Belonopelta darwinii indica Emery

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Belonopelta darwini indica
Scientific classification (junior synonym of Parvaponera darwinii)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Parvaponera
Species: Belonopelta darwini indica
Emery, 1899

This taxon is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Parvaponera darwinii.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • indica. Belonopelta darwini var. indica Emery, 1899f: 268 (footnote) (q.) MYANMAR.
    • Type-material: holotype queen.
    • Type-locality: Myanmar: “Alta Birmania” (Doherty).
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • Combination in Pachycondyla (Pseudoponera): Emery, 1901a: 46;
    • combination in Euponera (Pseudoponera): Forel, 1901f: 343;
    • combination in Pseudoponera: Bingham, 1903: 93;
    • combination in Euponera (Trachymesopus): Emery, 1911d: 86;
    • combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 306;
    • combination in Parvaponera: Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, 2014: 200.
    • Subspecies of dawinii: Forel, 1901f: 343; Forel, 1901h: 46; Forel, 1911a: 23; Forel, 1911d: 382; Emery, 1911d: 86; Forel, 1913f: 184; Forel, 1913k: 8; Viehmeyer, 1916a: 114; Viehmeyer, 1916b: 284; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 56; Wheeler, W.M. 1923b: 1; Wheeler, W.M. & Chapman, 1925: 68; Santschi, 1928h: 122; Wheeler, W.M. 1929g: 59; Wheeler, W.M. 1930h: 60; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 65; Baltazar, 1966: 244; Bolton, 1995b: 306; Pfeiffer, et al. 2011: 57.
    • Junior synonym of darwinii: Lin & Wu, 2003: 68; Teryama, 2009: 104.


  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 93, Combination in Pseudoponera)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1995a. [Untitled. Taxonomic changes in Pachycondyla attributed to Brown.] Pp. 302-311 in: Bolton, B. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 306, Combination in Pachycondyla)
  • Emery, C. 1899e. Formiche di Madagascar raccolte dal Sig. A. Mocquerys nei pressi della Baia di Antongil (1897-1898). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 31: 263-290 (page 268, queen described)
  • Emery, C. 1901b. Notes sur les sous-familles des Dorylines et Ponérines (Famille des Formicides). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 45: 32-54 (page 46, Combination in Pachycondyla (Pseudoponera))
  • Emery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 86, Combination in Euponera (Trachymesopus), Senior synonym of indica)
  • Forel, A. 1901j. Variétés myrmécologiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 45: 334-382 (page 343, Combination in Euponera (Pseudoponera))
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1).