| Strumigenys biroi|
Label data from two collected note the ants were collected in rainforest from a litter sample.
Bolton (2000) - A member of the Strumigenys biroi-group. There may be two sibling species concealed under this name as some individuals have the propodeal dorsum smooth whilst in others there is punctate sculpture present.
S. biroi is closest related to Strumigenys pulchra, the two are only separated on the details of sculpture noted below. The two together are easily distinguished from Strumigenys basiliska and Strumigenys undras as both of these have an unsculptured promesonotum and lack flagellate hairs at the pronotal humeri and on the basitarsi.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Check distribution from AntMaps.
Distribution based on specimens
Strumigenys were once thought to be rare. The development and increased use of litter sampling methods has led to the discovery of a tremendous diversity of species. Many species are specialized predators (e.g. see Strumigenys membranifera and Strumigenys louisianae). Collembola (springtails) and other tiny soil arthropods are typically favored prey. Species with long linear mandibles employ trap-jaws to sieze their stalked prey (see Dacetine trap-jaws). Larvae feed directly on insect prey brought to them by workers. Trophallaxis is rarely practiced. Most species live in the soil, leaf litter, decaying wood or opportunistically move into inhabitable cavities on or under the soil. Colonies are small, typically less than 100 individuals but in some species many hundreds. Moist warm habitats and micro-habitats are preferred. A few better known tramp and otherwise widely ranging species tolerate drier conditions. Foraging is often in the leaf litter and humus. Workers of many species rarely venture above ground or into exposed, open areas. Individuals are typically small, slow moving and cryptic in coloration. When disturbed individuals freeze and remain motionless. Males are not known for a large majority of species.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- biroi. Strumigenys biroi Emery, 1897c: 580, pl. 14, fig. 16 (w.) NEW GUINEA. See also: Bolton, 2000: 751.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Bolton (2000) - TL 1.9-2.0, HL 0.48-0.52, HW 0.37-0.40, CI 75-81, ML 0.14-0.16, MI 28-32, SL 0.23-0.25, SI 60-65, PW 0.22-0.25, AL 0.53-0.60 (10 measured).
Dorsolateral margin of head with a closely applied row of spatulate hairs, without freely laterally projecting hairs anywhere on margin. Cephalic dorsum with conspicuous narrowly spatulate ground-pilosity that is closely applied to the surface. Pronotal humeral hair flagellate; mesonotum with a single pair of erect flagellate hairs. Ground-pilosity on promesonotum as on head but not as dense. Dorsum of head and promesonotum densely reticulate-punctate. Pleurae and side of propodeum smooth and shining. Propodeum without trace of cuticular teeth, instead the declivity with a thickly spongiform broad lamella that extends its entire depth. In dorsal view the propodeum terminates in a pair of posteriorly directed thick spongiform lobes, the apices of the lamellae. Dorsal (outer) surface of each middle and hind basitarsus with a single long flagellate erect hair. Disc of postpetiole mostly to entirely smooth, at most with a few very short and feeble costulae at extreme anterior margin. Hairs on first gastral tergite extremely sparse; 2-4 inconspicuous fine hairs present at base that are inclined anteriorly toward the limbus. Tergite otherwise without standing hairs although very sparse minute appressed pubescence is present. Basigastral costulae short, their length on the tergite proper no greater than their length on the limbus.
Bolton (2000) - Syntype workers, PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Madang (=Friedrich-Wilhelmshafen), and Aitape (= Berlinhafen) (L. Biro) (Hungarian Natural History Museum) [examined].
- Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 396, revived combination, in catalogue)
- Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 65:1-1028. (page 751, redescription of worker)
- Brown, W. L., Jr. 1948. A preliminary generic revision of the higher Dacetini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 74: 101-129 PDF (page 103, Combination in Labidogenys)
- Emery, C. 1897c. Formicidarum species novae vel minus cognitae in collectione Musaei Nationalis Hungarici quas in Nova-Guinea, colonia germanica, collegit L. Biró. Természetr. Füz. 20: 571-599 (page 580, pl. 14, fig. 16 worker described)