Camponotus depressus

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Camponotus depressus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. depressus
Binomial name
Camponotus depressus
Mayr, 1866

Camponotus depressus casent0173410 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus depressus casent0173411 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Camponotus depressus selectively nests in dead bamboo occurring from Amazonia, Brazil south to Paraguay (Davidson et al., 2006). This ant is not an obligate bamboo nester. De Oliveira et al. (2015) found a colony opportunistically nesting in a Cecropia saxatilis tree (southwest Bahia, Brazil).

At a Glance • Bamboo Specialist  




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality), Paraguay.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


C. depressus may be tied to dead bamboo because it provides superior nest sites, or by nutritional dependency on prodigious wound exudates produced at sites of insect damage to growing culm tips (Davidson et al., 2006). Such strict reliance on nests in dead bamboo has not been reported in Asian bamboo ants.



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • depressus. Camponotus depressus Mayr, 1866a: 487, pl., fig. 1 (w.) BRAZIL. Menozzi, 1925b: 371 (q.). Combination in C. (Myrmomalis): Forel, 1914a: 263.



  • Davidson, D.W., Arias, J.A., Mann, J. 2006. An experimental study of bamboo ants in western Amazonia. Insectes Sociaux 53, 108–114 (doi:10.1007/s00040-005-0843-8).
  • Forel, A. 1914a. Le genre Camponotus Mayr et les genres voisins. Rev. Suisse Zool. 22: 257-276 (page 263, combination in C. (Myrmomalis))
  • Leite, G.A., Pinheiro, R.T. et al. 2013. Foraging behavior of Kaempfer's Woodpecker (Celeus obrieni), a bamboo specialist. The Condor 115: 221-229 (DOI 10.1525/cond.2013.120062).
  • Mayr, G. 1866a. Myrmecologische Beiträge. Sitzungsber. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. Abt. I 53: 484-517 (page 487, pl., fig. 1 worker described)
  • Menozzi, C. 1925b. Qualche formica nuova od interessante del Deutsch. Ent. Institut di Dahlem (Form.). Entomol. Mitt. 14: 368-371 (page 371, queen described)
  • de Oliveira, G. V., M. M. Correa, I. M. A. Goes, A. F. P. Machado, R. J. de Sa-Neto, and J. H. C. Delabie. 2015. Interactions between Cecropia (Urticaceae) and ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) along a longitudinal east-west transect in the Brazilian Northeast. Annales De La Societe Entomologique De France. 51:153-160. doi:10.1080/00379271.2015.1061231