.
  • vitiensis. Solenopsis cleptis var. vitiensis Mann, 1921: 444 (w.) FIJI IS. Junior synonym of papuana: Wilson & Taylor, 1967: 60.

Description

References