Aenictus eugenii

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Aenictus eugenii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Aenictus
Species: A. eugenii
Binomial name
Aenictus eugenii
Emery, 1895

MCZ ENT Aenictus eugenii hal.jpg

MCZ ENT Aenictus eugenii had.jpg

Specimen Label

Subspecies
Synonyms
At a Glance • Ergatoid queen  

 

Santschi (1933) observed these ants tending Pseudococcus lilacinus, one of just a few rare records of an army ant associating with honeydew producing insects.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Kenya, South Africa (type locality), Swaziland.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Ergatoid queen of A. eugenii. From Gotwald & Cunningham-van Sommeren 1976.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • eugenii. Aenictus eugenii Emery, 1895h: 17, pl. 2, figs. 1-4 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA.
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: South Africa: Makapan, i.-iv.1893 (E. Simon).
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • [Misspelled as eugeniae by Arnold, 1915: 139, and others.]
    • Gotwald & Cunningham-Van Someren, 1976: 183 (q.).
    • Status as species: Emery, 1895j: 747; Wasmann, 1904b: 676; Emery, 1910b: 31; Forel, 1911e: 255; Arnold, 1915: 139 (redescription); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 752; Prins, 1963: 97; Gotwald & Cunningham-Van Someren, 1976: 183; Bolton, 1995b: 59; Hita Garcia, et al. 2013: 201.
    • Senior synonym of kenyensis: Gotwald & Cunningham-Van Someren, 1976: 183; Bolton, 1995b: 59.
    • Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, South Africa, Zimbabwe.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus caroli, henrii.
  • kenyensis. Aenictus eugeniae var. kenyensis Santschi, 1933b: 100 (w.) KENYA.
    • Type-material: 15 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: Kenya: Kiambou, 27.ii.1929, no. 180, attending Pseudococcus lilacinus (Le Pelley).
    • Type-depositories: BMNH, NHMB.
    • Junior synonym of eugenii: Gotwald & Cunningham-Van Someren, 1976: 183; Bolton, 1995b: 60.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Emery 1895i, page 17
Emery 1895i, page 18

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Arnold G. 1915. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part I. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14: 1-159.
  • Baroni Urbani C. 1977. Katalog der Typen von Formicidae (Hymenoptera) der Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Basel (2. Teil). Mitt. Entomol. Ges. Basel (n.s.) 27: 61-102.
  • Borowiec M. L. 2016. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dorylinae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 608: 1–280.
  • Forel A. 1911. Die Ameisen des K. Zoologischen Museums in München. Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Kl. K. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Münch. 11: 249-303.
  • Gotwald W. H., Jr.; Cunningham-van Someren, G. R. 1976. Taxonomic and behavioral notes on the African ant, Aenictus eugenii Emery, with a description of the queen (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 84:182-188.
  • Gotwald, W. H., Jr.; Cunningham-van Someren, G. R. 1976. Taxonomic and behavioral notes on the African ant, Aenictus eugenii Emery, with a description of the queen (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 84:182-188.
  • Hita Garcia F., E. Wiesel, G. Fischer. 2013. The ants of Kenya (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)—faunal overview, first species checklist, bibliography, accounts for all genera, and discussion on taxonomy and zoogeography. Journal of East African Natural History 101: 127-222.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Prins A. J. 1963. A list of the ants collected in the Kruger National Park with notes on their distribution. Koedoe 6: 91-108.
  • Prins A. J. 1964. Revised list of the ants collected in the Kruger National Park. Koedoe 7: 77-93.
  • Santschi F. 1933. Contribution à l'étude des fourmis de l'Afrique tropicale. Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 73: 95-108.
  • Ward P. S. 2007. The ant genus Leptanilloides: discovery of the male and evaluation of phylogenetic relationships based on DNA sequence data. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80: 637-649.