Aphaenogaster smythiesii

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Aphaenogaster smythiesii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species: A. smythiesii
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster smythiesii
(Forel, 1902)

Aphaenogaster smythiesii casent0907696 p 1 high.jpg

Aphaenogaster smythiesii casent0907696 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India (type locality), Nepal, Pakistan.
Palaearctic Region: Afghanistan, China, Republic of Korea.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • smythiesii. Stenamma (Aphaenogaster) smythiesii Forel, 1902c: 222 (w.q.m.) INDIA (Uttarakhand; no state data, “Katta-Pum, N.O. Himalaya”, and “Himalaya”).
    • Imai, 1971: 137 (k.); Imai, et al. 1984: 6 (k.).
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster: Bingham, 1903: 276;
    • combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Emery, 1921f: 59.
    • Status as species: Forel, 1903a: 695; Bingham, 1903: 276; Forel, 1904c: 25; Forel, 1906b: 86; Emery, 1908c: 332; Emery, 1921f: 59; Wheeler, W.M. 1928c: 9; Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 101; Mukerjee, 1930: 151; Menozzi, 1939a: 296; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 132; Collingwood, 1961a: 57; Pisarski, 1967: 379; Collingwood, 1970: 374; Arnol'di, 1976b: 1024 (in key); Wang, M., 1992: 679; Wu, J. & Wang, 1992: 1304; Morisita, et al. 1992: 17; Bolton, 1995b: 73; Wu, J. & Wang, 1995: 114; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000: 301; Zhou, 2001b: 144; Zhang, W. & Zheng, 2002: 219; Zhou, 2006: 585; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 40; Bharti, Guénard, et al. 2016: 33.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 11, 2n = 22; 34, karyotype = 20SM+2M; 16M+18A (India; Japan) (Imai, 1969; Imai, 1971; Imai et al., 1984).

