Acromyrmex aspersus

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Acromyrmex aspersus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Acromyrmex
Species: A. aspersus
Binomial name
Acromyrmex aspersus
(Smith, F., 1858)

Acromyrmex aspersus casent0904994 p 1 high.jpg

Acromyrmex aspersus casent0904994 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Peru.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • aspersus. Oecodoma aspersa Smith, F. 1858b: 185, pl. 10, fig. 17 (q.) BRAZIL (no state data).
    • [Misspelled as aspera by Santschi, 1919f: 51.]
    • Emery, 1905c: 49 (w.m.).
    • Combination in Atta: Roger, 1863b: 35;
    • combination in Atta (Acromyrmex): Forel, 1893e: 590;
    • combination in Acromyrmex: Gallardo, 1916d: 328.
    • Junior synonym of octospinosus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 153; Forel, 1893e: 590; Forel, 1899c: 34; Santschi, 1913h: 41.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 35; Mayr, 1863: 437; Emery, 1905c: 48; Emery, 1906c: 165; Forel, 1911c: 292; Mann, 1916: 454; Gallardo, 1916d: 328; Luederwaldt, 1918: 38; Santschi, 1919f: 51; Emery, 1924d: 348; Santschi, 1925a: 391 (in key); Santschi, 1925d: 242; Borgmeier, 1927c: 129; Bruch, 1928: 346; Weber, 1938b: 205; Kusnezov, 1956: 35 (in key); Gonçalves, 1961: 132; Kempf, 1972a: 11; Cherrett & Cherrett, 1989: 50; Bolton, 1995b: 54; Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 114; Fernández, et al. 2015: 43 (redescription); Fernández & Serna, 2019: 833.
    • Senior synonym of affinis: Gonçalves, 1961: 132; Kempf, 1972a: 11; Bolton, 1995b: 54; Fernández, et al. 2015: 43.
    • Senior synonym of fuhrmanni: Fernández, et al. 2015: 43.
    • Senior synonym of inquirens: Gonçalves, 1961: 132; Kempf, 1972a: 11; Bolton, 1995b: 54; Fernández, et al. 2015: 43.
    • Senior synonym of mesonotalis: Gonçalves, 1961: 132; Kempf, 1972a: 11; Bolton, 1995b: 54; Fernández, et al. 2015: 43.
    • Material of the unavailable name clarus referred here by Gonçalves, 1961: 132; Kempf, 1972a: 11; Bolton, 1995b: 54.
  • affinis. Acromyrmex aspersus var. affinis Santschi, 1925a: 369 (w.) BRAZIL (Paraná).
    • Subspecies of aspersus: Santschi, 1925d: 243; Borgmeier, 1927c: 129.
    • Junior synonym of aspersus: Gonçalves, 1961: 132; Kempf, 1972a: 11; Bolton, 1995b: 54; Fernández, et al. 2015: 43.
  • fuhrmanni. Atta (Acromyrmex) mesonotalis var. fuhrmanni Forel, 1914e: 10 (w.) COLOMBIA.
    • Combination in Acromyrmex: Emery, 1924d: 349.
    • Subspecies of mesonotalis: Emery, 1924d: 349.
    • Subspecies of aspersus: Santschi, 1925a: 369; Kempf, 1972a: 11; Bolton, 1995b: 55.
    • Junior synonym of aspersus: Fernández, et al. 2015: 43.
  • inquirens. Atta (Acromyrmex) mesonotalis var. inquirens Forel, 1914e: 11 (w.) BRAZIL (São Paulo).
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Santschi, 1925d: 243; Borgmeier, 1927c: 130.
    • Subspecies of mesonotalis: Emery, 1924d: 349.
    • Subspecies of aspersus: Santschi, 1925a: 368.
    • Junior synonym of aspersus: Gonçalves, 1961: 132; Kempf, 1972a: 11; Bolton, 1995b: 55; Fernández, et al. 2015: 43.
  • mesonotalis. Atta (Acromyrmex) mesonotalis Emery, 1905c: 46, fig. 8 (w.) PERU.
    • [Misspelled as mesonodotalis by Luederwaldt, 1918: 38.]
    • Combination in Acromyrmex: Luederwaldt, 1918: 38.
    • Status as species: Forel, 1908c: 351; Luederwaldt, 1918: 38; Emery, 1924d: 349.
    • Subspecies of aspersus: Santschi, 1925a: 391 (in key); Santschi, 1925d: 242; Borgmeier, 1927c: 130.
    • Junior synonym of aspersus: Gonçalves, 1961: 132; Kempf, 1972a: 11; Bolton, 1995b: 56; Fernández, et al. 2015: 43.

