Veromessor smithi

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Veromessor smithi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Veromessor
Species: V. smithi
Binomial name
Veromessor smithi
Cole, 1963

Messor-smithi-MCZ001L.jpg

Messor-smithi-MCZ001D.jpg

Specimen Label

Nests in sandy exposed areas with mixed vegetation. Nest surmounted by 1 or 2 circular craters about 13 cm in diameter. Galleries penetrated the loose upper layer of sand to chamber up to 60 cm deep in firmer sand. Stored seeds in some chambers. Population of 1 nest: 275 workers, 1 queen, 27 winged females, and 97 males. The workers are crepuscular, timid, and sluggish (Cole 1963, 1966).

Identification

Identification Keys including this Taxon

Key to Veromessor species

Distribution

Arizona, California and Nevada.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: United States (type locality).
Veromessor smithi Distribution.png

Check distribution from AntMaps.

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Veromessor smithi for further details

Biology

Nevada, Wheeler and Wheeler (1986) - We have 22 records from 17 widely scattered localities (4,100-6,200 ft.) but none in the northeastern quarter nor along the western border. Three were in the Pinyon-Juniper Biome and 12 in the Cool Desert (3 in Sarcobatus Subclimax, 3 in Atriplex Subclimax, 1 on a revegetating playa, 1 from a disturbed habitat). Six nests were under half-buried stones; 9 were surmounted by craters 5-10 cm in diameter.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • smithi. Veromessor smithi Cole, 1963: 678, figs. 1-4 (w.q.m.) U.S.A. Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1972b: 240 (l.). Combination in Messor: Bolton, 1982: 341; in Veromessor: Ward et al., 2014: 13.

Description

References

  • Plowes, N. J. R.; Johnson, R. A.; Hölldobler, B. 2013. Foraging behavior in the ant genus Messor (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Myrmecological News 18:33-49. [2013-03-22] PDF 142390
  • Ward, P.S., Brady, S.G., Fisher, B.L. & Schultz, T.R. 2014. The evolution of myrmicine ants: phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology, DOI: 10.1111/syen.12090
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1972b. Ant larvae of the subfamily Myrmicinae: second supplement on the tribes Myrmicini and Pheidolini. J. Ga. Entomol. Soc. 7: 233-246 (page 240, larva described)
  • Wheeler, G. C. and J. Wheeler. 1986. The ants of Nevada. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles.