Aphaenogaster araneoides

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Aphaenogaster araneoides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species: A. araneoides
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster araneoides
Emery, 1890

Aphaenogaster araneoides casent0102145 profile 1.jpg

Aphaenogaster araneoides casent0102145 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

At a Glance • Ergatoid queen  


Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 15.26875° to 8.451524°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica (type locality), El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Longino & Cover (2004) reported that queens are ergatoid.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • araneoides. Aphaenogaster araneoides Emery, 1890b: 48, pl. 5, fig. 8 (w.) COSTA RICA.
    • Type-material: lectotype worker (by designation of Longino & Cover, 2004: 8); paralectotype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: lectotype Costa Rica: Jiménez, 1889 (A. Alfaro); paralectotypes with same data.
    • [Notes (i): Kempf, 1972a: 23, cited Alajuela as type-locality; (ii) the locality was originally printed as Alajuela, Jiménez, but Longino & Cover, 2004: 8, point out that the actual locality is Jiménez, with Alajuela an assumed mislabel.]
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • [Also described as new by Emery, 1894k: 54.]
    • Borgmeier, 1949: 206 (m.); Longino & Cover, 2004: 8 (ergatoid q.).
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster (Ischnomyrmex): Forel, 1899c: 60;
    • combination in Stenamma (Ischnomyrmex): Forel, 1907e: 4;
    • combination in Aphaenogaster (Deromyrma): Emery, 1915d: 71.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 98; Forel, 1899c: 60; Forel, 1907e: 4; Emery, 1915d: 71; Emery, 1921f: 65; Borgmeier, 1949: 206; Kempf, 1972a: 23; Bolton, 1995b: 68; Longino & Cover, 2004: 8; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012: 257; Mackay & Dash, 2016: 5; Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 202 (redescription).
    • Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.



  • Borgmeier, T. 1949. Formigas novas ou pouco conhecidas de Costa Rica e da Argentina (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 9: 201-210 (page 206, male described)
  • Emery, C. 1890c. Studii sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 22: 38-80 (page 48, pl. 5, fig. f8 worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1894l. Estudios sobre las hormigas de Costa Rica. An. Mus. Nac. Costa Rica 1888- 1889: 45-64 (page 54, also described as new)
  • Emery, C. 1915k. Definizione del genere Aphaenogaster e partizione di esso in sottogeneri. Parapheidole e Novomessor nn. gg. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna Cl. Sci. Fis. (n.s.) 19: 67-75 (page 71, Combination in Aphaenogaster (Deromyrma))
  • Forel, A. 1899e. Formicidae. [part]. Biol. Cent.-Am. Hym. 3: 57-80 (page 60, Combination in Aphaenogaster (Ischnomyrmex))
  • Forel, A. 1907d. Formicides du Musée National Hongrois. Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 5: 1-42 (page 4, Combination in Stenamma)
  • Longino, J. T. and Cover, S. 2004. A revision of the Aphaenogaster phalangium complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Zootaxa 655: 1-12 (page 9, senior synonym of brevicollis)
  • Mackay, W.P., Dash, S.T. 2016. A revision of the phalangium species complex of the ant genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 142: 1-22.
  • McGlynn, T.P., Carr, R.A., Carson, J.H. and Buma, J. (2004) Frequent nest relocation in the ant Aphaenogaster araneoides: resources, competition, and natural enemies. Oikos. 106:611–621.

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Basset Y., L. Cizek, P. Cuenoud, R. K. Didham, F. Guilhaumon, O. Missa, V. Novotny, F. Odegaards, T. Roslin, J. Schmidl et al. 2012. Arthropod diversity in a tropical forest. Science 338(6113): 1481-1484.
  • DeMarco B. B., and A. I. Cognato. 2015. Phylogenetic analysis of Aphaenogaster supports the resurrection of Novomessor (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 1–10.
  • Emery C. 1890. Studii sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 22: 38-8
  • Emery C. 1894. Estudios sobre las hormigas de Costa Rica. Anales del Museo Nacional de Costa Rica 1888-1889: 45-64.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Forel A. 1907. Formiciden aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg. II. Teil. Neueingänge seit 1900. Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hambg. 24: 1-20.
  • INBio Collection (via Gbif)
  • Longino J. T. and Cover S. 2004. A revision of the Aphaenogaster phalangium complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Zootaxa 655: 1-12
  • Longino J. T., and R. K. Colwell. 2011. Density compensation, species composition, and richness of ants on a neotropical elevational gradient. Ecosphere 2(3): 16pp.
  • Longino J. et al. ADMAC project. Accessed on March 24th 2017 at https://sites.google.com/site/admacsite/
  • Mackay W., and S. T. Dash. 2016. A revision of the phalangium species complex of the ant genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Transactions American Entomological Society 142: 1-22.
  • McGlynn, T.P., J.R. Hoover, G.S. Jasper, M.S. Kelly, A.M. Polis, C.M. Spangler and B.J. Watson. 2002. Resource Heterogeneity Affects Demography of the Costa Rican Ant Aphaenogaster Araneoides. Journal of Tropical Ecology 18 (2) :231-244
  • Olson D. M. 1991. A comparison of the efficacy of litter sifting and pitfall traps for sampling leaf litter ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in a tropical wet forest, Costa Rica. Biotropica 23(2): 166-172.
  • Santschi F. 1931. Fourmis de Cuba et de Panama. Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro). 1: 265-282.