Camponotus dorycus

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Camponotus dorycus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. dorycus
Binomial name
Camponotus dorycus
(Smith, F., 1860)

Camponotus dorycus casent0172159 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus dorycus casent0172159 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), New Guinea.
Palaearctic Region: China.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes


Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • dorycus. Formica dorycus Smith, F. 1860b: 96 (w.) NEW GUINEA (Indonesia).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 4;
    • combination in C. (Myrmogigas): Forel, 1912i: 91;
    • combination in C. (Dinomyrmex): Forel, 1914a: 268;
    • combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 90.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1863: 414; Roger, 1863b: 4; Mayr, 1867a: 36 (redescription); Smith, F. 1871a: 308; Mayr, 1876: 60 (in key); Forel, 1879a: 73; Forel, 1886f: 172; Emery, 1887a: 215; Emery, 1889b: 512; Forel, 1892j: 236; Dalla Torre, 1893: 228; Emery, 1896d: 370 (in list); Mayr, 1897: 432; Emery, 1897d: 574; Forel, 1901b: 27; Dahl, 1901: 18 (in key); Forel, 1902d: 288; Wheeler, W.M. 1909d: 337; Yano, 1910: 422; Emery, 1911b: 532; Emery, 1911c: 249; Stitz, 1911a: 372; Viehmeyer, 1912: 7; Wheeler, W.M. 1923b: 5; Emery, 1925b: 90; Clark, 1928b: 170; Santschi, 1932b: 18; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 459; Wheeler, W.M. 1935g: 39; Teranishi, 1940: 60; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 244; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 113; Bolton, 1995b: 97; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 28.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus recticeps.

Type Material

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Formica dorycus

Holotype worker minor in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Labelled “Dor. 26.”

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker. Length 6 lines (= 12 mm). Black, smooth and shining; head elongate, widest in front, slightly narrowed towards the eyes, and abruptly so behind them, forming a sort of neck; the scape of the antennae fuscous, the flagellum pale rufo-testaceous; the tips of the mandibles ferruginous, their inner margin with three or four short acute teeth, their apex forming a long stout acute tooth. Thorax elongate, narrowest behind and slightly compressed; the legs elongate, slender, ferruginous and slightly pubescent. Abdomen ovate, the apical margins of the segments rufo-piceous; the node of the peduncle wedge-shaped and pointed above.

Hab. Dory. This species resembles the worker of F. gigas, which is found in India, Malacca, Singapore, Borneo, etc., but the head is different in form, the color is different, and the form of the scale of the peduncle differs too much, I think, for the insect to be considered as a form of F. gigas; it must however, be one of the largest known species of the Formicidae.

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 97, catalogue)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 90, combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))
  • Forel, A. 1912j. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 20: 59-92 (page 91, combination in C. (Myrmogigas))
  • Forel, A. 1914a. Le genre Camponotus Mayr et les genres voisins. Rev. Suisse Zool. 22: 257-276 (page 268, combination in C. (Dinomyrmex))
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 4, combination in Camponotus)
  • Smith, F. 1860b. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the islands of Bachian, Kaisaa, Amboyna, Gilolo, and at Dory in New Guinea. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 5(17b)(suppl. to vol. 4 4: 93-143 (page 96, worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Dahl F. 1901. Das Leben der Ameisen im Bismarck-Archipel, nach eigenen Beobachtungen vergleichend dargestellt. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 2: 1-70.
  • Emery C. 1886. Saggio di un catalogo sistematico dei generi Camponotus, Polyrhachis e affini. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna 5: 363-382
  • Emery C. 1887. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia. [part]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 24(4): 209-258.
  • Emery C. 1911. Formicidae. Résultats de l'expédition scientifique néerlandaise à la Nouvelle-Guinée en 1903 sous les auspices de Arthur Wichmann. Nova Guinea 5: 531-539.
  • Emery C. 1911. Formicidae. Résultats de l'expédition scientifique néerlandaise à la Nouvelle-Guinée en 1907 et 1909 sous les auspices de Dr. H. A. Lorentz. Nova Guin. 9: 249-259
  • Emery, C.. "Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia." Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) (2) 4, no. 24 (1887): 209-258.
  • Forel A. 1886. Études myrmécologiques en 1886.. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 30: 131-215.
  • Forel A. 1901. Formiciden aus dem Bismarck-Archipel, auf Grundlage des von Prof. Dr. F. Dahl gesammelten Materials. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 2: 4-37.
  • Janda M., G. D. Alpert, M. L. Borowiec, E. P. Economo, P. Klimes, E. Sarnat, and S. O. Shattuck. 2011. Cheklist of ants described and recorded from New Guinea and associated islands. Available on http://www.newguineants.org/. Accessed on 24th Feb. 2011.
  • Lucky A., E. Sarnat, and L. Alonso. 2011. Ants of the Muller Range, Papua New Guinea, Chapter 10. In Richards, S. J. and Gamui, B. G. (editors). 2013. Rapid Biological Assessments of the Nakanai Mountains and the upper Strickland Basin: surveying the biodiversity of Papua New Guinea’s sublime karst environments. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 60. Conservation International. Arlington, VA.
  • Lucky A., K. Sagata, and E. Sarnat. 2011. Ants of the Nakanai Mountains, East New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea, Chapter 1. In Richards, S. J. and Gamui, B. G. (editors). 2013. Rapid Biological Assessments of the Nakanai Mountains and the upper Strickland Basin: surveying the biodiversity of Papua New Guinea’s sublime karst environments. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 60. Conservation International. Arlington, VA.
  • Santschi F. 1932. Résultats scientifiques du voyage aux Indes orientales néerlandaises de LL. AA. RR. le Prince et la Princesse Léopold de Belgique. Hymenoptera. Formicidae. Mémoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique. (2)4: 11-29.
  • Snelling R. R. 1998. Insect Part 1: The social Hymenoptera. In Mack A. L. (Ed.) A Biological Assessment of the Lakekamu Basin, Papua New Guinea, RAP 9. 189 ppages
  • Snelling R. R. 2000. Ants of the Wapoga river area, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. In Mack, Andrew L. and Leeanne E. Alonso (eds.). 2000. A Biological Assessment of the Wapoga River Area of Northwestern Irian Jaya, Indonesia. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 14, Conservation International, Washington, DC.
  • Stitz H. 1912. Ameisen aus Ceram und Neu-Guinea. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1912: 498-514.
  • Viehmeyer H. 1912. Ameisen aus Deutsch Neuguinea gesammelt von Dr. O. Schlaginhaufen. Nebst einem Verzeichnisse der papuanischen Arten. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königlichen Zoologischen und Anthropologische-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 14: 1-26.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1909. Ants of Formosa and the Philippines. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 26: 333-345.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1929. Ants collected by Professor F. Silvestri in Formosa, the Malay Peninsula and the Philippines. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura. Portici 24: 27-64.
  • Wheeler W.M. 1935. Check list of the ants of Oceania. Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum 11(11):1-56.
  • Wheeler, William Morton.1935.Checklist of the Ants of Oceania.Occasional Papers 11(11): 3-56