Aphaenogaster obsidiana

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Aphaenogaster obsidiana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species group: obsidiana
Species: A. obsidiana
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster obsidiana
(Mayr, 1861)

Aphaenogaster obsidiana casent0280957 p 1 high.jpg

Aphaenogaster obsidiana casent0280957 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


A member of the Aphaenogaster obsidiana-group.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 42.763146° to 38.033333°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Israel, Russian Federation (type locality), Türkiye.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • obsidiana. Atta obsidiana Mayr, 1861: 67 (diagnosis in key) (w.) RUSSIA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Russia: Caucasian Alps (= Caucasus Mts) (V. Motschulsky).
    • Type-depository: NHMW.
    • Ruzsky, 1905b: 725 (q.); Karavaiev, 1926b: 98 (m.).
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29; Ruzsky, 1905b: 723;
    • combination in Stenamma (Aphaenogaster): Ruzsky, 1902d: 26;
    • combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Emery, 1921f: 58.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 29; Mayr, 1863: 396; André, 1874: 196 (in key); Emery & Forel, 1879: 463; André, 1883b: 364 (in key); Nasonov, 1889: 38; Dalla Torre, 1893: 103; Ruzsky, 1902d: 26; Ruzsky, 1905b: 723; Emery, 1908c: 335; Forel, 1913d: 428; Emery, 1921f: 58; Karavaiev, 1926b: 97; Finzi, 1930a: 155; Finzi, 1939c: 153; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 50; Arnol'di, 1976b: 1023 (in key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 536 (in key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 54; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 270 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 71; Petrov, 2006: 90 (in key); Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 137; Karaman, M.G. 2011b: 19; Legakis, 2011: 7; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 465; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 16; Kiran, et al. 2013: 49 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 15; Lebas, et al. 2016: 258.
    • Distribution: Georgia, Israel, Russia, Turkey.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2012. Ants of Greece - Checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus 23(4): 461-563.
  • Dubovikoff D. A., and Z. M. Yusupov. 2018. Family Formicidae - Ants. In Belokobylskij S. A. and A. S. Lelej: Annotated catalogue of the Hymenoptera of Russia. Proceedingss of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 6: 197-210.
  • Finzi B. 1930. Contributo allo studio degli Aphaenogaster paleartici (Formicidae-Myrmicinae). Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 62: 151-156.
  • Ghahari H., and C. A. Collingwood. 2013. A study on the ants (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea: Formicidae) from Western Iran. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica 48 (1): 155–164.
  • Gratiashvili N., Barjadze S. 2008. Checklist of the ants (Formicidae Latreille, 1809) of Georgia. Proceedings of the Institute of Zoology (Tbilisi) 23: 130-146.
  • Karavaiev V. 1926. Beiträge zur Ameisenfauna des Kaukasus, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über andere palaearktische Formen. Konowia 5: 93-109.
  • Kiran K., H. Alipanah, and O. Paknia. 2013. A new species of the ant genus Aphaenogaster Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran. Asian Myrmecology 5: 45-51.
  • Petrov I. Z., and C. A. Collingwood. 1992. Survey of the myrmecofauna (Formicidae, Hymenoptera) of Yugoslavia. Archives of Biological Sciences (Belgrade) 44: 79-91.