Zasphinctus trux

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Zasphinctus trux
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Zasphinctus
Species: Z. trux
Binomial name
Zasphinctus trux
(Brown, 1975)

Sphinctomyrmex trux casent0172079 profile 1.jpg

Sphinctomyrmex trux casent0172079 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Little is know about this species. One collection was taken from under a stone in a rainforest.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • trux. Sphinctomyrmex trux Brown, 1975: 77, figs. 2, 101, 102, 105-113 (w.) AUSTRALIA.
    • Combination in Zasphinctus: Borowiec, M.L. 2016: 243.
    • Status as species: Taylor & Brown, 1985: 52; Bolton, 1995b: 392.

Type Material

  • Holotype, worker (plus 15 additional workers from same nest), near Ravenshoe, Atherton Tableland, Queensland, Australia, Museum of Comparative Zoology.

Holotype (Museum of Comparative Zoology) and 21 para types (ANIC-Canberra, BMNH-London, Museum of Comparative Zoology, MHN-Geneva) taken near Ravenshoe, on the Atherton Tableland, N Queensland, Australia at about 3000 ft. (900+ meters) in April 1932 by P. J. Darlington, Jr.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype: TL 4.7, HL 0.87, HW 0.76 (CI 87), ML 0.12, scape L 0.50, WL 1.16, petiolar node L 0.38, W 0.48, postpetiole L 0.50, W 0.64 mm.

Paratypes (21): TL 4.4-5.2, HL 0.84-0.94, HW 0.74-0.84 (CI 87-89), ML 0.12-0.15, scape L 0.47-0.54, WL 1.12-1.26, petiolar node L 0.40-0.44, W 0.44-0.50, postpetiole L 0.53-0.58, W 0.61-0.68 mm.

The figures show body form, pilosity, and some details of sculpture well enough; only features not, or poorly, shown or those needing emphasis will be described here.

Head with posterior border straight, extremely feebly concave in the middle as seen in full-face view, sides convex; eyes represented by pigmented dots at middle of sides of head, each without a distinct ommatidial facet. Frontal carinae with lobes sharply raised, subcontiguously converging and truncate behind; median carina of anterior slope of clypeus indistinct and forming only a low tubercle in full-face view. Anterior translucent apron of clypeus with a strongly convex border.

Mandibles triangular, with basal border rounding gradually into masticatory border, the latter finely crenulate on basal half, edentate on apical half; apex acute; external borders convex.

Labrum with a narrow median cleft in from the free margin; extensor surface with a transverse carina near midlength, in the middle forming a low, blunt transverse tubercle, also a small tubercle at either side of the labral shield, and a bluntly rounded tubercle or process at each side of an extension of the flexor face. Maxillary palpi 3-merous; first segment narrow; second segment long and broad, flattened, with a laterapical angle bearing 2 sensilla; apical segment small, its rounded apex bearing a single long sensillum. Labial palpi with a long, slender basal segment, subequal in length to the 2 shorter, broader distal segments taken together; apical and subapical sensilla 6-7.

Antennae with 12 distinct segments, all transverse except scape and apical segment, the last barely wider than preapical segment, and about 2 1/2 times as long. The sculpture fairly well for the petiolar disc in 112, but even here not all of the punctures near the center of the disc appear in the photograph; punctures of petiolar node decidedly smaller and more numerous than on truncal dorsum. Postpetiole and gastric terga all densely sown with punctures similar in size to those of the petiole, but much more numerous and crowded, many contiguous or subcontiguous, but all these surfaces nevertheless rather strongly shining. Pilosity of postpetiole and gaster, copious, suberect, with a conspicuous pubescence of appressed to decumbent, fine, short hairs. Antennae and legs punctulate, weakly shining, with long, fine decumbent pubescence (some longer suberect hairs on scapes); posterior faces of femora smooth and shining with scattered piligerous punctulae. Declivity of propodeum shining, microreticulate, with scattered piligerous punctulae.

Color medium brownish red; legs and antennae a little lighter and more yellowish.

References