Azteca sericea is known from Mexico and Guatemala, where it is associated with myrmecophytic orchids. (Longino 2007)
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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Dejain et al. (2018) found this species nesting in Aechmea bracteata, a large tank bromeliad (leaves ca. 1-m-long; inflorescences up to 1.7-m-long). Each plant forms numerous shoots, with each bearing multiple reservoirs within their leaves and a central dry cavity where ants can nest. Other ants were also found, and both the presence of ants and the ant species present was found to be correlated with changes in the aquatic macroinvertebrate communities within the plants' reservoirs. Azteca sericea was found in 13 of the 92 plants sampled. The study was carried out in an inundated forest dominated by 10-m-tall Metopium brownei (Anacardiaceae). This forest was located in southern Quintana Roo, Mexico (18.42678 N; 88.80438 W; 120 meters a.s.l).
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- sericea. Iridomyrmex sericeus Mayr, 1866a: 498, pl. fig. 8 (w.) MEXICO. Wheeler, W.M. 1942: 239 (q.). Combination in Azteca: Forel, 1878: 384. Junior synonym of instabilis: Mayr, 1878: 870. Revived from synonymy: Emery, 1893b: 134. Senior synonym of mexicana: Longino, 2007: 61.
- mexicana. Azteca instabilis var. mexicana Emery, 1896b: 3 (w.) MEXICO. Junior synonym of sericea: Longino, 2007: 61.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Longino (2007) - Syntype workers: Mexico, in pseudobulbs of Schomburgkia tibicinus (Heller) Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna (examined).
- Dejean, A., A. Compin, M. Leponce, F. Azemar, C. Bonhomme, S. Talaga, L. Pelozuelo, Y. Henaut, and B. Corbara. 2018. Ants impact the composition of the aquatic macroinvertebrate communities of a myrmecophytic tank bromeliad. Comptes Rendus Biologies. 341:200-207. doi:10.1016/j.crvi.2018.02.003
- Emery, C. 1893l. Studio monografico sul genere Azteca Forel. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (5)3:119-152 (page 134, revived from synonymy)
- Forel, A. 1878c. Études myrmécologiques en 1878 (première partie) avec l'anatomie du gésier des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 15: 337-392 (page 384, combination in Azteca)
- Longino, J.T. 2007. A taxonomic review of the genus Azteca in Costa Rica and a global revision of the aurita group. Zootaxa. 1491:1-63.
- Mayr, G. 1866a. Myrmecologische Beiträge. Sitzungsber. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. Abt. I 53: 484-517 (page 498, pl. fig. 8 worker described)
- Mayr, G. 1878 . Formiciden gesammelt in Brasilien von Professor Trail. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 27: 867-878 (page 870, junior synonym of instabilis)
- Wheeler, W. M. 1942. Studies of Neotropical ant-plants and their ants. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 90: 1-262 (page 239, queen described)