Azteca trigona

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Azteca trigona
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Genus: Azteca
Species: A. trigona
Binomial name
Azteca trigona
Emery, 1893

Azteca trigona casent0249553 p 1 high.jpg

Azteca trigona casent0249553 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels



A member of the Azteca trigona group. See the group page and keys for identification information.


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • trigona. Azteca trigona Emery, 1893b: 146, pl. 2, figs. 79, 80 (q.) BRAZIL. Emery, 1896b: 3 (w.); Forel, 1907e: 8 (m.). Senior synonym of festai: Forel, 1906d: 237. Current subspecies: nominal plus gaigei, mathildae, mediops, subdentata.
  • festai. Azteca festai Emery, 1896b: 4, fig. 3 (w.) PANAMA. Forel, 1899c: 118 (s.). Junior synonym of trigona: Forel, 1906d: 237.



  • 2n = 28, karyotype = 10M+4SM+14ST (Brazil) (Cardoso et al., 2012b).


  • Adams, E. S. 1994. Territory defense by the ant Azteca trigona: maintenance of an arboreal ant mosaic. Oecologia (Berlin) 97:203-208. [1994-03] PDF
  • Emery, C. 1893l. Studio monografico sul genere Azteca Forel. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (5)3:119-152 (page 146, pl. 2, figs. 79, 80 queen described)
  • Emery, C. 1896b. Alcune forme nuove del genere Azteca For. e note biologiche. Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. R. Univ. Torino 11(2 230: 1-7 (page 3, worker described)
  • Forel, A. 1906d. Fourmis néotropiques nouvelles ou peu connues. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 50: 225-249 (page 237, senior synonym of festai)
  • Forel, A. 1907h. Formiciden aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg. II. Teil. Neueingänge seit 1900. Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hambg. 24: 1-20 (page 8, male described)