Camponotus sericeiventris

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Camponotus sericeiventris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. sericeiventris
Binomial name
Camponotus sericeiventris
(Guérin-Méneville, 1838)

Camponotus sericeiventris casent0173450 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus sericeiventris casent0173450 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

This species was found in pitfall-trap samples from a semideciduous mesophytic forest. The study (Lange et al. 2015) examined the ant community within a patch (11.2 hectares) of forest in an urban park (Araguari, Brazil).


Photo Gallery

  • Foraging worker from the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Photo by Tom Murray.
  • Camponotus near sericeiventris worker from Yucatan.
  • Major worker, Costa Rica. Photo by Phil Hönle.
  • Major worker, Costa Rica. Photo by Phil Hönle.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Mimicry Complex

Hespenheide (1984) has published on a weevil mimicry complex:

Abstract: Three new species of neotropical Zygopinae are described: Cylindrocopturinus hainesi from Mexico, Copturus mimeticus from Brasil, and Copturus paschalis from Costa Rica. The first two appear to mimic ants of the genus Zacryptocerus and the last one mimics the ant Camponotus sericeiventris. Relationships of Cylindrocopturinus are discussed, and a brief summary given of other beetle mimetic of Camponotus sericeiventris.

Fungi

This species is a host for the fungus Ophiocordyceps unilaterialis (a pathogen) (Shrestha et al., 2017).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • sericeiventris. Formica sericeiventris Guérin-Méneville, 1838: 205 (w.) BRAZIL (Rio de Janeiro).
    • Mayr, 1862: 667 (q.); Mariano, et al. 2001: 272 (k.).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862: 667;
    • combination in C. (Myrmolophus): Emery, 1920b: 256;
    • combination in C. (Myrmepomis): Forel, 1912i: 92; Emery, 1925b: 171.
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1858b: 46; Smith, F. 1862b: 29; Mayr, 1862: 667; Mayr, 1863: 401; Roger, 1863b: 5; Mayr, 1865: 36; Mayr, 1870a: 376 (in key); Emery, 1878a: ix (in list); Forel, 1879a: 108; Forel, 1885a: 347; Forel, 1886a: 217; Emery, 1888c: 364; Dalla Torre, 1893: 251; von Jhering, 1894: 372; Forel, 1895b: 104; Emery, 1896d: 377 (in list); Forel, 1899c: 155; Forel, 1899d: 274; Forel, 1904b: 381; Forel, 1906d: 249; Wheeler, W.M. 1907a: 277; Forel, 1907e: 13; Forel, 1908c: 415; Forel, 1911c: 310; Santschi, 1912e: 534; Santschi, 1913h: 43; Bruch, 1914: 230; Mann, 1916: 481; Santschi, 1916e: 399; Luederwaldt, 1918: 51; Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 5; Emery, 1925b: 171; Borgmeier, 1927c: 160; Menozzi, 1927c: 268; Wheeler, W.M. 1931c: 91 (redescription); Eidmann, 1936b: 98; Stitz, 1937: 135; Kusnezov, 1952d: 223; Kempf, 1972a: 48; Zolessi, et al. 1988: 6; Brandão, 1991: 332; Bolton, 1995b: 123; Wild, 2007b: 28; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012: 256; Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 113; Mackay & Mackay, 2019: 767.
    • Synonym of cuneata: Smith, F. 1858b: 46; Mayr, 1863: 401; Roger, 1863b: 5; Mayr, 1865: 36; Dalla Torre, 1893: 251; Forel, 1895b: 104; Emery, 1896d: 377; Forel, 1899c: 155; Santschi, 1913h: 43; Emery, 1925b: 171; Borgmeier, 1927c: 161; Wheeler, W.M. 1931c: 86 (footnote).
    • [Note: all the synonymising authors above give sericeiventris as the senior synonym, but cuneata properly had priority. Authors before Dalla Torre, 1893, gave no publication date for sericeiventris, but Dalla Torre incorrectly dated it as 1830, and this incorrect date was copied by all the later synonymising authors listed. Kempf, 1972a: 48, was the first to provide the correct publication date for sericeiventris (1838), by which time cuneata had become a nomen oblitum.]
    • Synonym of cuneata (nomen oblitum): Kempf, 1972a: 48; Bolton, 1995b: 123.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus holmgreni, otoquensis, pontifex, rex, satrapus.
  • cuneata. Formica cuneata Perty, 1833: 134, pl. 27, fig. 1 (w.) BRAZIL (no state data, “Habitat in Brasilia australi”). Nomen oblitum.
    • Synonym of sericeiventris: Smith, F. 1858b: 46; Mayr, 1863: 401; Roger, 1863b: 5; Mayr, 1865: 36; Dalla Torre, 1893: 251; Forel, 1895b: 104; Emery, 1896d: 377; Forel, 1899c: 155; Santschi, 1913h: 43; Emery, 1925b: 171; Borgmeier, 1927c: 161; Wheeler, W.M. 1931c: 86 (footnote).
    • [Note: all the synonymising authors above give sericeiventris as the senior synonym, but cuneata properly had priority. Authors before Dalla Torre, 1893, gave no publication date for sericeiventris, but Dalla Torre incorrectly dated it as 1830, and this incorrect date was copied by all the later synonymising authors listed. Kempf, 1972a: 48, was the first to provide the correct publication date for sericeiventris (1838), by which time cuneata had become a nomen oblitum.]
    • Nomen oblitum, synonym of sericeiventris: Kempf, 1972a: 48; Bolton, 1995b: 123.

