Camponotus rufipes

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Camponotus rufipes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. rufipes
Binomial name
Camponotus rufipes
(Fabricius, 1775)

Camponotus rufipes casent0173444 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus rufipes casent0173444 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

De Oliveira et al. (2015), studying ant occupancy of Cecropia trees in southwest Bahia, Brazil, found two colonies of Camponotus rufipes opportunistically nesting in Cecropia pachystachya trees while Fagundes et al. (2010) found it nesting in bamboo.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Sanz-Veiga et al. (2017) - This species was observed visiting the extrafloral nectaries of Tocoyena formosa plants occurring in a southeastern Brazilian cerrado study-site.

Chemical Ecology

LeBrun et al. (2015) found a behaviour, first noted and resulting from interactions between Solenopsis invicta and Nylanderia fulva, that detoxifies fire ant venom is expressed widely across ants in the subfamily Formicinae. This behavior was also studied and shown in experiments with C. rufipes. See the biology section of the N. fulva page for a description of acidopore grooming and the use of formic acid for detoxification of a specific class of venoms that are produced by ants that may interact with formicines in the context of predation and food competition.

Fungi

This species is a host for the fungus Ophiocordyceps camponoti-rufipedis (a pathogen) in Brazil (Andersen et al., 2012; Araujo et al., 2018; Evans et al., 2011; Loreto et al., 2014; Shrestha et al., 2017).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rufipes. Formica rufipes Fabricius, 1775: 391 (s.) BRAZIL (no state data, “Habitat in Brasilia”).
    • Smith, F. 1858b: 44 (w.q.); Mayr, 1862: 663 (q.m.); Goni, et al. 1983: 366 (k.); Mariano, et al. 2001: 268 (k.).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862: 663;
    • combination in C. (Myrmothrix): Forel, 1912i: 91.
    • Status as species: Fabricius, 1782: 488; Fabricius, 1787: 307; Gmelin, 1790: 2797; Christ, 1791: 506; Olivier, 1792: 491; Fabricius, 1793: 350; Latreille, 1802c: 110; Fabricius, 1804: 398; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 215; Smith, F. 1858b: 43 (redescription); Roger, 1861b: 164; Mayr, 1862: 663 (redescription); Mayr, 1863: 401; Roger, 1863b: 4; Mayr, 1865: 33; Emery, 1878a: ix (in list); Forel, 1879a: 77; Emery, 1888c: 364; Emery, 1890a: 70; Dalla Torre, 1893: 250; Emery, 1894e: 2; von Jhering, 1894: 372; Forel, 1895b: 104; Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Emery, 1896h: 626; Forel, 1902b: 171; Forel, 1905b: 160; Emery, 1906c: 187; Forel, 1906d: 249; Forel, 1907e: 10; Forel, 1908c: 402; Forel, 1911c: 310; Bruch, 1914: 230; Mann, 1916: 476; Santschi, 1916e: 397; Luederwaldt, 1918: 51; Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 5; Emery, 1925b: 109; Borgmeier, 1927c: 150; Eidmann, 1936b: 95; Wheeler, W.M. 1942: 257; Kusnezov, 1952d: 220; Kusnezov, 1953b: 339; Kempf, 1972a: 62; Hashmi, 1973: 52 (redescription); Zolessi, et al. 1988: 6; Brandão, 1991: 334; Bolton, 1995b: 121; Wild, 2007b: 28; Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 113; Mackay & Mackay, 2019: 767.
    • Senior synonym of alpina: Hashmi, 1973: 52; Brandão, 1991: 334; Bolton, 1995b: 121.
    • Senior synonym of cajurensis: Hashmi, 1973: 52; Brandão, 1991: 334; Bolton, 1995b: 121.
    • Senior synonym of herrichi: Roger, 1861b: 164; Mayr, 1863: 401; Roger, 1863b: 4; Mayr, 1865: 33; Dalla Torre, 1893: 250; Forel, 1895b: 104; Emery, 1896d: 372; Emery, 1925b: 109; Hashmi, 1973: 52; Brandão, 1991: 334; Bolton, 1995b: 121.
    • Senior synonym of magnifica: Hashmi, 1973: 52; Brandão, 1991: 334; Bolton, 1995b: 121.
    • Senior synonym of merdicola: Dalla Torre, 1893: 250; Forel, 1895b: 104; Emery, 1925b: 109; Hashmi, 1973: 52; Bolton, 1995b: 121.
    • Senior synonym of subrufescens: Hashmi, 1973: 52; Brandão, 1991: 334; Bolton, 1995b: 121.
  • alpina. Camponotus rufipes var. alpina Emery, 1906c: 187 (w.) ARGENTINA (Salta).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmothrix): Bruch, 1914: 230.
    • Subspecies of rufipes: Bruch, 1914: 230; Emery, 1925b: 109; Santschi, 1929d: 314 (in key); Kusnezov, 1952d: 220; Kempf, 1972a: 62.
    • Junior synonym of rufipes: Hashmi, 1973: 52; Brandão, 1991: 334; Bolton, 1995b: 85.
  • cajurensis. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) rufipes forma cajurensis Luederwaldt, 1918: 53 (w.) BRAZIL (São Paulo).
    • [Also described as new by Luederwaldt, 1920: 14.]
    • Subspecies of rufipes: Emery, 1925b: 109; Borgmeier, 1927c: 150; Santschi, 1929d: 314 (in key); Kusnezov, 1952d: 220; Kempf, 1972a: 62.
    • Junior synonym of rufipes: Hashmi, 1973: 52; Brandão, 1991: 334; Bolton, 1995b: 90.
  • herrichi. Formica herrichi Mayr, 1853b: 113 (w.) TURKEY, BRAZIL (no state data).
    • Junior synonym of rufipes: Roger, 1861b: 164; Mayr, 1863: 401; Roger, 1863b: 4; Mayr, 1865: 33; Dalla Torre, 1893: 250; Forel, 1895b: 104; Emery, 1896d: 372; Emery, 1925b: 109; Hashmi, 1973: 52; Brandão, 1991: 334; Bolton, 1995b: 103.
  • magnifica. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) rufipes var. magnifica Forel, 1913l: 249 (s.w.) ARGENTINA (Córdoba).
    • Santschi, 1916e: 397 (q.).
    • Subspecies of rufipes: Bruch, 1914: 230; Santschi, 1916b: 513; Santschi, 1916e: 397; Bruch, 1921: 209; Emery, 1925b: 109; Santschi, 1929d: 314 (in key); Kusnezov, 1952d: 220; Kempf, 1972a: 62.
    • Junior synonym of rufipes: Hashmi, 1973: 52; Brandão, 1991: 334; Bolton, 1995b: 110.
  • merdicola. Formica merdicola Lund, 1831a: 129 (w.) BRAZIL (Minas Gerais).
    • Status as species: Lund, 1831b: 103.
    • Junior synonym of rufipes: Dalla Torre, 1893: 250; Forel, 1895b: 104; Emery, 1925b: 109; Hashmi, 1973: 52; Bolton, 1995b: 111.
  • subrufescens. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) rufipes var. subrufescens Santschi, 1929d: 314 (w.m.) BRAZIL (Paraná, Minas Gerais).
    • Subspecies of rufipes: Santschi, 1929d: 314 (in key); Kusnezov, 1952d: 220; Kempf, 1972a: 62.
    • Junior synonym of rufipes: Hashmi, 1973: 52; Brandão, 1991: 334; Bolton, 1995b: 125.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 20, 2n = 39; 40, karyotype = 2SM+2ST+36A; 3M+36A; 4M+36A (Brazil; Uruguay) (Aguiar et al., 2016; Goni et al., 1983; Mariano et al., 2001) (Lorite and Palomeque 2010 states the presence of heteromorphic chromosome in 2n=39).

