Acanthomyrmex luciolae

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Acanthomyrmex luciolae
Acanthomyrmex luciolae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Acanthomyrmex
Species group: luciolae
Species: A. luciolae
Binomial name
Acanthomyrmex luciolae
Emery, 1893

Acanthomyrmex-luciolaeHUMCZ001L4.jpg

Acanthomyrmex-luciolaeHUMCZ001D4.jpg

Specimen Label

Nothing is known about the biology of Acanthomyrmex luciolae.

Identification

Moffett (1986) - Minor workers with posterior margin of head deeply concave; head of majors with conspicuous rugae. Propodeal spines long, slender, directed upwards rather than strongly caudad, and lacking a conspicuously thickened base; node of petiole without two long lateral spines. From Sri Lanka.

Several of the Wilson specimens have longer (up to 0.25 mm) pilosity on the head and relatively hairy pronotal spines; also some specimens lack the tibial spur usually present on the middle and hind legs of Acanthomyrmex ants. PWI 57 to 76. Most of these ants are darker and more red than syntypes.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: Sri Lanka (type locality).
Palaearctic Region: China.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • luciolae. Acanthomyrmex luciolae Emery, 1893f: 245 (s.w.) SRI LANKA.
    • [Acanthomyrmex luciolae Emery, 1893a: cclxxvi. Nomen nudum.]
    • Status as species: Forel, 1903a: 696; Bingham, 1903: 192; Emery, 1924d: 235; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 115; Moffett, 1986c: 76 (redescription); Bolton, 1995b: 53; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 39; Yamada, Ito, et al. 2018: 10.{nomenplus}}

Description

Worker

Moffett (1986) - Minor. The two minor worker syntypes measure HW 1.10 to 1.11, HL 0.95 (CI 116 to 117), ML 0.79 to 0.83 (MI 83 to 87), SL 1.10 to 1.11 (SI 100), EL 0.22 to 0.23, HFL 1.21 to 1.26 (FLl 128 to 132; FWI 24) mm. When viewed in full-face, head strongly concave across posterior margin, and with moderately convex lateral margins. Maximum head width virtually the same above and below the level of the eyes. Head with rounded foveae having thick walls, except walls of foveae bordering on scrobes and on vertex are thinner, more like those of Acanthomyrmex ferox; dorsally longest hairs extend about 0.18 mm. Clypeal index 111 and 113. Feeble lobe present on each side of medial clypeal hair; lateral clypeal hairs often in an enclosed fovea, although walls of fovea sometimes incomplete. A well-developed ruga extends back from each of these medial clypeal lobes, as described for Acanthomyrmex crassispinus. Mandibles lacking a ventral tooth.

Spines on trunk exceptionally long; pronotal spines straight and propodeal spines somewhat longer, slender and elegantly curved. Pronotal spines with one to three conspicuous hairs. Pronotal angle not forming a feeble tooth. Propodeal declivity bordered on each side by two adjacent rugae, as described for Acanthomyrmex basispinosus.

Petiole as in figure PWI intermediate (67 to 70). Anterior peduncle of petiole long and narrow, with lateral hairs present, but sublateral hairs lacking; subpetiolar declivity present. Postpetiole much as described for A. crassispina, except hairier, and dorsum raised into a low node anteriorly, rather than evenly rounded in profile. Femora hairy, and with ventral surfaces only feebly concave. Color light orange yellow, legs yellow.

Major. Syntype measures HW 1.80, HL 1.83 (CI 98), SL 1.03 (SI 57), EL 0.26, HFL 1.26 (FLl 69; FWI 22) mm. Head sculpture as described for A. ferox, but costate sculpture on frons extending relatively farther back towards vertex, and foveae relatively feebler on sides of head. Without a distinct cephalic hollow. No darkly pigmented medial streak dorsad on head; wide medial sulcus conspicuous, low on face. Forward margin of clypeus without a medial projection. However, two feeble lobes are present, each with a single notch along their margins. Propodeal spine relatively short and virtually straight, in contrast to condition in the minor worker. Subpetiolar declivity lacking (although present in minor caste). Head and gaster a deeper orange than in minors.

Type Material

Moffett (1986) - Sri Lanka: Kandy, two minor workers and one major (E. Simon, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa and Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève [examined]).

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Dias R. K. S. 2002. Current knowledge on ants of Sri Lanka. ANeT Newsletter 4: 17- 21.
  • Dias R. K. S. 2006. Current taxonomic status of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Sri Lanka. The Fauna of Sri Lanka: 43-52. Bambaradeniya, C.N.B. (Editor), 2006. Fauna of Sri Lanka: Status of Taxonomy, Research and Conservation. The World Conservation Union, Colombo, Sri Lanka & Government of Sri Lanka. viii + 308pp.
  • Dias R. K. S., K. R. K. A. Kosgamage, and H. A. W. S. Peiris. 2012. The Taxonomy and Conservation Status of Ants (Order: Hymenoptera, Family: Formicidae) in Sri Lanka. In: The National Red List 2012 of Sri Lanka; Conservation Status of the Fauna and Flora. Weerakoon, D.K. & S. Wijesundara Eds., Ministry of Environment, Colombo, Sri Lanka. p11-19.
  • Emery C. 1893. Voyage de M. E. Simon à l'île de Ceylan (janvier-février 1892). Formicides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62: 239-258.
  • Emery C. 1893. [Untitled. Introduced by: "M. C. Emery, de Bologne, envoie les diagnoses de cinq nouveaux genres de Formicides".]. Bulletin Bimensuel de la Société Entomologique de France 1892: cclxxv-cclxxvii.
  • Forel A. 1903. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part X. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 14: 679-715.
  • Gumawardene, N.R., J.D. Majer and J.P. Edirisinghe. 2008. Diversity and richness of ant species in a lowland wet forest reserve in Sri Lanka. Asian Myrmecology 2:71-83
  • Gunawardene N. R., J. D. Majer, and J. P. Edirisinghe. 2008. Diversity and richness of ant species in a lowland wet forest reserve in Sri Lanka. Asian Myrmecology 2: 71-83.
  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Li Q., Y. Chen, S. Wang, Y. Zheng, Y. Zhu, and S. Wang. 2009. Diversity of ants in subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest in Pu'er City, Yunnan. Biodiversity Science 17(3): 233-239.
  • Moffett, M. 1986. Revision of the myrmicinae genus Acanthomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 151(2):55-89.
  • Moffett, M. W. 1986. Revision of the myrmicine genus Acanthomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 151:55-89.
  • Xu Z. H., B. L. Yang, and G. Hu. 1999. Formicidae ant communities in fragments of montane rain forest in Xishuangbanna, China. Zoological Research 20(4): 288-293.
  • Xu Z. 1998. A report of fourty-one ant species newly recorded in China from Xishuangbanna District of Yunnan Province (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zhongguo Xue Shu Qi Kan Wen Zhai 4: 1119-1121.