Zyras

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This is a myrmecophilous genus of Staphylinidae with thirty-two species. Most are assumed to be inquilines in the nests of ants. Their biology is relatively unknown and their relationships with ants is a mystery.

List of Zyras; Zyras subgenus Stephens and their Host Ants
Genus and species Author and Year Ant Host Distribution Notes
Zyras baihuamontis Zhu-Qi, Li-Zhen, 2015 ants China
Zyras cognatus Markel, 1842 ants Norway
Zyras collaris (Paykull, 1789) ants Algeria, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Germany, Norway,Sweden, Russia tergal gland
Zyras ecitonis Mann, 1925 ants Panama
Zyras fellowesi Pace, ants China
Zyras ferrunineiventris Scheerpeltz, 1965 ants Myanmar
Zyras funestus (Gravenhorst, 1806) ants Norway
Zyras glabricollis Scheerpeltz, 1964 ants Myanmar
Zyras haworthi (Stephens, 1832) Lasius fuliginosus Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Germany, Japan, Russia, Tunisia tergal gland
Zyras hirsutus Cameron, 1943 ants Australia
Zyras humeralis Gravenhorst, 1802 ants Germany
Zyras insperatus ants
Zyras jansei Last, 1958 ants South Africa
Zyras laticollis Brues Neivamyrmex nigrescens Texas
Zyras librevillensis ants
Zyras limbatus Paykull,1789 ants Belgian,
Zyras longwangmontis Pace, 1998 ants China
Zyras lugens Gravenhorst, 1802 ants Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Turkey
Zyras malaybipunctatus ants
Zyras nabanensis ants
Zyras obliquus Casey, 1894 ants Canada, USA:Ohio
Zyras obtusus (Casey, 1893) ants North American
Zyras planifer Casey, 1894 ants North Carolina
Zyras pseudobirmanus Scheerpeltz, 1965 ants Myanmar
Zyras puncticolllis ants
Zyras quasar Dvořák, 1996 ants Vietnam
Zyras rudis (LeConte, 1866) ants Kansas, Washington, D.C.
Zyras setosipennis Scheerpeltz ants Myanmar
Zyras setosivestis Scheerpeltz, 1965 ants Myanmar
Zyras speluncarius ants
Zyras tsavicola Pace, 2008 ants Kenya
Zyras unicornis Dvořák, 1988 ants
Zyras vietnamicus Dvořák, 1988 ants Vietnam


REFERENCES

  • Akino T (2002) Chemical camouflage by myrmecophilous beetles Zyras comes (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) and Diaritiger fossulatus (Coleoptera: Pselaphidae) to be integrated into the nest of Lasius fuliginosus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Chemoecology 12:83–89
  • CAMERON M. (1939): The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Coleoptera. Staphylinidae. – Vol. IV. Parts I-II. — London: 691 pp.
  • DVOŘÁK M. (1996): Einige neue myrmekophile oder termitophile Arten des Tribus Zyrasini aus Südasien (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae). — Coleoptera Schwanfelder Coleopterologische Mitteilungen 23: 1-15.
  • HLAVÁČ P., NEWTON A.F. & M. MARUYAMA (2011): World catalogue of the species of the tribe Lomechusini (Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). — Zootaxa 3075: 1-151.
  • Klimaszewski, Jan, Georges Pelletier, Munetoshi Maruyama, and Peter Hlavác (2005) Canadian species of the Zyras group of genera and review of the types from America north of Mexico (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae), Revue Suisse de Zoologie, vol. 112, no. 3
  • PACE R. (1986): Aleocharinae della Thailandia e della Birmania riportate da G. de Rougemont (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). — Bolletino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona 11 (1984): 427-468.
  • PACE R. (2001): Aleocharinae aus Vietnam in der Sammlung des Naturkundemuseums Erfurt (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). — Veröffentlichungen Naturkundemuseum Erfurt 20: 193- 200.
  • PACE R. (2008): Nuovi dati, nuovo genere e tre nuove specie di Aleocharinae del Vietnam (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). — Lavori della Società Veneziana di Scienze Naturali 33: 7- 13.
  • PACE R. (2010): Aleocharinae della Regione Orientale al Museo di Genova (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). — Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria" 102: 295-335.
  • PACE R. (2012a): New data, new species, and two new genera of Aleocharinae from the Oriental Region (Insecta: Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). — Vernate 31: 319-360.
  • Yan, Zhu-Qi, Li, Li-Zhen (2015): New species and additional records of the subgenus Termidonia Motschulsky of the genus Zyras Stephens in China (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae). Zootaxa 4028 (1): 136-142, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4028.1.7