Camponotus flavomarginatus

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Camponotus flavomarginatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. flavomarginatus
Binomial name
Camponotus flavomarginatus
Mayr, 1862

Camponotus flavomarginatus casent0915599 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus flavomarginatus casent0915599 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Camponotus flavomarginatus is widespread across the African grassland-forest zone (Taylor et al., 2018). Taylor (1978) reported it from Nigeria, where it was fairly common especially on insolated ground, with nests in soil. It forages widely across the ground and on native herbaceous vegetation and trees; also on cocoa (fairly common), cashew, coffee, kola and oil palm. It will tend aphids on cocoa but probably does not build tents. In Benin, Taylor et al. (2018) found it in Mangifera indica (mango) orchards on the ground and on trees, where it was both an antagonist and prey of Oecophylla longinoda. They also report it on the ground at the base of a Eucalyptus, from beating weeds near a river, and while hand collecting from Anacardium occidentale (cashew). In Oman, Sharaf et al. (2022) collected a nest series under a stone where the soil was loose and dry. Several workers were found on a tree of Vachellia.

Identification

Oman (Sharaf et al., 2022) - Mesosomal profile a continuous curve; metanotal groove indistinct; petiole in profile with a curved anterior margin and a straight posterior margin; entire surface covered with dense pale pubescence; few sparse setae on body.

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 18.340278° to -29.76667°.

   
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Benin, Eritrea, Gambia, Ghana (type locality), Guinea, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia (type locality), Somalia (type locality), South Africa, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Oman.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.
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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.
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Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

This species is a host for the encyrtid wasp Anagyrus lopezi (a parasite) (Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (associate).

Castes

Worker

Images from AntWeb

Camponotus flavomarginatus casent0264178 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0264178 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0264178 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0264178 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0264178. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Camponotus flavomarginatus casent0280317 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0280317 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0280317 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0280317 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0280317. Photographer Ryan Perry, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by PSWC, Philip S. Ward Collection.
Camponotus flavomarginatus casent0905793 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0905793 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0905793 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0905793 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Camponotus micans albisectusWorker. Specimen code casent0905793. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MSNG, Genoa, Italy.
Camponotus flavomarginatus casent0906445 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0906445 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0906445 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0906445 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0906445. Photographer Cerise Chen, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by KSMA; KSU, King Saud University Museum of Arthropods.
Camponotus flavomarginatus casent0280318 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0280318 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0280318 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus flavomarginatus casent0280318 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0280318. Photographer Ryan Perry, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by PSWC, Philip S. Ward Collection.
Camponotus jizani casent0911619 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus jizani casent0911619 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus jizani casent0911619 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus jizani casent0911619 l 1 high.jpg
Paratype of Camponotus jizaniWorker. Specimen code casent0911619. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMB, Basel, Switzerland.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • flavomarginatus. Camponotus flavomarginatus Mayr, 1862: 664 (w.) GHANA.
    • Type-material: holotype minor worker.
    • Type-locality: Ghana (“Gold Coast”): Akwapim Mts (no collector’s name).
    • Type-depository: NHMW.
    • Forel, 1907c: 144 (q.m.); Menozzi, 1926a: 38 (q.m.).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmosericus): Santschi, 1916b: 509.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Forel, 1910c: 271; Forel, 1914d: 254; Santschi, 1914e: 41.
    • Junior synonym of micans: Mayr, 1879: 647; Dalla Torre, 1893: 243.
    • Junior synonym of cinctellus: Forel, 1894b: 70.
    • Subspecies of micans: Emery, 1881b: 526; Forel, 1886f: 174.
    • Subspecies of rufoglaucus: Forel, 1892j: 237; Emery, 1895h: 48 (in key); Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Emery, 1897e: 604; Emery, 1899a: 501; Forel, 1907c: 144; Santschi, 1911g: 212; Santschi, 1914d: 381; Santschi, 1916b: 509; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 247, 968; Viehmeyer, 1923: 93; Arnold, 1924: 692; Emery, 1925b: 106; Menozzi, 1926a: 38; Menozzi, 1927f: 361; Menozzi, 1930b: 118; Santschi, 1935a: 279; Santschi, 1935b: 276; Santschi, 1937d: 242; Santschi, 1939f: 167; Weber, 1943c: 337.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 399; Emery, 1877b: 365; Collingwood, 1985: 281; Bolton, 1995b: 100; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 373; Collingwood, et al. 2011: 451; Hita Garcia, et al. 2013: 205; Borowiec, L. 2014: 31; Madl, 2019: 14.
    • Senior synonym of albisectus: Emery, 1895h: 48 (in key); Emery, 1896d: 372; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 968; Menozzi, 1930b: 118; Bolton, 1995b: 100.
    • Distribution: Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.
  • albisectus. Camponotus micans r. albisectus Emery, 1892a: 120 (w.) SOMALIA.
    • Combination in C. (Myrmosericus): Forel, 1914a: 268.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 221; Forel, 1914a: 268.
    • Junior synonym of flavomarginatus: Emery, 1895h: 48 (in key); Emery, 1896d: 372; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 968; Menozzi, 1930b: 118; Bolton, 1995b: 84.
  • jizani. Camponotus jizani Collingwood, 1985: 281, figs. 71, 73 (s.w.) SAUDI ARABIA.
    • Type-material: holotype worker, paratype major and minor workers (numbers not stated).
    • Type-localities: Saudi Arabia: Abu Arish, nr Jizan, 25.iii.1983 (C.A. Collingwood), Saudi Arabia: Fayfa, 27-28.iii.1983 (C.A. Collingwood), vic. Fayfa resthouse, 30.iii..1983 (C.A. Collingwood), Saudi Arabia: Abu Arish, vic. resthouse, 3.iv.1983 (C.A. Collingwood), Saudi Arabia: Khamis al Bhar, 4.iv.1983 (C.A. Collingwood)
    • [Note: Collingwood does not give a locality or specific data that isolates the holotype.]
    • Type-depository: NHMB (probably also WMLC).
    • Subgenus indeterminate: Bolton, 1995b: 106.
    • Status as species: Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 373; Borowiec, L. 2014: 34.
    • Junior synonym of flavomarginatus: Saraf et al., 2022: 13.

