Aphaenogaster subterranea

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Aphaenogaster subterranea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species: A. subterranea
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster subterranea
(Latreille, 1798)

Aphaenogaster subterranea casent0172716 profile 1.jpg

Aphaenogaster subterranea casent0172716 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

This species is common and widespread in central and southern Italy. It is a ground-nesting ant chiefly inhabiting deciduous forests (Rigato & Toni, 2011). Bracko et al. (2018) noted this ant, described from France, has been recorded from most of the western Palearctic Region and is likely a cryptic species complex. Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran on soil in a Caspian moist littoral area.

Identification

A member of the Aphaenogaster subterranea-group.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Balearic Islands, Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (type locality), Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Iran, Italy, Malta, Montenegro, Poland, Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Life History Traits

  • Queen number: monogynous (Frumhoff & Ward, 1992)
  • Queen type: winged (Frumhoff & Ward, 1992) (queenless worker reproduction)

Castes

Worker

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • subterranea. Formica subteranea Latreille, 1798: 49 (w.q.m.) FRANCE.
    • [Justified emendation of spelling to subterranea: Latreille, 1802c: 219.]
    • Latreille, 1802c: 220 (q.m.); Hauschteck, 1962: 219 (k.).
    • Combination in Manica: Jurine, 1807: 279;
    • combination in Myrmica: Latreille, 1809: 131; Leach, 1815: 147; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 180;
    • combination in Atta: Mayr, 1855: 460; Smith, F. 1858b: 162;
    • combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29;
    • combination in Stenamma (Aphaenogaster): Emery, 1895c: 301;
    • combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Emery, 1915d: 70.
    • Status as species: Latreille, 1802c: 219; Walckenaer, 1802: 164; Jurine, 1807: 279; Latreille, 1809: 131; Leach, 1815: 147; Lamarck, 1817: 97; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 180; Schilling, 1839: 55; Schenck, 1852: 110; Mayr, 1855: 460 (redescription); Nylander, 1856b: 85; Gredler, 1858: 30; Smith, F. 1858b: 162; Mayr, 1861: 67 (in key); Roger, 1863b: 29; Mayr, 1863: 397; Dours, 1873: 167; Forel, 1874: 74 (in key); André, 1874: 197 (in key); Emery, 1878a: x (in list); Emery, 1878b: 55; Emery & Forel, 1879: 462; André, 1883b: 359 (in key); Costa, 1883: 60; Emery, 1884a: 382 (footnote); Forel, 1886e: clxviii; Forel, 1889: 257; Nasonov, 1889: 38; Forel, 1890a: lxx; Emery, 1891b: 7; Forel, 1892i: 315; Lameere, 1892: 67; Dalla Torre, 1893: 106; Medina, 1893: 105; Emery, 1895b: 71; Ruzsky, 1896: 74; Emery, 1898c: 139; Ruzsky, 1902d: 26; Forel, 1904f: 425; Ruzsky, 1905b: 714; Wasmann, 1906: 118; Emery, 1908c: 326; Emery, 1908d: 23; Bondroit, 1910: 495; Krausse, 1912b: 163; Stitz, 1914: 68; Emery, 1914d: 156; Forel, 1915d: 36 (in key); Wheeler, W.M. 1915b: 411; Emery, 1916b: 129; Escherich, 1917: 327; Menozzi, 1918: 82; Bondroit, 1918: 158; Santschi, 1919e: 245; Emery, 1921f: 60; Menozzi, 1921: 25; Menozzi, 1922b: 325; Soudek, 1922: 33; Müller, 1923a: 68 (in key); Müller, 1923b: 51; Finzi, 1923: 3; Finzi, 1924a: 13; Soudek, 1925b: 15; Donisthorpe, 1926a: 6; Karavaiev, 1926b: 96; Stärcke, 1926: 88 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927a: 285; Kutter, 1927: 98; Menozzi, 1927b: 90; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b: 45; Finzi, 1930a: 154; Finzi, 1930d: 312; Gösswald, 1932: 73; Finzi, 1933: 162; Grandi, 1935: 99; Zimmermann, 1935: 12; Stitz, 1939: 113; Novák & Sadil, 1941: 81 (in key); van Boven, 1947: 174 (in key); Arnol'di, 1948: 211 (in list); Donisthorpe, 1950e: 1059; Creighton, 1950a: 149; Consani & Zangheri, 1952: 40; Ceballos, 1956: 298; Bernard, 1959: 345; Collingwood, 1962: 222; Baroni Urbani, 1964b: 30; Bernard, 1967: 134 (redescription); Kutter, 1968a: 59; Baroni Urbani, 1969a: 326; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 59; Cagniant, 1970a: 414; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 54; Collingwood, 1971: 159; Baroni Urbani, 1974: 226; Pisarski, 1975: 16; Arnol'di, 1976b: 1023 (in key); Aktaç, 1977: 120; van Boven, 1977: 87; Kutter, 1977c: 80; Collingwood, 1978: 79 (in key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 536 (in key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 54; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 270 (in key); Kugler, J. 1988: 256; Le Moli & Rosi, 1991: 30; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 111; Arakelian, 1994: 32; Schulz, A. 1994a: 424; Bolton, 1995b: 73; Mei, 1995: 761; Poldi, et al. 1995: 3; Espadaler, 1997b: 29; Gallé, et al. 1998: 214; Czechowski, et al. 2002: 35; Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 77; Markó & Csösz, 2002: 116; Karaman, M.G. & Karaman, 2003: 41; Karaman, G.S. & Karaman, 2005: 54; Bračko, 2006: 135; Markó, Sipos, et al. 2006: 69; Petrov, 2006: 91 (in key); Bračko, 2007: 17; Seifert, 2007: 212; Werner & Wiezik, 2007: 140; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 137; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 487; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 13; Boer, 2010: 60; Csösz, et al. 2011: 56; Karaman, M.G. 2011b: 19; Legakis, 2011: 8; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 467; Czechowski, et al. 2012: 117; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 40; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 17; Borowiec, L. 2014: 19 (see note in bibliography); Bračko, et al. 2014: 13; Lebas, et al. 2016: 264; Radchenko, 2016: 166; Gómez, et al. 2018: 221 (in key); Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 42; Seifert, 2018: 175 Galkowsky, et al. 2019: 422 (redescription).

Type Material

  • Neotype (designated by Galkowski et al., 2019), worker, Brive, 210m, France, 45°10′08″N 1°30′00″E / 45.169°N 1.500°E / 45.169; 1.500, 2 July 2008, Galkowski, C., Aubert, C., Blatrix, R., Musee National d'Histoire Naturelle; forest edge.
  • Nine workers from the same nest, designated as "paraneotypes", are deposited at MNHN, from which a new neotype could easily be designated in case of loss or destruction of the neotype. Ten workers of this same nest have also been deposited at the Senckenberg Museum für Naturkunde of Görlitz, Germany.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 11, 2n = 22 (Germany; Switzerland) (Hauschteck, 1962; Hauschteck-Jungen & Jungen, 1983).

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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