Camponotus dorycus

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Camponotus dorycus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. dorycus
Binomial name
Camponotus dorycus
(Smith, F., 1860)

Camponotus dorycus casent0172159 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus dorycus casent0172159 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), New Guinea.
Palaearctic Region: China.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • dorycus. Formica dorycus Smith, F. 1860b: 96 (w.) NEW GUINEA.
    • Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 4;
    • combination in C. (Myrmogigas): Forel, 1912i: 91;
    • combination in C. (Dinomyrmex): Forel, 1914a: 268;
    • combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 90.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1863: 414; Roger, 1863b: 4; Mayr, 1867a: 36 (redescription); Smith, F. 1871a: 308; Mayr, 1876: 60 (in key); Forel, 1879a: 73; Forel, 1886f: 172; Emery, 1887a: 215; Emery, 1889b: 512; Forel, 1892j: 236; Dalla Torre, 1893: 228; Emery, 1896d: 370 (in list); Mayr, 1897: 432; Emery, 1897d: 574; Forel, 1901b: 27; Dahl, 1901: 18 (in key); Forel, 1902d: 288; Wheeler, W.M. 1909d: 337; Yano, 1910: 422; Emery, 1911b: 532; Emery, 1911c: 249; Stitz, 1911a: 372; Viehmeyer, 1912: 7; Wheeler, W.M. 1923b: 5; Emery, 1925b: 90; Clark, 1928b: 170; Santschi, 1932b: 18; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 459; Wheeler, W.M. 1935g: 39; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 244; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 113; Bolton, 1995b: 97.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus recticeps.

Type Material

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Formica dorycus

Holotype worker minor in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Labelled “Dor. 26.”

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Worker. Length 6 lines (= 12 mm). Black, smooth and shining; head elongate, widest in front, slightly narrowed towards the eyes, and abruptly so behind them, forming a sort of neck; the scape of the antennae fuscous, the flagellum pale rufo-testaceous; the tips of the mandibles ferruginous, their inner margin with three or four short acute teeth, their apex forming a long stout acute tooth. Thorax elongate, narrowest behind and slightly compressed; the legs elongate, slender, ferruginous and slightly pubescent. Abdomen ovate, the apical margins of the segments rufo-piceous; the node of the peduncle wedge-shaped and pointed above.

Hab. Dory. This species resembles the worker of F. gigas, which is found in India, Malacca, Singapore, Borneo, etc., but the head is different in form, the color is different, and the form of the scale of the peduncle differs too much, I think, for the insect to be considered as a form of F. gigas; it must however, be one of the largest known species of the Formicidae.


  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 97, catalogue)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 90, combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))
  • Forel, A. 1912j. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 20: 59-92 (page 91, combination in C. (Myrmogigas))
  • Forel, A. 1914a. Le genre Camponotus Mayr et les genres voisins. Rev. Suisse Zool. 22: 257-276 (page 268, combination in C. (Dinomyrmex))
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 4, combination in Camponotus)
  • Smith, F. 1860b. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the islands of Bachian, Kaisaa, Amboyna, Gilolo, and at Dory in New Guinea. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 5(17b)(suppl. to vol. 4 4: 93-143 (page 96, worker described)