Camponotus obscuripes

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Camponotus obscuripes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. obscuripes
Binomial name
Camponotus obscuripes
Mayr, 1879

Camponotus obscuripes casent0008633 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus obscuripes casent0008633 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Common Name
Muneaka-oo-ari
Language: Japanese

This species is found in forested areas. It nests in dead portions of standing trees or in rotting wood. The black woodpecker Dryocopus martius feeds preferentially on C. obscuripes in Hokkaido, Japan (Japanese Ant Image Database).

Identification

This species resembles Camponotus hemichlaena, but is distinguished by its red pronotum (pronotum black in hemichlaena). Color variation is seen in some populations. For example, the body is almost black except for the petiole and adjacent areas which are reddish in Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan; or completely black at Mt. Kuju, Kyushu. In these cases C. obscuripes is distinguished from other black Japanese Camponotus species, except Camponotus yessensis, by the short pubescence on its 2nd gastral tergite. C. obscuripes is distributed from lowland to mountain areas. The high mountain populations tend to be darker in color than lowland ones.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Japan (type locality), Republic of Korea, Russian Federation.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Flight Period

X X X X
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

 Notes: in Japan, May to June in lowlands, and until August in the mountains.

Association with Other Organisms

Other Ants

This species is a host for the ant Polyrhachis lamellidens (a temporary parasite) (Sakai, 1990).

Fungi

This taxon is a host for the fungi Ophiocordyceps formicarum, Ophiocordyceps pulvinata and Ophiocordyceps sessilis (Shrestha et al., 2017).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • obscuripes. Camponotus ligniperdus var. obscuripes Mayr, 1879: 645 (s.w.) JAPAN.
    • André, 1903: 128 (q.m.).
    • Combination in C. (Camponotus): Emery, 1925b: 73.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Wheeler, W.M. 1906c: 325; Yano, 1910: 422; Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 117; Teranishi, 1940: 25; Morisita, 1945: 22; Azuma, 1951: 88.
    • Subspecies of ligniperda: Dalla Torre, 1893: 240; Forel, 1900e: 270; Forel, 1901h: 70; Forel, 1907e: 19.
    • Subspecies of herculeanus: Emery, 1908a: 185; Emery, 1925b: 73; Kono & Sugihara, 1939: 9; Teranishi, 1940: 71; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 221.
    • Status as species: Yasumatsu & Brown, 1951: 38; Azuma, 1953: 5; Azuma, 1955: 80; Yasumatsu & Brown, 1957: 50; Collingwood, 1962: 220; Arnol'di, 1967: 1823; Collingwood, 1976: 307; Azuma, 1977: 116; Onoyama, 1980: 200; Kupyanskaya, 1990: 171; Morisita, et al. 1991: 41; Bolton, 1995b: 114; Radchenko, 1996b: 1202 (in key); Radchenko, 1997a: 557; Terayama, 1999b: 29 (in key); Imai, et al. 2003: 39; Radchenko, 2005b: 160; Ran & Zhou, 2011: 69; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 29.

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 28 (Japan) (Imai, 1969).

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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