Camponotus honaziensis

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Camponotus honaziensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Subgenus: Myrmentoma
Species group: lateralis
Species: C. honaziensis
Binomial name
Camponotus honaziensis
Karaman, C. & Aktac, 2013

Camponotus honaziensis casent0914262 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus honaziensis casent0914262 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species was collected in Denizli and Burdur between 807 m and 1831 m altitude from a mountain meadow and Pinus nigra, Juniperus spp., and mixed (Pinus nigra and Quercus coccifera) forests.

Identification

C. honaziensis most resembles Camponotus lateralis and can be distinguished from the latter by at least 3–4 short erect hairs on the scape, erect hairs on the lateral sides of the head, 1–2 erect hairs on the occipital corners at least in the major workers, the presence of long erect hairs on the whole propodeal dorsum, and the thicker petiole. In some specimens, the propodeal dorsum may also have short subdecumbent pilosity, which is absent in the holotype worker, and the mesopropodeal groove may be much shallower. C. honaziensis is distinguished from Camponotus candiotes by the expanded lobe at the base of the scape, a thicker petiole, and a flat propodeal dorsum. This new species differs from Camponotus hirtus by the shorter and scarce erect hairs on the ventral surface of the head, the less expanded base of the scape, and the sparse appressed and erect hairs on the scape, the scarce erect hairs on the mesosoma, and the thicker petiole in major workers, and by the shorter and scarce erect hairs on the ventral surface of the head, bare occipital corners, 1–3 erect hairs on the scape, the less expanded base of the scape, the scarce erect hairs on the mesosoma, and the thicker petiole in minor workers. C. honaziensis differs from Camponotus interjectus due to the partly reddish head and thicker petiole in major workers and red head, the short, scarce, erect hairs on the gaster, and the thicker petiole in minor workers.

Seifert, 2019: See key. Within the species having significant reddish pigmentation components on vertex, the species is well separable by a combination of long scape, strong extension of scape base and large width of dorsal propopodeal plane. A typical, or frequent, coloration is head, mesosoma and petiole reddish brown and gaster blackish.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Only known so far from eight localities in the Denizli and Burdur provinces of Anatolia between 800 and 1850 m altitude (Seifert, 2019).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Republic of Macedonia, Spain, Turkey (type locality), Turkey (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • honaziensis. Camponotus (Myrmentoma) honaziensis Karaman, C. & Aktac, 2013: 46, fig. 4 (w.) TURKEY.

Type Material

Holotype – worker: Turkey, Denizli-Merkez-Cankurtaran-Honaz Dagi National Park, (37°38’N, 29°13’E), 15 July 2007: 07/2344 (leg. C. Karaman) (TU). PARATYPES: 15 workers, from same nest with holotype (Leg. C. Karaman) (TU); 4 workers, Turkey, Burdur-Yesilova-Akcakoy Village (37°43’N, 29°55’E), 1274 m asl., 31 July 2007: 07/1126a (Leg. C. Karaman and K. Kiran) (TU); 1 worker, Turkey, Denizli-Serinhisar-Kizilhisar Hill (37°34’N, 29°14’E), 1332 m asl., 27 May 2007: 07/0269 (Leg. C. Karaman and K. Kıran) (TU); 1 worker, Turkey, Denizli-Acıpayam-Alaattin Village (37°28’N, 29°13’E), 1377 m asl., 27 May 2007: 07/0316b (Leg. C. Karaman and K. Kiran) (TU); 14 workers, Turkey, Denizli-Beyagac-Derekoy Village (37°13’N, 28°58’E), 07 m asl., 28 May 2007, 07/0412 (Leg. C. Karaman and K. Kiran) (TU); 2 workers, Turkey, Denizli-Beyagac¸ (37°05’N, 28°51’E), 1831 m asl., 29 May 2007: 07/0433b (Leg. C. Karaman and K. Kiran) (TU); 4 workers, Turkey, Denizli-Honaz-Aydinlar Village (37°43’N, 29°30’E), 1313 m asl., 09 July 2007: 07/2192c (leg. C. Karaman) (TU); 1 worker, Turkey, Denizli-Koseler Village (38°01’N, 29°18’E), 1120 m asl., 10 July 2007: 07/2217c (Leg. C. Karaman) (TU).

Seifert, 2019: Investigated were 3 paratype workers from the holotype nest, stored in SMN Görlitz and labeled ‘TUR: 37.467°N, 29.217°E Denizli-Merkez-Cankurtaran 1195 m, Honaz Dagi Nat. Park Karaman 2007.07.15-07/2344’ and ‘Paratypes Camponotus honaziensis Karaman & Aktac 2013’. Note that the original description gives a wrong geographic latitude. These data are corrected here after a personal communication with C. Karaman in 2015.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 4

Major. Head 1.06 times longer than wide, lateral sides of head narrowed in front of the eyes; occiput slightly convex behind eyes; scape 0.78 times head length, base of scape weakly extended or without basal lobe; anterior and posterior margins of clypeus with a concave impression medially; mandibles with 5 teeth; eyes situated on posterior half of the head; mesosoma with deep metanotal groove; dorsum of propodeum almost straight; anterior face of petiole convex, posterior face nearly convex, dorsum of petiole straight medially and thick; anterior half of head dense and roughly reticulate, posterior half superficially sculpturing, shiny; clypeus roughly reticulate and punctate, subopaque to dull; mandibles shiny to subopaque; in profile whole mesosoma roughly reticulate; gaster weakly reticulates, shiny; head with short, appressed, scattered pilosity than C. hirtus; genae, lateral sides of head, occiput, vertex with short, erect hairs; occipital corners with 1–2 erect hairs or bare; ventral surface of head with long, abundant, erect hairs; scape with dense, appressed pilosity and 5–7 erect hairs; whole mesosoma with abundant, erect hairs, propodeum additionally with short, subdecumbent pilosity; tibiae with short, appressed, scattered pilosity; dorsolateral sides of petiole with 8–10 long, erect hairs; gaster with short, appressed pilosity and distance between the pilosity shorter than their length; head reddish brown to brownish black; scape and first 3 to 5 funicular segments red, rest of funiculus brown; mesosoma reddish to reddish-brown; legs red; petiole dark red to reddish brown; gaster black.

Minor. Head 1.15 times longer than wide, lateral sides of head narrowed in front of eyes; occiput convex behind eyes; scape 1.08 times longer than head length, base of scape extended more than that of major workers; anterior margin of clypeus nearly straight, posterior margin concave; mandibles with 5 teeth; eyes small, situated on posterior half of head; mesosoma with deep metanotal groove, dorsum of propodeum straight or weakly convex; head and clypeus reticulate, shiny; lateral sides of propodeum roughly sculpturing, shiny; gaster superficially reticulate, shiny; genae and lateral sides of head with erect hairs; occipital corners bare, with only appressed pilosity, occiput with 2–8 long, erect hairs; ventral surface of head with scattered, erect hairs; scape with appressed pilosity and 1–3 short, erect hairs; pronotum with scattered, appressed pilosity and 4 erect hairs; mesonotum with scattered, appressed pilosity and 10 erect hairs; whole propodeal dorsum with subdecumbent pilosity and erect hairs; dorsolateral sides of petiole with 6 long, erect hairs; gaster with short, appressed pilosity and scattered, erect hairs; head red to reddish brown; first 3–4 funicular segments reddish and rest of funiculus brown; mesosoma and petiole red; legs yellowish brown to red; gaster black.

Etymology

This name is derived from the Honaz Dagi National Park, where this species was collected.

References