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 38, karyotype = 8M+10SM+16ST+4A (Brazil) (Teixeira et al., 2017).

References

  • Calazans, E.G., da Costa, R.V., Cristiano,M.P., Cardoso, D.C. 2020. Daily dynamics of an ant community in a mountaintop ecosystem. Environmental Entomology (doi:10.1093/ee/nvaa011).
  • Emery, C. 1905f. Revisione delle specie del genere Atta appartenenti ai sottogeneri Moellerius e Acromyrmex. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (6)2:39-54 (page 49, worker, male described; page 48, revived from synonymy)
  • Forel, A. 1893h. Note sur les Attini. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 37: 586-607 (page 590, Combination in Atta (Acromyrmex), junior synonym of octospinosa)
  • Gallardo, A. 1916e. Notes systématiques et éthologiques sur les fourmis attines de la République Argentine. An. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. B. Aires 28: 317-344 (page 328, Combination in Acromyrmex)
  • Gonçalves, C. R. 1961. O genero Acromyrmex no Brasil (Hym. Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. 4: 113-180 (page 132, senior synonym of affinis, inquirens and mesonotalis, and material of the unavailable name clarus referred here.)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 35, Combination in Atta)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 185, pl. 10, fig. 17 queen described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bestelmeyer B. T., and J. A. Wiens. 1996. The Effects of Land Use on the Structure of Ground-Foraging Ant Communities in the Argentine Chaco. Ecological Applications 6(4): 1225-40.
  • Bezdeckova K., P. Bedecka, and I. Machar. 2015. A checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Peru. Zootaxa 4020 (1): 101–133.
  • Bruch C. 1928. Estudios mirmecológicos. Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires 34: 341-360.
  • Cuezzo, F. 1998. Formicidae. Chapter 42 in Morrone J.J., and S. Coscaron (dirs) Biodiversidad de artropodos argentinos: una perspectiva biotaxonomica Ediciones Sur, La Plata. Pages 452-462.
  • Diehl E., and E. Z. Albuquerque. 2007. Representantes das quatro provincias geomorfologicas do Rio Grande do Sul na colecao de Formicidae do laboratorio de insectos sociais da unisinos. Biológico, São Paulo 69(2): 101-104.
  • Emery C. 1906. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XXVI. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 37: 107-194.
  • Farji Brener A. G., and A. Ruggiero. 1994. Leaf-cutting ants (Atta and Acromyrmex) inhabiting Argentina: patterns in species richness and geographical range sizes. Journal of Biogeography 21(4): 391-399.
  • Fernández F., V. Castro-Huertas, and F. Serna. 2015. Hormigas cortadoras de hojas de Colombia: Acromyrmex & Atta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Fauna de Colombia, Monografía No.5. Bogotá D.C., Colombia: Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 350 pp.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Forel A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 58: 340-418.
  • Forel A. 1911. Ameisen des Herrn Prof. v. Ihering aus Brasilien (Sao Paulo usw.) nebst einigen anderen aus Südamerika und Afrika (Hym.). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1911: 285-312.
  • Forel A. 1914. Quelques fourmis de Colombie. Pp. 9-14 in: Fuhrmann, O.; Mayor, E. 1914. Voyage d'exploration scientifique en Colombie. Mémoires de la Société Neuchâteloise des Sciences Naturelles 5(2): 1-1090.
  • Gonçalves C. R. 1961. O genero Acromyrmex no Brasil (Hym. Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. 4: 113-180.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Kusnezov N. 1953. La fauna mirmecológica de Bolivia. Folia Universitaria. Cochabamba 6: 211-229.
