Tapinolepis

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Tapinolepis
Tapinolepis tumidula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Plagiolepidini
Genus: Tapinolepis
Emery, 1925
Type species
Plagiolepis tumidula, now Tapinolepis tumidula
Diversity
18 species
(Species Checklist)

Tapinolepis tumidula casent0102094 profile 1.jpg

Tapinolepis tumidula

Tapinolepis tumidula casent0102094 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms
Evolutionary Relationships
Formicinae

Myrmelachistini
  (2 genera)




Lasiini
  (9 genera)




Melophorini
  (9 genera)




Formicini
  (8 genera)





Gesomyrmex, Oecophylla


Plagiolepidini

Anoplolepis
  (14 species)





Tapinolepis
  (18 species)




Aphomomyrmex
  (1 species)



Petalomyrmex
  (1 species)







Lepisiota
  (135 species)



Plagiolepis
  (79 species)





Acropyga
  (41 species)




Agraulomyrmex
  (2 species)



Undescribed genus










Gigantiops, Myrmoteras, Santschiella



Camponotini
  (8 genera)








Based on Ward et al. 2016.

Hita Garcia, Wiesel and Fischer (2013) - A small, species-poor genus with just 14 species restricted to the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions (Bolton, 2012). Until the last decade Tapinolepis was regarded as a synonym of Anoplolepis, but was reinstated as a good genus by Bolton (2003). Revisions or keys treating Tapinolepis as a genus have not been published yet. The biology of most species is unknown.

Identification

Distribution

World distribution based on political regions. View/Edit Data
Tapinolepis Distribution.png Worlddistribution legend.jpg

Species richness

Species richness by country based on regional taxon lists (countries with darker colours are more species-rich). View Data

Tapinolepis Species Richness.png

Biology

Castes

Morphology

Worker Morphology

 • Antennal segment count 11 • Antennal club absent • Palp formula 6,4 • Spur formula 0, 0 • Eyes present • Scrobes absent • Caste size-variable to weakly polymorphic • Sting absent

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • TAPINOLEPIS [Formicinae: Plagiolepidini]
    • Tapinolepis Emery, 1925b: 18 [as subgenus of Anoplolepis]. Type-species: Plagiolepis tumidula, by monotypy.
    • Tapinolepis raised to genus and senior synonym of Mesanoplolepis: Bolton, 2003: 107, 267.
  • MESANOPLOLEPIS [junior synonym of Tapinolepis]
    • Mesanoplolepis Santschi, 1926a: 14 [as subgenus of Anoplolepis]. Type-species: Plagiolepis simulans, by original designation.
    • Mesanoplolepis junior synonym of Tapinolepis: Bolton, 2003: 107, 267.

References

  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 107, Tapinolepis as genus)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1973b. A comparison of the Hylean and Congo-West African rain forest ant faunas. Pp. 161-185 in: Meggers, B. J., Ayensu, E. S., Duckworth, W. D. (eds.) Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review. Wash (page 185, Tapinolepis as junior synonym of Anoplolepis (provisional))
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 18, Tapinolepis as subgenus of Anoplolepis)