Camponotus thoracicus

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Camponotus thoracicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. thoracicus
Binomial name
Camponotus thoracicus
(Fabricius, 1804)

Camponotus thoracicus casent0910249 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus thoracicus casent0910249 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.
Palaearctic Region: Algeria (type locality), Iran, Kuwait, Oman, Turkey.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • thoracicus. Formica thoracica Fabricius, 1804: 397 (q.) (no state data, “Habitat in Barbaria”, = North African coast from Morocco to Libya).
    • [Unresolved junior primary homonym of Formica thoracica Olivier, 1792: 503 (Emery, 1921a: 25; Bolton, 1995b: 127).]
    • Emery, 1908a: 193 (s.w.m.).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 2;
    • combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Forel, 1913d: 434;
    • combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 99.
    • Junior synonym of maculatus: Roger, 1862c: 285; Mayr, 1863: 400; Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1865: 27; Gerstäcker, 1871: 355; Arnold, 1922: 621.
    • Subspecies of maculatus: Forel, 1906c: 189; Forel, 1907a: 30; Forel, 1907e: 16; Emery, 1908a: 193; Forel, 1910a: 13; Karavaiev, 1910b: 9; Santschi, 1910f: 234; Karavaiev, 1911: 11; Forel, 1911d: 359; Karavaiev, 1912a: 21; Forel, 1913d: 434; Forel, 1914d: 250; Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1916: 173; Stitz, 1917: 351; Crawley, 1920b: 178; Arnold, 1922: 630; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 959; Viehmeyer, 1923: 93; Karavaiev, 1926e: 189.
    • Subspecies of compressus: Emery, 1920c: 6; Santschi, 1921a: 116; Santschi, 1921d: 73; Emery, 1924a: 8; Emery, 1925b: 99; Santschi, 1925g: 356; Menozzi, 1927e: 117; Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 114; Menozzi, 1927g: 380; Santschi, 1929g: 165; Menozzi, 1932e: 453; Menozzi, 1933b: 80; Finzi, 1936: 189; Santschi, 1939d: 78; Menozzi, 1940: 271; Finzi, 1940: 163; Donisthorpe, 1942a: 32; Donisthorpe, 1950e: 1067; Hamann & Klemm, 1967: 418.
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1858b: 31; Emery, 1920b: 256; Pisarski, 1971a: 674; Bernard, 1971: 9; Dlussky & Zabelin, 1985: 236; Collingwood, 1985: 283; Bolton, 1995b: 127; Cagniant, 1996b: 99; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 374; Mohamed, Zalat, et al. 2001: 44; Cagniant, 2006a: 194; Paknia, et al. 2008: 153; Collingwood, et al. 2011: 451; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 8; Karaman, C. & Aktaç, 2013: 53 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 43; Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, 2014: 138.
    • Senior synonym of dichrous: Emery, 1908a: 193; Emery, 1925b: 99; Bolton, 1995b: 127.
    • [Note: if synonymy confirmed then dichrous is the first available replacement name.]
  • dichrous. Camponotus sylvaticus var. dichrous André, 1882a: 145.
    • [First available use of Camponotus sylvaticus subsp. maculatus var. dichrous Forel, 1879a: 65 (w.) ALGERIA; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • Forel, 1886e: clxi (m.); Forel, 1890a: lxv (q.); Bingham, 1903: 356 (s.).
    • Subspecies of sylvaticus: Forel, 1886e: clxi.
    • Subspecies of rubripes: Forel, 1890a: lxv.
    • Subspecies of maculatus: Emery, 1891b: 19; Forel, 1892j: 243; Forel, 1893b: 432; Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 228, 241 (footnote); Forel, 1894d: 41; Emery, 1894j: 9; Emery, 1896d: 371 (in list); Emery, 1898a: 225; Emery, 1898c: 149; Forel, 1902a: 158; Forel, 1904b: 379; Ruzsky, 1905b: 199.
    • Subspecies of barbaricus: Cagniant, 1970c: 30.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 228; Bingham, 1903: 356; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 253; Karmaly & Narendran, 2006: 63 (error).
    • [Note: the entries in Bingham, and in Karmaly & Narendran, from India, are probably misidentifications.]
    • Junior synonym of maculatus: Forel, 1886f: 143.
    • Junior synonym of thoracicus: Emery, 1908a: 193; Emery, 1925b: 99; Bolton, 1995b: 96.
    • [Note: if synonymy confirmed then dichrous is the first available replacement name for Formica thoracica Fabricius, 1804: 397, unresolved junior primary homonym of Formica thoracica Olivier, 1792: 503.]

Description

References

  • Arnold, G. 1922. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part V. Myrmicinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 579-674 (page 630, Subspecies of maculatus)
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  • Emery, C. 1908a. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 165-205 (page 193, soldier, worker, male described, Senior synonym of dichrous)
  • Emery, C. 1920b. Le genre Camponotus Mayr. Nouvel essai de la subdivision en sous-genres. Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 8: 229-260 (page 256, Revived status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1920d. Studi sui Camponotus. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 52: 3-48 (page 6, Subspecies of compressus)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 99, Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))
  • Fabricius, J. C. 1804. Systema Piezatorum secundum ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Brunswick: C. Reichard, xiv + 15-439 + 30 pp. (page 397, queen described)
  • Forel, A. 1906c. Fourmis d'Asie mineure et de la Dobrudscha récoltées par M. le Dr. Oscar Vogt et Mme Cécile Vogt, Dr. méd. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 50: 187-190 (page 189, Revived from synonymy as subspecies of maculatus)
  • Forel, A. 1913d. Fourmis de la faune méditerranéenne récoltées par MM. U. et J. Sahlberg. Rev. Suisse Zool. 21: 427-438 (page 434, Combination in C. (Myrmoturba))
  • Karaman, C.; Aktaç, N. 2013. Descriptions of four new species of Camponotus Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a key for the worker caste of the Camponotus of Turkey. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 86(1):36-56.
  • Karavaiev, V. 1926e. Beiträge zur Ameisenfauna des Kaukasus, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über andere palaearktische Formen. (Schluss). Konowia 5: 187-199 (page 189, Subspecies of maculatus)
  • Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. (page 27, Junior synonym of maculatus)
  • Pisarski, B. 1971a. Nouvelles espèces de fourmis (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) du sous-genre Tanaemyrmex Ashm. d'Iraq. Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Sér. Biol. 19: 671-675 (page 674, Revived status as species)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 2, Combination in Camponotus, Junior synonym of maculatus)
  • Santschi, F. 1921d. Formicides nouveaux de l'Afrique du Nord. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 12: 68-77 (page 73, Subspecies of compressus)
  • Santschi, F. 1929g. Note additionnelle aux fourmis du Sahara central récoltées par la Mission du Hoggar (février-mars 1928). Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 20: 164-166 (page 165, Subspecies of compressus)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1927g. The ants of the Canary Islands. Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci. 62: 93-120 (page 114, Subspecies of compressus)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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  • Cagniant, H.. "Deuxième liste de fourmis d'Algérie, récoltées principalement en forêt (Deuxième partie)." Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse 106 (1970): 28-40.
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