Aphaenogaster festae

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Aphaenogaster festae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species group: splendida
Species: A. festae
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster festae
Emery, 1915

Aphaenogaster festae casent0904169 p 1 high.jpg

Aphaenogaster festae casent0904169 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

In Greece, Aphaenogaster festae is a common ant. It nests in various habitats, mostly under stones in unshaded pine forests but has also been observed in suburban areas overgrown by macchia, ruderal areas in tourist resorts and in stream valleys with plane-tree or other deciduous forest stands. These ants are likely nocturnal, as workers have never been observed during the day. The Bulgarian record is the northernmost record in Europe of A. festae (Borowiec et al., 2019).

Photo Gallery

  • Aphaenogaster festae with brood, Israel. Photo by Eran Schnecke, 11.1.2014.
  • Aphaenogaster festae with brood, Israel. Photo by Eran Schnecke, 11.1.2014.
  • Aphaenogaster festae with brood, Israel. Photo by Eran Schnecke, 11.1.2014.
  • Aphaenogaster festae with brood, Israel. Photo by Eran Schnecke, 11.1.2014.


A member of the Aphaenogaster splendida species group (sensu Schulz, 1994; Borowiec et al., 2019).

Keys including this Species


Known from Bulgaria, Greece (East Aegean Islands and Dodecanese) and western Turkey. A record from Iraq of this species requires confirmation (Borowiec, 2014; Borowiec et al., 2019).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Bulgaria, Greece (type locality), Iraq, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • festae. Aphaenogaster splendida subsp. festae Emery, 1915h: 2 (w.) GREECE. Menozzi, 1936d: 270 (q.). Combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Emery, 1921f: 60. Raised to species: Arnol'di, 1976b: 1024 (in key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 53.



  • Agosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987a. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) and a key to the worker caste. I. Synonymic list. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 60: 51-62 (page 53, raised to species)
  • Arnol'di, K. V. 1976b. Review of the genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the USSR. Zool. Zh. 5 55: 1019-1026 (page 1024, raised to species (in key))
  • Borowiec, L., Lapeva-Gjonova, A., Salata, S. 2019. Three Species of Aphaenogaster Mayr, 1853 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) New to the Bulgarian Fauna. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 71(4): 613-616.
  • Emery, C. 1915f. Escursioni zoologiche del Dr. Enrico Festa nell'Isola di Rodi. XII. Formiche. Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. R. Univ. Torino 30(7 701: 1-7 (page 2, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 94: 1-94 + 7 (page 60, combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma))
  • Menozzi, C. 1936b. Nuovi contributi alla conoscenza della fauna delle Isole italiane dell'Egeo. VI. Hymenoptera - Formicidae. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. R. Sc. Super. Agric. 29: 262-311 (page 270, queen described)