References

  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 276, combination in Aphaenogaster)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 73, catalogue)
  • Emery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 94: 1-94 + 7 (page 59, combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma))
  • Forel, A. 1902c. Myrmicinae nouveaux de l'Inde et de Ceylan. Rev. Suisse Zool. 10: 165-249 (page 222, worker, queen, male described)
  • Imai, H. T. 1971. Karyological studies of Japanese ants II. Species differentiation in Aphaenogaster; with special regard to their morphology, distribution and chromosomes. Mushi 44: 137-151 (page 137, see also)
  • Imai, H. T.; Baroni Urbani, C.; Kubota, M.; Sharma, G. P.; Narasimhanna, M. H.; Das, B. C.; 1984. Karyological survey of Indian ants. Jpn. J. Genet. 59: 1-32 (page 6, karyotype described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bharti H., Y. P. Sharma, M. Bharti, and M. Pfeiffer. 2013. Ant species richness, endemicity and functional groups, along an elevational gradient in the Himalayas. Asian Myrmecology 5: 79-101.
  • Bharti H., and Y. P. Sharma. 2009. Diversity and abundance of ants along an elevational gradient in Jammu-Kasmir Himalaya -I. Halteres 1(1): 10-24.
  • Collingwood C. A. 1961. The third Danish Expedition to Central Asia. Zoological Results 27. Formicidae (Insecta) from Afghanistan. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening 123: 51-79.
  • Collingwood C.A. 1970. Formicidae (Hymenopter: Aculeata) of Nepal. Himalaya Khumbu Himal, 3: 371-388.
  • Guo X., Q. Lin, J. Cui, D. Gao, S. Xu, and Z. Sheng. 2014. Biodiversity and spatial distribution patterns of ant species in tea gardens of Chongqing. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1011.2014.31052
  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Hu X., S. Xu, P. Peng, X. Wang, Z. Sheng, Q. Lin, and L. Lu. 2014. Study on Diversity of Family Formicidae in Major Tea Areas of Chongqing. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences 27(1): 136-141.
  • Hu X., S. Xu, P. Peng, X. Wang, Z. Sheng, Q. Lin, and L. Lu. 2014. Study on diversity of family Formicidae in major tea areas of Chongqing. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences 27(1): 136-141.
  • Imai, H. T. 1971. Karyological studies of Japanese ants II. Species differentiation in Aphaenogaster; with special regard to their morphology, distribution and chromosomes. Mushi 44:141-142. [1971-05-05] PDF 126044
  • Imai, H. T. 1971. Karyological studies of Japanese ants II. Species differentiation in Aphaenogaster; with special regard to their morphology, distribution and chromosomes. Mushi 44:141. [1971-05-05] PDF 126044
  • Imai, H. T. 1971. Karyological studies of Japanese ants II. Species differentiation in Aphaenogaster; with special regard to their morphology, distribution and chromosomes. Mushi 44:142. [1971-05-05] PDF 126044
  • Imai, H. T. 1971. Karyological studies of Japanese ants II. Species differentiation in Aphaenogaster; with special regard to their morphology, distribution and chromosomes. Mushi 44:143. [1971-05-05] PDF 126044
  • Kim B.J. 1996. Synonymic list and distribution of Formicidae (Hymenoptera) in Korea. Entomological Research Bulletin Supplement 169-196.
  • Kim B.J., K.G. Kim, J.H. Kim, S.J. Park. Ants from Mt. Mirok. Korean J. Soil Zoology 2(2): 115-128.
  • Kim B.J., S.J. Park, and J.H. Kim. 1996. Ants from Naejangsan national park (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Korean J. Soil. Zoology &(2): 120-133.
  • Li Z.h. 2006. List of Chinese Insects. Volume 4. Sun Yat-sen University Press
  • Liu X. 2012. Taxonomy, diversity and spatial distribution characters of the ant family Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) in southeastern Tibet. PhD Thesis 139 pages
  • Menozzi C. 1939. Formiche dell'Himalaya e del Karakorum raccolte dalla Spedizione italiana comandata da S. A. R. il Duca di Spoleto (1929). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano. 78: 285-345.
  • Pan Y.S. 2007. Systematic Study on the Ant Genera Pheidole Westwood and Aphaenogaster Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formincidae : Myrmicinae) In China. Guangxi Normal University, Guangxi, China. 73 pages.
  • Pisarski B. 1967. Fourmis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) d'Afghanistan récoltées par M. Dr. K. Lindberg. Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 24: 375-425.
  • Rasheed M. T., I. Bodlah, A. G. Fareen, A. A. Wachkoo, X. Huang, and S. A. Akbar. 2019. A checklist of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Pakistan. Sociobiology 66(3): 426-439.
  • Tak N., and S. I. Kazmi. 2013. On some ants (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Nagaland, India. Rec. zool. Surv. India: 113(1): 169-182.
  • Terayama M., and S. Yamane. 1984. Ants of Yaku-shima Island, the northern Ryukyus, with reference to their altitudinal distribution (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Cons. Rep. Yaku-shima Wildness Area, Kyushu, Japan, pp. 643-667. Nat. Cons. Bureau, Env. Agency, Japan.
  • Thapa V. K. 2000. An Inventory of Nepal's Insects, Vol. III. IUCN Nepal, Kathmandu, xi + 475 pp.
  • Yu N., Z. Xu, C. Zhang, J. Chu, B. Yang, and X. Liu. 2011. Distribution patterns of ant species from Mount Sejila, southeastern Tibet. Journal of Beijing Forestry University 33(5): 75-80.
  • Yu N., Z. Xu, C. Zhang, J. Chu, B. Yang, and X. Liu. 2011. Distribution patterns of ant species from mount Sejila, southeastern Tibet. Journal of Beijing Forestry University 33(5): 75-80
  • Zhou S.-Y. 2001. Ants of Guangxi. Guangxi Normal University Press, Guilin, China, Guilin, China. 255 pp.