Type Material

Wheeler 1931 - Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, type-locality (Thayer Exped.; J. C. Bradley; C. O. Loven)

Taxonomic Notes

Bolton (unpublished): All the synonymising authors give sericeiventris as the senior synonym, but cuneata properly had priority. Authors before Dalla Torre, 1893, gave no publication date for sericeiventris, but Dalla Torre incorrectly dated it as 1830, and this incorrect date was copied by all the later synonymising authors. Kempf, 1972a: 48, was the first to provide the correct publication date for sericeiventris (1838), by which time cuneata had become a nomen oblitum.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Wheeler 1931 - maxima Length 15-16.5 mm.; head 5-5.7 mm. long; 4.5-5.2 mm. wide; hind tibia 5.6 mm.

Head with rather straight sides, without swollen cheeks; subopaque except the sides and gular surface which are reddish and shining, but covered with minute punctures; antennal funiculi dark brown. Spines of pronotum rather sharp, longer than broad. Superior border of petiole sharp, entire and broadly rounded, angulate on the sides. Appressed pubescence not very abundant and not completely concealing the integument on the head, meso—and epinotum, petiole and sides of pronotum; denser on the gaster where it strongly converges at the posterior borders of the segments. Hairs rather long, black, often with white tips; posterior borders of gastric segments with whitish or yellowish hairs.

Workers major, media and minor Length 7-13 mm.

Resembling the maxima, except in the smaller head and longer and more acute pronotal spines.

Queen

Wheeler 1931 - Length 17-19 mm.; hind tibia 5 mm.; fore wing 17 mm.

Head smaller and narrower than in the worker maxima, with narrower posterior corners and less convex sides, nearly as broad in front as behind. Color and sculpture similar, but in some specimens the anterior half as well as the sides is red. Pronotal spines reduced to two small teeth. Mesonotum and scutellum smooth and shining, often reddish, the former as broad as long. Epinotum with short, rounded base and long sloping declivity. Petiolar border notched in the middle, its angulate corners more pronounced and acuminate than in the workers. Pubescence and pilosity similar, short on head and thorax, absent on anterior portion of pronotum and on the scutellum. Wings distinctly brownish, with brown veins bordered wilth darker brown.

Karyotype

  • 2n = 40, karyotype = 4M+36A (Brazil) (Mariano et al., 2001).

References

  • Emery, C. 1920b. Le genre Camponotus Mayr. Nouvel essai de la subdivision en sous-genres. Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 8: 229-260 (page 256, Combination in C. (Myrmolophus))
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 171, Combination in C. (Myrmepomis))
  • Forel, A. 1912j. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 20: 59-92 (page 92, Combination in C. (Myrmepomis))
  • Guérin-Méneville, F. E. 1838. Première division. Crustacés, arachnides et insectes. In: Duperrey, L. I. (ed.) Voyage autour du monde, executé par ordre du Roi, sur la corvette de sa Majesté, La Coquille, pendant les années 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825. Zool (page 205, worker described)
  • Hespenheide, H.A. 1984. New Neotropical species of putative ant-mimicking weevils (Curculionidae: Zygopinae). Coleopterists Bulletin 38: 313-321.
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  • Mariano, C. S. F., Pompolo, S.G., Delabie, J.H.C.; Campos, L.A.O. 2001. Estudos cariotípicos de algumas espécies neotropicais de Camponotus Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 45: 267-274 (page 272, karyotype described)
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 667, queen described)
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 667, Combination in Camponotus)
  • Shrestha B, Tanaka E, Hyun MW, Han JG, Kim CS, Jo JW, Han SK, Oh J, Sung JM, Sung GH. 2017. Mycosphere Essay 19. Cordyceps species parasitizing hymenopteran and hemipteran insects. Mycosphere 8(9): 1424–1442 (DOI 10.5943/mycosphere/8/9/8).
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 46, Senior synonym of cuneata)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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