Teratomyrmex substrictus

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Teratomyrmex substrictus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Melophorini
Genus: Teratomyrmex
Species: T. substrictus
Binomial name
Teratomyrmex substrictus
Shattuck & O'Reilly, 2013

Shattuck & O'Reilly 2013-12Teratomyrmex-substrictus hal.jpg

Shattuck & O'Reilly 2013-12Teratomyrmex-substrictus had.jpg

This species is known from a limited number of locations in Far North Queensland just north and south of Cairns. All collections are from rainforest and workers were encountered while collecting from low vegetation either by using pyrethrum knockdown or by sweeping vegetation.

Identification

Head and mesosoma dark brown, gaster slightly paler; coxae, trochanters and basal first third of femora white, remainder of femora brown; petiole uniform brown, apex similar in colour to remainder. Pronotum with small and angular humeral angles, lacking large wing-like structures. Body with long, erect hairs only, shorter hairs and pubescence absent. Dorsum of head, pronotum and mesonotum essentially smooth, sculpturing at most only weakly developed. This species is similar to Teratomyrmex tinae but differs in pilosity, sculpturing and colour as outlined above.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Far north Queensland, just north and south of Cairns.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • substrictus. Teratomyrmex substrictus Shattuck & O'Reilly, 2013: 297, fig. 7 (w.) AUSTRALIA.

Type Material

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

(n=6)—CI 100–106; HL 0.85–1.06 mm; HW 0.85–1.12 mm; ML 1.14–1.44 mm; MTL 0.83–0.97 mm; PronW 0.55–0.73; SI 110–124; SL 1.04–1.24 mm.

Head and mesosoma dark brown, gaster slightly paler. Coxae, trochanters white. Tibiae basally white, changing to light brown at one third length. Petiole light brown. Scattered long setae on head, antennae, gaster, tibiae, tarsi and dorsal side of mesosoma. Pubescence reduced to a few scattered hairs. Head roughly square, concave on the sides and widest at eyes. Mandibles triangular, paler in colour than the head but with dark teeth. Mandibles with six teeth, the first, second and fourth the largest. Clypeus semicircular, with rounded posterior margin, straight anterior margin. Frontal area smooth. Frontal carinae very small, only slightly extending past antennal socket. Eyes large, convex, positioned one third from posterior margin of head, one and a half times longer than wide. Ocelli very small but distinct. Scapes extending one third their length beyond posterior margin of head, paler in colour than head. Mesosoma mostly smooth, with broad longitudinal striations on the side of the mesonotum and propodeum. Dorsal surface of pronotum and mesonotum essentially smooth. In dorsal view pronotum roughly hexagonal, wider than propodeum, with sides tapering slightly laterally with points at the pronotal humeri. Promesonotal suture weakly differentiated from surrounding surfaces. In dorsal view mesonotum roughly oval, the anterior margin weakly convex and the posterior margin strongly convex. Propodeum roughly square in dorsal view, with small spines on upper margin. Petiole much taller than long, weakly convex on dorsal surface. Gaster rectangular, first two segments (abdominal segments III & IV) the largest. Legs slender, tibiae and femora somewhat spindle shaped.

References