Acromyrmex landolti

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Acromyrmex landolti
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Acromyrmex
Species: A. landolti
Binomial name
Acromyrmex landolti
(Forel, 1885)

Acromyrmex landolti casent0281785 p 1 high.jpg

Acromyrmex landolti casent0281785 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia (type locality), Venezuela.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Nesting Habits

Verza et al. (2019): Seven nests of Acromyrmex landolti were excavated in a semiarid region of the Caatinga, an exclusively Brazilian biome. The nests were measured both externally and internally and then photographed. Nests were found in open and sunny areas and externally all nests presented a loose soil mound, straw protection over the entrance hole, and a refuse dump. The number of underground chambers found ranged from 4 to 17, with differing heights, widths, and lengths. The chambers were found from near the surface of the ground to a maximum depth of 1.70 m. Our results showed that strategies used by A. landolti include the construction of an ornate straw tower at the entrance of the nest and the construction of deep underground rooms, with the chambers of fungi near the water table. The structure of the nests of A. landolti is probably related to its habit of building their nests in open, sunny locations associated with environmental factors characteristic of the semiarid climate of the Caatinga biome.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • landolti. Atta (Acromyrmex) landolti Forel, 1885a: 357 (w.) COLOMBIA. Forel, 1911c: 293 (q.). Combination in Atta (Moellerius): Forel, 1893e: 589; in Acromyrmex (Moellerius): Mann, 1916: 453. Senior synonym of senex: Gonçalves, 1961: 120; of cloosae, planorum: Fowler, 1988: 288. Current subspecies: nominal plus myersi.
  • cloosae. Atta (Moellerius) landolti r. cloosae Forel, 1912e: 179 (w.) COLOMBIA. Combination in Acromyrmex (Moellerius): Emery, 1924d: 351. Junior synonym of landolti: Fowler, 1988: 288.
  • senex. Acromyrmex (Moellerius) balzani var. senex Santschi, 1925b: 19 (w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of landolti: Gonçalves, 1961: 120.
  • planorum. Acromyrmex (Moellerius) balzani subsp. planorum Weber, 1937: 409 (w.) VENEZUELA. Subspecies of landolti: Kempf, 1972a: 16. Junior synonym of landolti: Fowler, 1988: 288.

Description

References

  • Forel, A. 1885a [1884]. Études myrmécologiques en 1884 avec une description des organes sensoriels des antennes. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 20: 316-380 (page 357, worker described)
  • Forel, A. 1893h. Note sur les Attini. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 37: 586-607 (page 589, Combination in Atta (Moellerius))
  • Forel, A. 1911e. Ameisen des Herrn Prof. v. Ihering aus Brasilien (Sao Paulo usw.) nebst einigen anderen aus Südamerika und Afrika (Hym.). Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1911: 285-312 (page 293, queen described)
  • Fowler, H. G. 1988b. Taxa of the neotropical grass-cutting ants, Acromyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Attini). Científica (Jaboticabal) 16: 281-295 (page 288, senior synonym of cloosae and planorum)
  • Gonçalves, C. R. 1961. O genero Acromyrmex no Brasil (Hym. Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. 4: 113-180 (page 120, senior synonym of senex)
  • Lapointe, S. L., Serrano, M. S., and Jones, P. G. 1998. Microgeographic and vertical distribution of Acromyrmex landolti (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) nests in a Neotropical savana. Environ. Entomol. 27(3): 636–641.
  • Mann, W. M. 1916. The Stanford Expedition to Brazil, 1911, John C. Branner, Director. The ants of Brazil. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 60: 399-490 (page 453, Combination in Acromyrmex (Moellerius))
  • Verza, S.S., Gervásio, R.C.R.G., Alves e Silva, O.M., Gomes, M.O., Souza, S.A., Mussury, R.M. 2019. Nest structure engineering of the leaf-cutting ant, Acromyrmex landolti, in the semiarid Caatinga biome. Insectes Sociaux ({{doi:10.1007/s00040-019-00738-4}}).