Aphaenogaster subterranea

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Aphaenogaster subterranea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species: A. subterranea
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster subterranea
(Latreille, 1798)

Aphaenogaster subterranea casent0172716 profile 1.jpg

Aphaenogaster subterranea casent0172716 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

This species is common and widespread in central and southern Italy. It is a ground-nesting ant chiefly inhabiting deciduous forests (Rigato & Toni, 2011). Bracko et al. (2018) noted this ant, described from France, has been recorded from most of the western Palearctic Region and is likely a cryptic species complex. Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran on soil in a Caspian moist littoral area.


A member of the Aphaenogaster subterranea-group.

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Balearic Islands, Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (type locality), Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Iran, Italy, Malta, Montenegro, Poland, Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb







The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • subterranea. Formica subterranea Latreille, 1798: 49 (w.q.m.) FRANCE. Latreille, 1802a: 220 (q.m.); Hauschteck, 1962: 219 (k.). Combination in Manica: Jurine, 1807: 279; in Atta: Mayr, 1855: 460; in Myrmica: Nylander, 1856b: 85; in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29; in Stenamma (Aphaenogaster): Emery, 1895c: 301; in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Emery, 1915d: 70. See also: Emery, 1908c: 326; Stitz, 1939: 113; Bernard, 1967: 134; Kutter, 1977c: 80; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 111.

Type Material

  • Neotype (designated by Galkowski et al., 2019), worker, Brive, 210m, France, 45°10′08″N 1°30′00″E / 45.169°N 1.500°E / 45.169; 1.500, 2 July 2008, Galkowski, C., Aubert, C., Blatrix, R., Musee National d'Histoire Naturelle; forest edge.
  • Nine workers from the same nest, designated as "paraneotypes", are deposited at MNHN, from which a new neotype could easily be designated in case of loss or destruction of the neotype. Ten workers of this same nest have also been deposited at the Senckenberg Museum für Naturkunde of Görlitz, Germany.



  • n = 11, 2n = 22 (Germany; Switzerland) (Hauschteck, 1962; Hauschteck-Jungen & Jungen, 1983).