Camponotus rectangularis

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Camponotus rectangularis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. rectangularis
Binomial name
Camponotus rectangularis
Emery, 1890

Camponotus rectangularis casent0217691 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus rectangularis casent0217691 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


De Oliveira et al. (2015) found two colonies of C. rectangularis opportunistically nesting in Cecropia pachystachya trees (southwest Bahia, Brazil).



Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica (type locality), French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • rectangularis. Camponotus rectangularis Emery, 1890b: 57 (w.) COSTA RICA. [Also described as new by Emery, 1894k: 62.] Combination in C. (Myrmorhachis): Forel, 1914a: 274; in C. (Myrmocladoecus): Emery, 1925b: 167; Wheeler, W.M. 1933a: 63. Current subspecies: nominal plus aulicus, rubroniger, setipes, sordidatus, willowsi.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Minor. Differing from the typical form of the species and its var. rubroniger Forel in coloration, being deep black, with the exception of the posterior borders of the gastric segments and terminal tarsal joints, which are reddish, and the head, antennal scapes and first funicular joint, which are bright yellowish red. Cheeks, clypeus and mandibles yellow, mandibular teeth reddish. The dorsal surface of the gaster is less opaque and more glossy than in rectangularis and rubroniger, with distinctly longer and denser pubescence and even shorter hairs.

Type Material

A single specimen from Acapulco, Mexico (IV.5.'32). There is in my collection a second specimen taken by Frederick Knab in the same locality.


  • Emery, C. 1890b. Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Décembre 1887 - Avril 1888). Formicides. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (6)(10): 55-76 (page 57, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 167, Combination in C. (Myrmocladoecus))
  • Forel, A. 1914a. Le genre Camponotus Mayr et les genres voisins. Rev. Suisse Zool. 22: 257-276 (page 274, Combination in C. (Myrmorhachis))
  • de Oliveira, G. V., M. M. Correa, I. M. A. Goes, A. F. P. Machado, R. J. de Sa-Neto, and J. H. C. Delabie. 2015. Interactions between Cecropia (Urticaceae) and ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) along a longitudinal east-west transect in the Brazilian Northeast. Annales De La Societe Entomologique De France. 51:153-160. doi:10.1080/00379271.2015.1061231
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1933a. The Templeton Crocker Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences, 1932. No. 6. Formicidae of the Templeton Crocker Expedition. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. (4) 21: 57-64 (page 63, Combination in C. (Myrmocladoecus))