Bothroponera tesseronoda

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Bothroponera tesseronoda
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Bothroponera
Species: B. tesseronoda
Binomial name
Bothroponera tesseronoda
(Emery, 1877)

Bothroponera tesseronoda casent0915675 p 1 high.jpg

Bothroponera tesseronoda casent0915675 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

At a Glance • Gamergate  • Tandem running  

 

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India (type locality), Sri Lanka.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Gamergates are the normal reproductives in this species. Colonies (n = 9) consisted of 102 (± SD 28) workers on average, with one to eight gamergates (inseminated and egg-laying workers) per colony (Ito 2010).

Association with Other Organisms

  • This species is a prey for the tiger beetle Cicindela whithilli (a predator) in Western Ghats, India (Sinu et al., 2006).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • tesseronoda. Ponera tesseronoda Emery, 1877b: 368 (w.) INDIA (West Bengal).
    • [Misspelled as tesserinoda by Mayr, 1879: 663, Dalla Torre, 1893: 37, Emery, 1893f: 242, and many others.]
    • Forel, 1900d: 325 (m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976a: 46 (l.).
    • Combination in Pachycondyla (Bothroponera): Emery, 1901a: 46;
    • combination in Bothroponera: Forel, 1891b: 124; Joma & Mackay, 2013: 2; Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, 2014: 77.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1879: 663 (redescription); Forel, 1885b: 177; Mayr, 1897: 424; Dalla Torre, 1893: 37; Emery, 1893f: 242; Forel, 1900d: 325; Emery, 1901f: 113; Rothney, 1903: 96; Bingham, 1903: 97; Forel, 1906b: 91; Forel, 1907a: 6; Forel, 1908a: 1; Emery, 1911d: 78; Forel, 1911i: 216; Forel, 1913k: 7; Menozzi, 1939a: 328; Teranishi, 1940: 66; Donisthorpe, 1942d: 449; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 51; Maschwitz, et al. 1974: 113; Bolton, 1995b: 310; Tiwari, 1999: 28; Bharti, Guénard, et al. 2016: 49.

Description

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
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  • Dias R. K. S. 2002. Current knowledge on ants of Sri Lanka. ANeT Newsletter 4: 17- 21.
  • Dias R. K. S. 2013. Diversity and importance of soil-dweeling ants. Proceedings of the National Symposium on Soil Biodiversity, chapt 4, pp 19-22.
  • Dias R. K. S., H. P. G. R. C. Ruchirani, K. R. K. A. Kosgamage, and H. A. W. S. Peiris. 2013. Frequency of nest occurrence and nest density of Aneuretus simoni Emery (Sri Lankan Relict Ant) and other ant fauna in an abandoned rubber plantation (Kirikanda Forest) in southwest Sri Lanka. Asian Myrmecology 5: 59-67.
  • Dias R. K. S., K. R. K. A. Kosgamage, and H. A. W. S. Peiris. 2012. The Taxonomy and Conservation Status of Ants (Order: Hymenoptera, Family: Formicidae) in Sri Lanka. In: The National Red List 2012 of Sri Lanka; Conservation Status of the Fauna and Flora. Weerakoon, D.K. & S. Wijesundara Eds., Ministry of Environment, Colombo, Sri Lanka. p11-19.
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  • Dias R. K. S., and W. S. Udayakantha. 2016. Discovery of the Sri Lankan Relict Ant, Aneuretus simoni Emery (Formicidae, Aneuretinae) and the nest density of the species in a selected region of Meethirigala Forest Reserve, Sri Lanka. Asian Myrmecology 8: 1-8. DOI: 10.20362/am.008005
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  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
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  • Forel, A. 1908. Fourmis de Ceylan et d'Égypte récoltées par le Prof. E. Bugnion. Lasius carniolicus. Fourmis de Kerguelen. Pseudandrie? Strongylognathus testaceus. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 44: 1-22
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