Camponotus compressus

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Camponotus compressus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. compressus
Binomial name
Camponotus compressus
(Fabricius, 1787)

Camponotus compressus casent0249972 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus compressus casent0249972 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


This ant has been observed tending larvae of Lampides boeticus (Obregon et al. 2015).

At a Glance • Tandem running  • Limited invasive  

Photo Gallery

  • Camponotus compressus queen with a small batch of eggs in an artificial nest, India. Photo by Manoj Vembayam.
  • Membaracid bugs and Camponotus compressus. Membaracids are tended and protetcted by these ants. The membracids feed on plant fluids and upon stimulation by ants extrude a nectar which the then ants feed on. Trivandrum, Kerala, India. Photo by Kalesh Sadasivan.
  • Camponotus compressus minor worker carrying a termite dealate. Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India. Photo by Yathumon M A.


Keys including this Species


Records from Cyprus need confirmation and are probably based on misidentification with Camponotus baldaccii (Borowiec, 2014).

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 36.376515° to 2.547988°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: United Arab Emirates.
Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines.
Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India (type locality), Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.
Palaearctic Region: Canary Islands, China, Liechtenstein, Türkiye.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Bodlah et al. (2017) found Camponotus compressus and Lepisiota sericea to be associated with the psyllid Trioza fletcheri minor on the tree Terminalis arjuna in areas around Pothwar, Pakistan.

Bingham (1903) discussed this species as tending and keeping ant-cattle. Sharma and Sundararaj (2011) reported it as to be associated with Coccids and Membracids from India. Nettimi and Iyer (2015) studied patch fidelity in Camponotus compressus ants foraging on honeydew secreted by the tree-hopper Oxyrachis tarandus. Krishna Ayyar (1935) mentioned its economic importance and its symbiotic association with a host of mealybugs, scale-insects, aphids, Fulgorids, Psyllids, Membracids and Lycaenid caterpillars on a variety of cultivated crops, ornamental plants, trees and shrubs. Kataria and Kumar (2013) reported it as to be mutually associated with many species of aphids on various plants from India.

Association with Other Organisms

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This species is a host for the chalcid wasp Epitranus chilkaensis (a parasite) (Narendran, 1989; Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (primary host).

This species is associated with the aphids Aphis craccivora, Aphis fabae, Aphis fabae, Aphis gossypii, Aphis nerii, Aphis punicae, Aulacorthum solani, Brachycaudus cardui, Eriosoma lanigerum, Lipaphis erysimi, Myzus ornatus, Myzus persicae, Phorodon cannabis, Rhopalosiphum padi, Schizaphis graminum, Sitobion avenae and Uroleucon carthami (Gull-E-Fareen et al., 2020; Lokeshwari et al., 2015; Kataria & Kumar, 2013; Rakhshan & Ahmad, 2015; Verghese & Tandon, 1987; Saddiqui et al., 2019 and included references).

Sharma (1981) observed Camponotus irritans preying on C. compressus.



