Tetheamyrma

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Tetheamyrma
Tetheamyrma subspongia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Tetheamyrma
Bolton, 1991
Type species
Tetheamyrma subspongia
Diversity
2 species
(Species Checklist)

Tetheamyrma subspongia casent0101593 profile 1.jpg

Tetheamyrma subspongia

Tetheamyrma subspongia casent0101593 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Evolutionary Relationships



Cardiocondyla



Ocymyrmex






Nesomyrmex



Xenomyrmex





Terataner




Atopomyrmex



Cataulacus










Carebara



Diplomorium






Melissotarsus



Rhopalomastix






Calyptomyrmex



Tetramorium





Cyphoidris



Dicroaspis










Aretidris



Vollenhovia





Dacetinops



Indomyrma








Crematogaster



Meranoplus






Lophomyrmex




Adlerzia



Recurvidris






Stereomyrmex




Trichomyrmex





Eutetramorium




Royidris




Malagidris



Vitsika








Huberia



Podomyrma





Liomyrmex



Metapone













Kartidris



Mayriella





Tetheamyrma




Dacatria



Proatta









Dilobocondyla



Secostruma






Acanthomyrmex



Myrmecina





Perissomyrmex



Pristomyrmex









some Lordomyrma



Propodilobus





Lasiomyrma




[some Lordomyrma




Ancyridris



some Lordomyrma









Paratopula




Poecilomyrma




Romblonella



Rotastruma








Gauromyrmex



Vombisidris





Temnothorax




Harpagoxenus




Formicoxenus



Leptothorax













Based on Ward et al. (2014) and Blaimer et al. (2018).

A monotypic genus known from a few specimens of Tetheamyrma subspongia collected from litter samples.

Identification

Tetheamyrma belongs in the Rogeria-Stenamma-group of genera, based on the structure of the mandibles and clypeus, and the form of the alitrunk. It is isolated among these, however, by its combination of 11-segmented antennae with a 2-segmented club, and the presence of spongiform material on the waist and gaster. (Bolton 1991)

Distribution

Sabah, Malayasia.

World distribution based on political regions. View/Edit Data
Tetheamyrma Distribution.png Worlddistribution legend.jpg

Species richness

Species richness by country based on regional taxon lists (countries with darker colours are more species-rich). View Data

Tetheamyrma Species Richness.png

Biology

Spongiform material on the waist segments and base of the gaster ventrally was previously known only in the tribe Dacetini and the non-dacetine genus Dacetinops. Tetheamyrma is not related to either of these and thus represents a third independent evolution of this feature, whose function remains unknown.

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Morphology

Worker Morphology

 • Antennal segment count 11 • Antennal club 2 • Palp formula 2,2 • Total dental count 5-8 • Spur formula 0, 0 • Sting present

Male Morphology

 • Caste unknown

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • TETHEAMYRMA [Myrmicinae: Stenammini]
    • Tetheamyrma Bolton, 1991: 9. Type-species: Tetheamyrma subspongia, by original designation.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Diagnosis of worker. Monomorphic terrestrial (leaf litter) myrmicine ants with the following combination of characters.

1. Palp formula 2, 2 (in situ count).

2. Mandible triangular, with 6 teeth, the two basal teeth poorly defined.

3. Anterior clypeal margin lacking an isolated median seta, instead with a pair of setae that straddle the midpoint.

4. Median portion of clypeus narrow posteriorly, narrowly inserted between the frontal lobes.

5. Median portion of clypeus narrowly bicarinate, the carinae arising between the frontal lobes and diverging anteriorly.

6. Frontal lobes broad, each lobe considerably broader than the portion of the clypeus that is inserted between them.

7. Torulus concealed by frontal lobes in full-face view.

8. Frontal carinae and antennal scrobes absent.

9. Small eyes present, situated just in front of the midlength of the sides.

10. Antennae II-segmented, with a strongly defined 2-segmented apical club.

11. Alitrunk short and compact in profile; promesonotum forming a single even convexity; metanotal groove impressed; propodeal dorsum steeply sloping posteriorly.

12. Propodeum with a pair of short triangular spines which are connected to the narrow rounded metapleural lobes by narrow infradental lamellae.

13. Propodeal spiracle conspicuous, low on side and behind midlength of sclerite.

14. Tibial spurs absent from middle and hind legs.

15. Petiole with a short stout anterior peduncle and with a relatively large anteroventral process; petiolar spiracle located at the node.

16. Petiole ventrally (behind the process) and postpetiole ventrally with a clump of loose spongiform material which appears to be composed of densely interwoven or fused pilosity; base of first gastral sternite with a pad of similar spongiform material.

17. Sting functional, simple.

18. Cuticle thick and densely sculptured; pilosity fine and dense everywhere.

References

  • Bolton, B. 1991. New myrmicine genera from the Oriental Region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Syst. Entomol. 16: 1-13 PDF (page 9, Tetheamyrma as genus)
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 106, Tetheamyrma in Myrmicinae, Stenammini)
  • Bolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Nat. Hist. 2 29: 1037-1056 (page 1053, Tetheamyrma in Myrmicinae, Stenammini)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 403, Tetheamyrma in Myrmicinae, Stenammini)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 206, Tetheamyrma in Myrmicinae, Stenammini)