Sphecomyrma

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Sphecomyrma
Temporal range: Turonian, Late Cretaceous
Raritan (New Jersey) amber, New Jersey, United States
Sphecomyrma freyi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Sphecomyrminae
Tribe: Sphecomyrmini
Genus: Sphecomyrma
Wilson & Brown, 1967
Type species
Sphecomyrma freyi
Diversity
2 fossil species
(Species Checklist)

Identification

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • SPHECOMYRMA [†Sphecomyrminae: †Sphecomyrmini]
    • Sphecomyrma Wilson & Brown, in Wilson, Carpenter & Brown, 1967: 8. Type-species: †Sphecomyrma freyi, by original designation.

Taxonomic history

  • Sphecomyrma in †Sphecomyrmidae: Dlussky, 1987: 132; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 77.
  • Sphecomyrma in †Sphecomyrminae: Wilson, et al. 1967: 6; Wilson, 1987: 49; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 9; Bolton, 1994: 187; Grimaldi, et al. 1997: 7.
  • Sphecomyrma in †Sphecomyrminae, *Sphecomyrmini: Bolton, 2003: 261; Borysenko, 2017: 15.
  • Sphecomyrma as genus: all authors.
  • Sphecomyrma catalogues: Bolton, 1995b: 392.
  • Sphecomyrma references: Wilson, et al. 1967: 12 (phylogeny); Wilson, 1987: 49 (review of genus); Grimaldi, et al. 1997: 9 (review of genus); Engel & Grimaldi, 2005: 7 (diagnosis, all species key); Borysenko, 2017: 15.

References

  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 187, Sphecomyrma in Sphecomyrminae)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 392, Sphecomyrma in Sphecomyrminae)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 262, Sphecomyrma in Sphecomyrminae, Sphecomyrmini)
  • Borysenko, L.H. 2017. Description of a new genus of primitive ants from Canadian amber, with the study of relationships between stem- and crown-group ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Insecta Mundi 570: 1–57.
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1987. New Formicoidea (Hymenoptera) of the Upper Cretaceous. Paleontol. Zh. 1987(1 1: 131-135 (page 132, Sphecomyrma in Sphecomyrmidae)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 77, Sphecomyrma in Sphecomyrmidae)
  • Grimaldi, D.; Agosti, D.; Carpenter, J. M. 1997. New and rediscovered primitive ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Cretaceous amber from New Jersey, and their phylogenetic relationships. Am. Mus. Novit. 3208: 1-43 (page 7, Sphecomyrma in Sphecomyrminae)
  • Grimaldi, D.; Agosti, D.; Carpenter, J. M. 1997. New and rediscovered primitive ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Cretaceous amber from New Jersey, and their phylogenetic relationships. Am. Mus. Novit. 3208: 1-43 (page 9, review of genus)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 9, Sphecomyrma in Sphecomyrminae)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1987b. The earliest known ants: an analysis of the Cretaceous species and an inference concerning their social organization. Paleobiol. 13: 44-53 (page 49, Sphecomyrma in Sphecomyrminae)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1987b. The earliest known ants: an analysis of the Cretaceous species and an inference concerning their social organization. Paleobiol. 13: 44-53 (page 49, review of genus)
  • Wilson, E. O.; Brown, W. L., Jr. 1967. [Untitled. Descriptions of new taxa: Sphecomyrminae Wilson and Brown, new subfamily; Sphecomyrma Wilson and Brown, new genus; Sphecomyrma freyi Wilson and Brown, new species.]. Pp. 6-10 in: Wilson, E. O., Carpenter, (page 8, Sphecomyrma as genus)
  • Wilson, E. O.; Carpenter, F. M.; Brown, W. L., Jr. 1967a. The first Mesozoic ants, with the description of a new subfamily. Psyche (Camb.) 74: 1-19 (page 6, Sphecomyrma in Sphecomyrminae)
  • Wilson, E. O.; Carpenter, F. M.; Brown, W. L., Jr. 1967a. The first Mesozoic ants, with the description of a new subfamily. Psyche (Camb.) 74: 1-19 (page 12, phylogeny)