Ant Genomes

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
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The following species have had their entire genomes sequenced and published.

The following species are currently being sequenced (check BGI for progress).

For initial thoughts on these sequences see Alex Wild's blog (Reflections and Breaking News).

For further details see:

A list of species currently being sequenced or proposed to be sequenced can be found at the BGI website.


  • Branstetter, M. G., A. K. Childers, D. Cox-Foster, K. R. Hopper, K. M. Kapheim, A. L. Toth, and K. C. Worley. 2018. Genomes of the Hymenoptera. Current Opinion in Insect Science. 25:65-75. doi:10.1016/j.cois.2017.11.008
  • Favreau, E., C. Martinez-Ruiz, L. R. Santiago, R. L. Hammond, and Y. Wurm. 2018. Genes and genomic processes underpinning the social lives of ants. Current Opinion in Insect Science. 25:83-90. doi:10.1016/j.cois.2017.12.001
  • Nygaard, S. and Y. Wurm. 2015. Ant genomics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): challenges to overcome and opportunities to seize. Myrmecological News. 21:59-72.
  1. Sanne Nygaard, Guojie Zhang, Morten Schiøtt, Cai Li, Yannick Wurm, Haofu Hu, Jiajian Zhou, Lu Ji, Feng Qiu, Morten Rasmussen, Hailin Pan, Frank Hauser, Anders Krogh, Cornelis J.P. Grimmelikhuijzen, Jun Wang and Jacobus J. Boomsma (2011) The genome of the leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex echinatior suggests key adaptations to advanced social life and fungus farming. Genome Research (
  2. Suen G, Teiling C, Li L, Holt C, Abouheif E, et al. (2011) The Genome Sequence of the Leaf-Cutter Ant Atta cephalotes Reveals Insights into Its Obligate Symbiotic Lifestyle. PLoS Genet 7(2): e1002007. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1002007
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bonasio, B., Zhang, G., et al. (2010) Genomic Comparison of the Ants Camponotus floridanus and Harpegnathos saltator. Science, 2010: 329 (5995): 1068-1071 DOI: 10.1126/science.1192428
  4. Smith, C. D. et al. (2011) Draft genome of the globally widespread and invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile). PNAS published ahead of print January 31, 2011, doi:10.1073/pnas.1008617108
  5. Smith, C. R. et al. (2011) Draft genome of the red harvester ant Pogonomyrmex barbatus. PNAS published ahead of print January 31, 2011, doi:10.1073/pnas.1007901108
  6. Wurm, Y. et al. (2011) The genome of the fire ant Solenopsis invicta. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Apr 2011, 108 (14) 5679-5684; doi:10.1073/pnas.1009690108