References

  • Aguiar HJACd, Barros LAC, Alves DR, Mariano CdSF, Delabie JHC, Pompolo SdG (2017) Cytogenetic studies on populations of Camponotus rufipes (Fabricius, 1775) and Camponotus renggeri Emery, 1894 (Formicidae: Formicinae). PLoS ONE 12(5): e0177702 (DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0177702).
  • Andersen, S.B., Ferrari, M., Evans, H.C., Elliot, S.L., Boomsma, J.J., Hughes, D.P. 2012. Disease dynamics in a specialized parasite of ant societies. PLoS ONE 7(5): e36352 (DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0036352).
  • Andersen, S.B., Hughes, D. 2012. Host specificity of parasite manipulation - Zombie ant death location in Thailand vs. Brazil. Communicative & Integrative Biology 5: 163–165 (DOI 10.4161/cib.18712).
  • Araújo, J.P.M., Evans, H.C., Kepler, R., Hughes, D.P. 2018. Zombie-ant fungi across continents: 15 new species and new combinations within Ophiocordyceps. I. Myrmecophilous hirsutelloid species. Studies in Mycology 90: 119–160 (DOI 10.1016/j.simyco.2017.12.002).
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  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 250, Senior synonym of merdicola)
  • de Oliveira, G. V., M. M. Correa, I. M. A. Goes, A. F. P. Machado, R. J. de Sa-Neto, and J. H. C. Delabie. 2015. Interactions between Cecropia (Urticaceae) and ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) along a longitudinal east-west transect in the Brazilian Northeast. Annales De La Societe Entomologique De France. 51:153-160. doi:10.1080/00379271.2015.1061231
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  • Fabricius, J. C. 1775. Systema entomologiae, sistens insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus. Flensburgi et Lipsiae [= Flensburg and Leipzig]: Korte, 832 pp. (page 391, soldier described)
  • Fagundes, R., Terra, G., Ribeiro, S.R., Majer, J.D. 2010. O bambu Merostachys fischeriana (Bambusoideae: Bambuseae) como habitat para formigas de floresta tropical montana. Neotropical Entomology 39(6):906-911.
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  • Goñi, B.; Zolessi, L. C. de; Imai, H. T. 1984 [1983]. Karyotypes of thirteen ant species from Uruguay (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Caryologia 36: 363-371 (page 366, karyotype described)
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  • Mariano, C. S. F., Pompolo, S.G., Delabie, J.H.C.; Campos, L.A.O. 2001. Estudos cariotípicos de algumas espécies neotropicais de Camponotus Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 45: 267-274 (page 268, karyotype described)
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 663, queen, male described, Combination in Camponotus)
  • Roger, J. 1861b. Myrmicologische Nachlese. Berl. Entomol. Z. 5: 163-174 (page 164, Senior synonym of herrichi)
  • Ronque, M.U.V., Azevedo-Silva, M., Mori, G.M., Souza, A.P., Oliveira, P.S. 2016. Three ways to distinguish species: using behavioural, ecological, and molecular data to tell apart two closely related ants, Camponotus renggeri and Camponotus rufipes (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 176, 170–181.
  • Sanz-Veiga, P. A., L. R. Jorge, S. Benitez-Vieyra, and F. W. Amorim. 2017. Pericarpial nectary-visiting ants do not provide fruit protection against pre-dispersal seed predators regardless of ant species composition and resource availability. PLoS ONE. 12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0188445
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References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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