Camponotus feae

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Camponotus feae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. feae
Binomial name
Camponotus feae
Emery, 1882
Synonyms

Canary Islands, low to mid altitude species: sea level to 1000m (a southern, very dry slope). All populations from El Hierro belong to the homogeneous black phenotype; some populations from other islands show a remarkable variation in color of head and thorax, from pure black to a splendid red. (Espadaler 2007)

Identification

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 29.388333° to -32.15333°.

     
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Canary Islands (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • feae. Camponotus feae Emery, 1882: 449, fig. (s.w.) SPAIN (Canary Is).
    • Replacement name for Formica pubescens Brullé, 1840: 84. [Junior primary homonym of Formica pubescens Fabricius, 1775: 392.]
    • [Note: feae junior synonym of pubescens Brullé (synonymy by Emery, 1893c: 88); hence feae first available replacement name (Bolton, 1995b: 99).]
    • [Misspelled as feai by Emery, 1893c: 87, Hohmann, et al. 1993: 162.]
    • Combination in C. (Myrmosericus): Forel, 1914a: 268.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1895h: 49 (in key); Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list).
    • Subspecies of rufoglaucus: Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 230; Emery, 1893c: 87; Santschi, 1908: 534; Crawley, 1923a: 31; Emery, 1925b: 106; Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 115; Menozzi, 1929a: 5; Wellenius, 1955: 14; Báez & Ortega, 1978: 189; Barquin Diez, 1981: 411; Hohmann, et al. 1993: 162; Bolton, 1995b: 99.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 230; Espadaler, 2007: 121.
    • Senior synonym of erythropus Stitz: Barquin Diez, 1981: 411; Bolton, 1995b: 99.
    • Senior synonym of excelsus: Barquin Diez, 1981: 411; Bolton, 1995b: 99.
  • erythropus. Camponotus (Myrmosericus) feae var. erythropus Stitz, 1917: 350.
    • [First available use of Camponotus rufoglaucus r. feai var. erythropus Emery, 1893c: 87 (in text) (w.) SPAIN (Canary Is); unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • [Unresolved junior primary homonym of Camponotus erythropus Pergande, 1893: 28 (Bolton, 1995b: 98).]
    • [Camponotus feae var. erythropes Forel, 1893d: 466, Forel, 1894a: 162. Nomina nuda.]
    • Crawley, 1923a: 31 (q.).
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1895h: 49 (in key); Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Crawley, 1923a: 31; Emery, 1925b: 106; Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 117; Menozzi, 1929a: 5; Wellenius, 1955: 14; Báez & Ortega, 1978: 189.
    • Junior synonym of feae: Barquin Diez, 1981: 411; Bolton, 1995b: 98.
  • excelsus. Camponotus (Myrmosericus) feae var. excelsus Stitz, 1917: 350.
    • [First available use of Camponotus rufoglaucus r. feai var. excelsus Emery, 1893c: 88 (w.) SPAIN (Canary Is); unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Santschi, 1908: 534; Emery, 1925b: 106; Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 116; Menozzi, 1929a: 5; Wellenius, 1955: 15; Báez & Ortega, 1978: 189.
    • Junior synonym of feae: Barquin Diez, 1981: 411; Bolton, 1995b: 98.
  • pubescens. Formica pubescens Brullé, 1840: 84 (w.) SPAIN (Canary Is).
    • [Junior primary homonym of Formica pubescens Fabricius, 1775: 392.]
    • Subspecies of micans: Emery & Forel, 1879: 447.
    • Junior synonym of micans: André, 1874: 201 (in list).
    • Junior synonym of rufoglaucus: Forel, 1892j: 237.
    • Replacement name: Camponotus feae Emery, 1882: 449.
    • [Note: feae junior synonym of pubescens Brullé (synonymy by Emery, 1893c: 88); hence feae first available replacement name (Bolton, 1995b: 118).]

