Camponotus loweryi

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Camponotus loweryi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. loweryi
Binomial name
Camponotus loweryi
McArthur, 1996

Camponotus loweryi casent0280196 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus loweryi casent0280196 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

B. B. Lowery described the appearance of the nest above ground at Hillston, New South Wales, in 1978 in a collection that he donated to ANIC. A mound about 20-30 cm in diameter and 2-4 cm in height is generally constructed away from the tree canopy. The entrance near the centre of the mound is usually circular and decorated with small stones. (McArthur and Adams 1996)

Identification

A member of the Camponotus nigriceps species group. McArthur and Adams (1996) - Resembles Camponotus eastwoodi and some light-coloured specimens of Camponotus consobrinus, and Camponotus nigriceps in colour and pilosity. C. loweryi can be distinguished thus: (1) gula setae absent in C. loweryi and C. consobrinus, dense in C. nigriceps, sparse in C. eastwoodi; and (2) gaster of C. consobrinus is distinctly bicoloured, gasters of C. eastwoodi and C. loweryi are for the most part uniform yellowish brown colour or vary only slightly in colour from posterior to anterior. Sympatric with C. consobrinus, C. nigriceps and Camponotus clarior.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

The species is widespread in south-eastern and eastern Australia, particularly in semi-arid habitats.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • loweryi. Camponotus loweryi McArthur, in McArthur & Adams, 1996: 33, fig. 25 (s.w.) AUSTRALIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Colour: head black or brown with lighter pitches, mesosoma, node and most of gaster honey colour or yellowish posterior gaster sometimes slightly darker, coxa and femur lighter often whitish, tibia and tarsus red brown. Pilosity: up to 0·5 mm long, plentiful on pronotum, less on mesonotum and 5-10 on propodeum (Fig. 25a, b), absent on gula, plentiful on gaster pointing backwards, short setae on scapes raised to 10°, short setae on midtibiae raised to 10°. Pubescence: adprcsscd setae about 0·1 mm long fine, spaced < length, scarcely visible on the dorsum of mesosoma, sparse on head. Integument finely reticulate, glossy. Node summit viewed from rear: convex or Oat in major workers, convex in other workers. Metanotum usually distinct in major workers.

HW = 1.60-4.05 mm; HL= 2.20-4.25 mm; TL = 2.70-4.00 mm; n = 40. HW:HL sometimes reaches 1.0 in major workers where HW > 4.0 mm. TL = 2.26 + 2.73 Jog HW (n = 20, r = 0.96, s.e.(y) = 0.12, s.e.(x) = 0.08). PD: D = 1.0 in major workers increasing to 3.0 in minor workers.

Type Material

Holotype. One major worker (pinned) South Australian Museum plus paratypes in alcohol, SAMA, Australian National Insect Collection. Collected by A. J. McArthur, May 1993, at Tipperary Dam m Danggali Conservation Park, South Australia.

  • Holotype, major worker, Tipperary Dam, Danggali Conservation Park, South Australia, Australia, South Australian Museum.

Etymology

This species is named after the Reverend B. B. Lowery SJ.

References