Type Material

  • Holotype of Camponotus jizani: KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA • 1 s; Fifa; no date; C.A. Collingwood leg.; CASENT0922313; WMLC. (Sharaf et al., 2022)
  • Paratype of Camponotus jizani: KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA • 1 mw; Fifa nr Jizan; 27–31 Mar. 1983; C.A. Collingwood leg.; CASENT0911619; NHMB. (Sharaf et al., 2022)

Taxonomic Notes

Collingwood and Agosti (1996) – Camponotus jizani, now a junior synonym, is abundant in the lower valleys of south-west Yemen just as it is around Fayfa in Saudi Arabia. Camponotus flavomarginatus seems to be more restricted to the mountains where, as in the Asir mountains and the Sumara and Sangani passes in Yemen, it occurred on rugged land over 2200 m.

Sharaf et al. (2022) - The type material of Camponotus jizani is represented by only two specimens, a paratype minor worker (CASENT0911619) that is deposited in NHMB, and a presumably holotype major worker (CASENT0922313) deposited in WMLC. Unfortunately, the card of the holotype specimen is cut and the data do not completely match the data mentioned in the original description except for the type locality (Fifa). In a discussion between M.R. Sharaf and C.A. Collingwood, the latter confirmed that these two specimens represent the type material of C. jizani. A comparison of the available holotype and paratype workers of C. jizani with the type material of C. flavomarginatus was carried out. We here treat C. jizani as a junior subjective synonym of C. flavomarginatus.

Numerous species similar to C. flavomarginatus exist in the Afrotropical Region. There is a large complex of species centered around Camponotus rufoglaucus, first described from India, and C. flavomarginatus. The complex comprises many broadly distributed species with numerous infraspecific taxa of dubious identity, and poorly preserved type material. Thus, the identification of this species complex as C. flavomarginatus is questionable.

Description

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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