Camponotus rufifemur

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Camponotus rufifemur
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. rufifemur
Binomial name
Camponotus rufifemur
Emery, 1900

Camponotus rufifemur casent0905437 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus rufifemur casent0905437 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


This species shares a common nest with Crematogaster modiglianii in southeast Asian rainforests.


Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 4.965277778° to -2.183333°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia (type locality), Malaysia.
Oriental Region: India, Thailand.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


While this species is known to nest in ant gardens it does not seem to be a true ant-garden taxon (i.e., one that is able to initiate ant gardens or is restricted to ant gardens) and is more likely to be a secondary resident or opportunistic ant-garden nester (but see Campbell et al., 2022; Menzel & Blüthgen, 2010).

Association with Other Organisms

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  • This species is a host for the fungus Ophiocordyceps formicarum (a parasitoid) (Quevillon, 2018) (encounter mode primary; direct transmission; transmission outside nest).
  • This species is a host for the fungus Ophiocordyceps unilateralis (a parasitoid) (Quevillon, 2018) (encounter mode primary; direct transmission; transmission outside nest).


. Owned by Museum of Comparative Zoology.

Images from AntWeb

Camponotus rufifemur casent0905438 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus rufifemur casent0905438 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus rufifemur casent0905438 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus rufifemur casent0905438 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Camponotus rufifemurWorker. Specimen code casent0905438. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MSNG, Genoa, Italy.
Camponotus rufifemur casent0906960 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus rufifemur casent0906960 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus rufifemur casent0906960 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus rufifemur casent0906960 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0906960. Photographer Michele Esposito, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.
Camponotus rufifemur casent0906961 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus rufifemur casent0906961 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus rufifemur casent0906961 l 1 high.jpgCamponotus rufifemur casent0906961 h 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0906961. Photographer Michele Esposito, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rufifemur. Camponotus rufifemur Emery, 1900d: 705 (s.q.) INDONESIA (Sumatra: Mentawei Is).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmotarsus): Forel, 1912i: 92.
    • Status as species: Forel, 1907e: 19; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 109; Emery, 1925b: 135; Santschi, 1932b: 19; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 240; Bolton, 1995b: 121; Jaitrong & Nabhitabhata, 2005: 15; Pfeiffer, et al. 2011: 38; Bharti, Guénard, et al. 2016: 25.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus obscurus.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bluthgen N., D. Mezger, and K.E. Linsenmair. 2006. Ant-hemipteran trophobioses in a Bornean rainforest- diversity, specificity and monopolisation. Insectes Sociaux 53: 194-203.
  • CSIRO Collection
  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Emery, C.. "Formiche raccolte da Elio Modigliani in Sumatra, Engano e Mentawei." Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) (2) 20, no. 40 (1900): 661-722.
  • Forel A. 1907. Formiciden aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg. II. Teil. Neueingänge seit 1900. Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hambg. 24: 1-20.
  • Hashimoto Y., Y. Morimoto, E. S. Widodo, and M. Mohamed. 2006. Vertical distribution pattern of ants in a Bornean tropical rainforest (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 47(3): 697- 710.
  • Jaitrong W., and T. Ting-Nga. 2005. Ant fauna of Peninsular Botanical Garden (Khao Chong), Trang Province, Southern Thailand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The Thailand Natural History Museum Journal 1(2): 137-147.
  • Pfeiffer M.; Mezger, D.; Hosoishi, S.; Bakhtiar, E. Y.; Kohout, R. J. 2011. The Formicidae of Borneo (Insecta: Hymenoptera): a preliminary species list. Asian Myrmecology 4:9-58
  • Santschi F. 1932. Résultats scientifiques du voyage aux Indes orientales néerlandaises de LL. AA. RR. le Prince et la Princesse Léopold de Belgique. Hymenoptera. Formicidae. Mémoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique. (2)4: 11-29.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1919. The ants of Borneo. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 63:43-147.
  • Widodo E.S., M. Mohamed, and Y. Hashimoto. 2001. Canopy ant diversity assessment in the fragmented rainforest of Sabah, East Malaysia. Nature and Human activities 6: 13-23.
  • Wriedt J., D. Mezger, L. Chong, and M. Pfeiffer. 2008. Observations on the foraging behaviour of Myrmicaria brunnea subcarinata (Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a tropical rainforest in Sarawak (Malaysia). Asian Myrmecology 2: 109-120.
  • Zryanin V. A. 2011. An eco-faunistic review of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). In: Structure and functions of soil communities of a monsoon tropical forest (Cat Tien National Park, southern Vietnam) / A.V. Tiunov (Editor). – M.: KMK Scientific Press. 2011. 277 р.101-124.