Adelomyrmex biroi

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Adelomyrmex biroi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Adelomyrmex
Species: A. biroi
Binomial name
Adelomyrmex biroi
Emery, 1897

Adelomyrmex biroi casent0178445 profile 1.jpg

Adelomyrmex biroi casent0178445 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Nothing is known about the biology of Adelomyrmex biroi.


Readily separated from most others by sculpture (punctate throughout), teeth number on masticatory border, clypeal teeth absent, angulation of pronotal sides, petiolar shape, propodeal spiracle size, and pilosity on scape. (Fernández 2003)


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 8.0911° to -7.734722222°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: New Caledonia.
Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea (type locality), Palau.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Known only from the worker caste.

Adelomyrmex biroi hef.jpgAdelomyrmex biroi hal.jpgAdelomyrmex biroi had.jpgAdelomyrmex biroi lbs.jpg
. Owned by Museum of Comparative Zoology.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • biroi. Adelomyrmex biroi Emery, 1897c: 590, pl. 15, figs. 35-37 (w.q.) NEW GUINEA (Papua New Guinea).
    • Status as species: Emery, 1924d: 269; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 110; Taylor, 1987a: 5; Bolton, 1995b: 58; Fernández, 2003b: 14 (redescription).

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Fernández (2003) - Measurements (n=2). HL 0.54 HW 0.50 SL 0.34 EL 0.03 WL 0.57 GL 0.65 TL 2.21 CI 92 SI 68.

Head longer than broad, with feebly convex posterior and evenly rounded anterior corners. Mandibles with 4 teeth more or less of same size. Mandibles with distinct tooth in their basal margin, at or near midlength. Palp formula 1, 1 (Bolton, com. per.). Anterior margin of the clypeus without tooth. [Hypostomal tooth not observed]. Mesosoma slightly convex. Metanotal groove deep. Lateral sides of pronotum sharply angulated. Propodeal spiracle rounded, large, away from propodeal margin. Propodeum sloping with two stout short spines directed outward and backward, broadly separated between him. Propodeal lobe subtriangular. Petiole with node long. Head, thorax, petiole and postpetiole with numerous punctures, most separated by at least one puncture diameter; some small areas reticulo-punctated: between frontal carinae, in the center of promesonotal area, dorsal one third of propodeum; roughly sculptured on petiole. Several long and flexuous white hairs on body. Scape with several median suberect hairs, each scape with two long flexuous hairs. Body black, gaster dark brown, legs and antennae lighter.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • CSIRO Collection
  • Emery C. 1897. Formicidarum species novae vel minus cognitae in collectione Musaei Nationalis Hungarici quas in Nova-Guinea, colonia germanica, collegit L. Biró. Természetrajzi Füzetek 20: 571-599.
  • Fernández, F. 2003. Revision of the myrmicinae ants of the Adelomyrmex genus-group. Zootaxa 361: 1-52.
  • Field Museum Collection, Chicago, Illinois (C. Moreau)
  • Janda M., G. D. Alpert, M. L. Borowiec, E. P. Economo, P. Klimes, E. Sarnat, and S. O. Shattuck. 2011. Cheklist of ants described and recorded from New Guinea and associated islands. Available on Accessed on 24th Feb. 2011.
  • Lucky A., E. Sarnat, and L. Alonso. 2011. Ants of the Muller Range, Papua New Guinea, Chapter 10. In Richards, S. J. and Gamui, B. G. (editors). 2013. Rapid Biological Assessments of the Nakanai Mountains and the upper Strickland Basin: surveying the biodiversity of Papua New Guinea’s sublime karst environments. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 60. Conservation International. Arlington, VA.
  • Lucky A., L. E. Alonso, E. Sarnat, and J. Hulr. 2015. Ants and scolytine beetles. In: Richards, S.J. and N. Whitmore (editors) 2015. A rapid biodiversity assessment of Papua New Guinea's Hindenburg Wall region. Wildlife Conservation Society Papua New Guinea Program. Goroka, PNG.
  • Snelling R. R. 1998. Insect Part 1: The social Hymenoptera. In Mack A. L. (Ed.) A Biological Assessment of the Lakekamu Basin, Papua New Guinea, RAP 9. 189 ppages
  • Snelling R. R. 2000. Ants of the Wapoga river area, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. In Mack, Andrew L. and Leeanne E. Alonso (eds.). 2000. A Biological Assessment of the Wapoga River Area of Northwestern Irian Jaya, Indonesia. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 14, Conservation International, Washington, DC.
  • Taylor R. W. 1987. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41: 1-92.
  • Viehmeyer H. 1912. Ameisen aus Deutsch Neuguinea gesammelt von Dr. O. Schlaginhaufen. Nebst einem Verzeichnisse der papuanischen Arten. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königlichen Zoologischen und Anthropologische-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 14: 1-26.
  • Wilson E. O. 1959. Some ecological characteristics of ants in New Guinea rain forests. Ecology 40: 437-447.