. Owned by Museum of Comparative Zoology.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • compressus. Formica compressa Fabricius, 1787: 307 (w.) INDIA (Tamil Nadu, “Habitat Tranquebariae”).
    • Smith, F. 1858b: 14 (q.m.); Kumbkarni, 1965: 305 (k.).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 2;
    • combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 98;
    • combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Santschi, 1929g: 165.
    • Subspecies of rubripes: Forel, 1886f: 143, 150; Emery, 1889b: 510.
    • Subspecies of maculatus: Forel, 1892j: 240; Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 226, 241 (footnote); Emery, 1895k: 477; Emery, 1896d: 371 (in list); Emery, 1901f: 121; Ruzsky, 1905b: 206; Forel, 1907a: 31; Forel, 1909e: 396; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 108; Teranishi, 1940: 68.
    • Status as species: Gmelin, 1790: 2797; Olivier, 1792: 491; Fabricius, 1793: 350; Latreille, 1802c: 111; Fabricius, 1804: 396; Latreille, 1809: 126; Lamarck, 1817: 95; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 214; Smith, F. 1857a: 53; Smith, F. 1858b: 13; Smith, F. 1861a: 32; Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 398; Smith, F. 1865: 68; Mayr, 1865: 33; Smith, F. 1871a: 303; Smith, F. 1873: viii; Forel, 1879a: 89; André, 1882a: 144 (in key); Rothney, 1889: 348; Dalla Torre, 1893: 225; Rothney, 1903: 99; Bingham, 1903: 351; Emery, 1920c: 6, 10 (in key); Stitz, 1925: 124; Emery, 1925b: 98; Arnold, 1926: 294; Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 114; Santschi, 1929g: 165; Mukerjee, 1930: 158; Mukerjee, 1934: 9; Finzi, 1936: 189; Santschi, 1936c: 207; Santschi, 1939d: 78; Finzi, 1940: 163; Donisthorpe, 1942d: 458; Donisthorpe, 1943b: 203; Bernard, 1950b: 292; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 244; Baltazar, 1966: 273; Pisarski, 1967: 414; Collingwood, 1970: 381; Pisarski, 1970: 322; Bolton, 1995b: 93; Tang, J., Li, et al. 1995: 115; Radchenko, 1996b: 1201 (in key); Collingwood, Tigar & Agosti, 1997: 510; Radchenko, 1997d: 807; Tiwari, 1999: 69; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000: 353; Ghosh, et al. 2005: 12; Karmaly & Narendran, 2006: 57; Mohanraj, et al. 2010: 6; Collingwood, et al. 2011: 448; Pfeiffer, et al. 2011: 36; Ran & Zhou, 2011: 67; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 473; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 28; Bharti & Wachkoo, 2014a: 8 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 29 (see note in bibliography); Bharti, Guénard, et al. 2016: 24.
    • Senior synonym of callida: Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 398; Mayr, 1865: 33; Forel, 1886f: 143; Forel, 1892j: 240; Emery, 1925b: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 93.
    • Senior synonym of indefessa: Jerdon, 1851: 119; Jerdon, 1854b: 103; Smith, F. 1858b: 14; Mayr, 1863: 398; Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1865: 33; Forel, 1886f: 143; Forel, 1892j: 240; Dalla Torre, 1893: 225; Emery, 1896d: 371; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 108; Emery, 1925b: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 93.
    • Senior synonym of quadrilaterus: Forel, 1892j: 240; Dalla Torre, 1893: 226; Emery, 1896d: 371; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 108; Emery, 1925b: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 93.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus bernardi, martensi, occipitalis, probativus, rectinotus.
  • callida. Formica callida Smith, F. 1858b: 18 (w.) INDIA (no state data, “India (Deccan)”).
    • [Note: the Deccan Plateau extends over several Indian states.]
    • Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 2.
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1871a: 304.
    • Junior synonym of variegatus: Mayr, 1863: 401.
    • Junior synonym of ardens: Mayr, 1886c: 353.
    • Junior synonym of angusticollis: Dalla Torre, 1893: 221; Emery, 1896d: 370; Bingham, 1903: 366; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 106; Tiwari, 1999: 68 (error) ; Karmaly & Narendran, 2006: 38 (error).
    • Junior synonym of compressus: Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 398; Mayr, 1865: 33; Forel, 1886f: 143; Forel, 1892j: 240; Emery, 1925b: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 90.
  • indefessa. Formica indefessa Sykes, 1835: 104, pl. 13, fig. 6 (w.q.) INDIA (Maharashtra).
    • Junior synonym of compressus: Jerdon, 1851: 119; Jerdon, 1854b: 103; Smith, F. 1858b: 14; Mayr, 1863: 398; Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1865: 33; Forel, 1886f: 143; Forel, 1892j: 240; Dalla Torre, 1893: 225; Emery, 1896d: 371; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 108; Emery, 1925b: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 104.
  • quadrilaterus. Camponotus quadrilaterus Roger, 1863a: 136 (w.) INDIA (Puducherry).
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 459; Smith, F. 1871a: 306.
    • Junior synonym of compressus: Forel, 1892j: 240; Dalla Torre, 1893: 226; Emery, 1896d: 371; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 108; Emery, 1925b: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 119.



  • n = 10; 20, 2n = 40 (India; Tunisia) (Hauschteck-Jungen & Jungen, 1983; Kumbkarni, 1965) (Lorite and Palomeque 2010 states some issues about the identification/sampling location).


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