Camponotus matsilo

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Camponotus matsilo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species group: edmondi
Species: C. matsilo
Binomial name
Camponotus matsilo
Rakotonirina, Csősz & Fisher, 2016

Camponotus matsilo casent0121843 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus matsilo casent0121843 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Occurring in the south of Madagascar, the distribution of C. matsilo is ranging from the dry forest habitats of the PN Zombitse and the PN Andohahela through the transitional spiny forest of Vohidava to the spiny bush and thicket of Cap Sainte Marie in the extreme south. In these habitats, the species mostly forages on low vegetation and its colonies are found frequently in dead twigs above ground. (Rakotonirina et al. 2016)

Identification

Rakotonirina et al. (2016) - A member of the Camponotus edmondi species group. In profile, anterior and posterior margins of petiolar node convex; in profile, propodeal dorsum and declivitous surface separated by blunt angle; in dorsal view, mesonotum less than twice as broad as long; mesopleuron with propodeal surface together distinctly wider than lateral portion of pronotum; in profile, dorsolateral carina of propodeum much longer than its posterolateral margin.

Camponotus matsilo can be easily separated from other species by the fact that its propodeal dorsum is distinctly longer than its propodeal declivity in lateral view.

Distribution

Occurring in the south of Madagascar, the distribution of C. matsilo is ranging from the dry forest habitats of the PN Zombitse and the PN Andohahela through the transitional spiny forest of Vohidava to the spiny bush and thicket of Cap Sainte Marie in the extreme south.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • matsilo. Camponotus matsilo Rakotonirina, Csősz & Fisher, 2016: 127, figs. 12A, 26, 41 (w.) MADAGASCAR.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Minor. In full-face view head slightly longer than broad (CWb/CL: 0.88–0.94), lateral margins weakly convex and converging anteriorly; posterior margin feebly convex. Eyes located more on posterior portion of head (PoOc/CL: 0.18–0.23), posterior level of eyes at posterior fifth of head. Anteromedian margin of clypeus triangular; posterior margin weakly notched medially. Mandible triangular, masticatory margin armed with six teeth. Antennal scape short (SL/CS: 0.87–0.94), apical third portion roughly surpassing posterior margin of head. Pronotum flat dorsally, anterodorsal margin projecting anteriorly into narrow ridge; dorsum and sides of promesonotum separated by margination. In dorsal view, mesonotum narrow, less than twice as broad as long. In profile, mesopleuron and lateral propodeal face together distinctly longer than lateral portion of pronotum; propodeal dorsum and declivitous surface separated by blunt angle. In profile, dorsolateral carina of propodeum much longer than declivity. Maximum width of procoxa larger than width of meso-metapleuron. In profile, anterior margin of petiolar node convex and posterior margin either convex or roughly triangular; propodeal spiracle located on declivitous surface or at posterolateral margin of the propodeum.

Dorsum of head and mesosoma finely and densely reticulate punctate. Gastral segments covered with fine and dense reticulation. Mandible finely and densely reticulate superimposed with scattered large punctures. Whitish erect hairs: several pairs of on dorsum of head; absent on pronotum, one pair on mesonotum, few pairs near dorsolateral margin of propodeum and at junction of dorsum and declivity, arranged on posterior face of petiolar node near lateral margins; organized transversely on anterior and posterior portions of each gastral tergite. Pubescence not abundant. Head, mesosoma, and petiole black; gaster dark brown; basal portion of antenna light brown to yellow and apical portion dark brown; trochanter to tip of tarsi light brown to yellow.

Major. With characteristics of minor worker, except: head much more subquadrate (CWb/CL: 0.96); eyes located roughly on posterior third of head capsule (PoOc/CL: 0.28–0.29); antennal scape not extending beyond posterior cephalic margin; inclination of propodeal dorsum much more vertical in profile. Head capsule microreticulate superimposed with scattered punctures in the anterior portion from the anterior level of eyes to base of mandibles. Mandibles smooth and shiny between sparse punctures. Two pairs of whitish erect hairs aligned at about the same level on posterior portion of head behind posterior level of eyes; three to four pairs on pronotum and five pairs on mesonotum. Mandible color much darker than other appendages.

Type Material

Holotype worker. Madagascar, Province Toliara, Forêt Vohidava 88.9 km N Amboasary, –24.24067, 46.28783, 500 m, spiny forest/dry forest transition, ex dead twig above ground, 7 Dec 2006 (B.L. Fisher et al.) collection code BLF15725, specimen code CASENT0121843 (California Academy of Sciences). Paratypes. 1 worker with same data as holotype CASENT0178919 (CASC).

References

  • Rakotonirina J.C., Csosz S., and B.L. Fisher. 2016. Revision of the Malagasy Camponotus edmondi species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Formicinae): integrating qualitative morphology and multivariate morphometric analysis. ZooKeys. 572:81-154. doi:10.3897/zookeys.572.7177