Description

References

  • Barquín, J. 1981. Las hormigas de Canarias. Taxonomía, ecología y distribución de los Formicidae. Colecc. Monogr. (Secr. Publ. Univ. La Laguna) 3: 1-584 (page 411, senior synonym of erythropus and excelsus)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 99, catalogue)
  • Brullé, G. A. 1840. Insectes. Pp. 53-95 in: Webb, P. B., Berthelot, S. Histoire naturelle des Iles Canaries. Vol. 2. (deuxième partie - Entomologie). Paris: Mellier, 119 pp. (page 84, Junior synonym of, and first available replacement name for pubescens)
  • Crawley, W. C. 1923a. Myrmecological notes. Entomol. Rec. J. Var. 35: 29-32 (page 31, race of rufoglaucus)
  • Emery, C. 1882b. Le crociere dell'yacht "Corsaro" del capitano armatore Enrico d'Albertis. II. Formiche. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 18: 448-452 (page 449, fig. soldier, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1893e. Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud aux îles Canaries. Formicides. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 62: 81-88 (page 87, race of rufoglaucus)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 106, race of rufoglaucus)
  • Espadaler, X. 2007. The ants of El Hierro (Canary Islands). Pages 113-127 in R. R. Snelling, B. L. Fisher, and P. S. Ward, editors. Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Gainesville, FL. 80:690 pp.
  • Forel, A. 1914a. Le genre Camponotus Mayr et les genres voisins. Rev. Suisse Zool. 22: 257-276 (page 268, combination in C. (Myrmosericus))
  • Yamane, S., Tanaka, H.O., Hasimoto, Y., Ohashi, M., Meleng, P., Itioka, T. 2021. A list of ants from Lambir Hills National Park and its vicinity, with their biological information: Part II. Subfamilies Leptanillinae, Proceratiinae, Amblyoponinae, Ponerinae, Dorylinae, Dolichoderinae, Ectatomminae and Formicinae. Contributions from the Biological Laboratory, Kyoto University 31, 87–157.

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Barquín, J.. Las hormigas de Canarias. Taxonomia, ecologia y distribucion de los Formicidae In Secretariado de publicaciones de la Universidad de La Laguna, Colección Monografías Nº 3. Tenerife: Universidad de La Laguna, 1981.
  • Crawley W. C. 1923. Myrmecological notes. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 35: 29-32.
  • Emery C. 1886. Saggio di un catalogo sistematico dei generi Camponotus, Polyrhachis e affini. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna 5: 363-382
  • Emery, C.. "Le crociere dell'yacht "Corsaro" del capitano armatore Enrico d'Albertis. II. Formiche." Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 18 (1882): 448-452.
  • Emery, C.. "Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud aux îles Canaries. Formicides." Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62 (1893): 81-88.
  • Espadaler, X.. "The ants of El Hierro (Canary Islands)." Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80 (2007): 113-127.
  • Espadaler, Xavier. 2007. The Ants of El Hierro (Canary Islands) in Snelling. pp. 113-127
  • Espadaler, Xavier. 2007. The Ants of El Hierro (Canary Islands). Memoirs of the AMer113-127.
  • Hohmann H., F. La Roche, G. Ortega, and J. Barquín. 1993. Bienen, Wespen und Ameisen der Kanarischen Inseln. Veröff. Überseemus. Bremen Naturwiss. 12: 14.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Santschi, F.. "Nouvelles fourmis de l'Afrique du Nord (Égypte, Canaries, Tunisie)." Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 77 (1908): 517-534.
  • Stitz, H.. "Ameisen aus dem westlichen Mittelmeergebiet und von den Kanarischen Inseln." Mitteilungen aus den Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 8 (1917): 333-353.
  • Wellenius, O. H.. "Entomologische Ergebnisse der finnländischen Kanaren-Expedition 1947-1951. No. 10. Formicidae Insularum Canariensium. Systematik, Ökologie und Verbreitung der Kanarischen Formiciden." Commentationes Biologicae Societas Scienitarum Fennica 15(8) (1955): 1-20.
  • Wheeler, W. M.. "The ants of the Canary Islands." Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 62 (1927): 93-120.
  • Wolf, H.. "Zur Kenntnis der Aculeaten Fauna (Hymenoptera) von Gran Canaria und Teneriffa." Vieraea Vol. 9 (1- (1979): 65-78.