  • Kusnezov N. 1956. Claves para la identificación de las hormigas de la fauna argentina. Idia 104-105: 1-56.
  • Kusnezov N. 1978. Hormigas argentinas: clave para su identificación. Miscelánea. Instituto Miguel Lillo 61:1-147 + 28 pl.
  • Luederwaldt H. 1918. Notas myrmecologicas. Rev. Mus. Paul. 10: 29-64.
  • Lutinski J. A., B. C. Lopes, and A. B. B.de Morais. 2013. Diversidade de formigas urbanas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de dez cidades do sul do Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 13(3): 332-342.
  • Nascimento Santos M., J. H. C. Delabie, and J. M. Queiroz. 2019. Biodiversity conservation in urban parks: a study of ground-dwelling ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Rio de Janeiro City. Urban Ecosystems https://doi.org/10.1007/s11252-019-00872-8
  • Passos L., and P. S. Oliveira. 2002. Ants affect the distribution and performance of Clusia criuva seedlings, a primarily bird-dispersed rainforest tree. Journal of Ecology 90: 517-528.
  • Passos, L. and P.S. Oliveira. 2002. Ants Affect the Distribution and Performance of Seedlings of Clusia criuva, a Primarily Bird-Dispersed Rain Forest Tree. Journal of Ecology 90(3):517-528.
  • Passos, L. and P.S. Oliveira. 2003. Interactions between ants, fruits and seeds in a restinga forest in south-eastern Brazil. Journal of Tropical Ecology 19(3):261-270.
  • Passos, L. and P.S. Oliviera. 2004. Interaction between Ants and Fruits of Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae) in a Brazilian Sandy Plain Rainforest: Ant Effects on Seeds and Seedling. Oecologia 139(3):376-382
  • Santos Lopes J. F., N. Martins dos Reis Hallack, T. Archanjo de Sales, M. Silva Brugger, L. F. Ribeiro, I. N. Hastenreiter, and R. da Silva Camargo. 2012. Comparison of the Ant Assemblages in Three Phytophysionomies: Rocky Field, Secondary Forest, and Riparian Forest—A Case Study in the State Park of Ibitipoca, Brazil. Psyche doi:10.1155/2012/928371
  • Santos Rando J. S., and L. C. Forti. 2005. Occurrence of ants Acromyrmex Mayr, 1865 in some cities of Brasil. Maringá 27(2): 129-133.
  • Santschi F. 1925. Nouveaux Formicides brésiliens et autres. Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 65: 221-247.
  • Santschi F. 1925. Revision du genre Acromyrmex Mayr. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 31: 355-398.
  • Silva R.R., and C. R. F. Brandao. 2014. Ecosystem-Wide Morphological Structure of Leaf-Litter Ant Communities along a Tropical Latitudinal Gradient. PLoSONE 9(3): e93049. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093049
  • Ulyssea M. A., C. E. Cereto, F. B. Rosumek, R. R. Silva, and B. C. Lopes. 2011. Updated list of ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) recorded in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil, with a discussion of research advances and priorities. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 55(4): 603–611.
  • Vittar, F. 2008. Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de la Mesopotamia Argentina. INSUGEO Miscelania 17(2):447-466
  • Vittar, F., and F. Cuezzo. "Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de la provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina." Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina (versión On-line ISSN 1851-7471) 67, no. 1-2 (2008).
  • Weber N. A. 1938. The biology of the fungus-growing ants. Part IV. Additional new forms. Part V. The Attini of Bolivia. Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 9: 154-206.
  • de Abreu J. M., and J. H. C. Delabie. 1986. Controle das formigas cortadeiras em plantios de cacau. Revista Theobroma 16(4): 199-211.