Camponotus variegatus

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Camponotus variegatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. variegatus
Binomial name
Camponotus variegatus
(Smith, F., 1858)

Camponotus variegatus casent0103245 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus variegatus casent0103245 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels



Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Hawaii, Micronesia (Federated States of).
Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India.
Palaearctic Region: China, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


The phylogeography of a group of Pacific Island Camponotus species, which included a number of species groups, was broadly examined by Clouse et al. (2015). They found Camponotus variegatus was most closely related to the North American species Camponotus maculatus tortuganus (now a junior synonym of Camponotus inaequalis). Also, these species are part of a clade that is primarily a large Neotropical lineage.

Clouse et al 2015 S6 .jpg



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • variegatus. Formica variegata Smith, F. 1858b: 19 (w.q.) SRI LANKA. Imai et al. 1984: 9 (k.). Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862: 656; in C. (Myrmoturba): Forel, 1913k: 125; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 95. Subspecies of sylvaticus: Mayr, 1880: 21; of maculatus: Forel, 1886f: 149. Revived status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 256; Santschi, 1920h: 173; Emery, 1920c: 7. Senior synonym of hawaiensis: Wilson & Taylor, 1967: 95. Current subspecies: nominal plus ambonensis, bacchus, batta, cleon, comottoi, crassinodis, dulcis, flavotestaceus, fuscithorax, infuscus, intrans, proles, somnificus, stenonotus.
  • hawaiensis. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) variegatus subsp. hawaiensis Emery, 1920c: 7 (w.q.m.) HAWAII. [First available use of Camponotus maculatus r. mitis var. hawaiensis Forel, 1899a: 122; unavailable name.] Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 96. Junior synonym of variegatus: Wilson & Taylor, 1967: 95.



  • 2n = 26, karyotype = 20M+6A (India) (Imai et al., 1984).


  • Clouse, R. M. 2007. The Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Micronesia. Micronesica. 39(2): 171–296.
  • Clouse, R. M., M. Janda, B. Blanchard, P. Sharma, B. D. Hoffmann, A. N. Andersen, J. E. Czekanski-Moir, P. Krushelnycky, C. Rabeling, E. O. Wilson, E. P. Economo, E. M. Sarnat, D. M. General, G. D. Alpert, and W. C. Wheeler. 2015. Molecular phylogeny of Indo-Pacific carpenter ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae, Camponotus) reveals waves of dispersal and colonization from diverse source areas. Cladistics. 31:424-437. doi:10.1111/cla.12099
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 256, Revived status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1920d. Studi sui Camponotus. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 52: 3-48 (page 7, Revived status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 95, Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))
  • Forel, A. 1886h. Études myrmécologiques en 1886. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 30: 131-215 (page 149, Variety of maculatus)
  • Forel, A. 1913l. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise nach Ostindien ausgeführt im Auftrage der Kgl. Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin von H. v. Buttel-Reepen. II. Ameisen aus Sumatra, Java, Malacca und Ceylon. Gesammelt von Her (page 125, Combination in C. (Myrmoturba))
  • Imai, H. T.; Baroni Urbani, C.; Kubota, M.; Sharma, G. P.; Narasimhanna, M. H.; Das, B. C.; 1984. Karyological survey of Indian ants. Jpn. J. Genet. 59: 1-32 (page 9, karyotype described)
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 656, Combination in Camponotus)
  • Mayr, G. 1880. Die Ameisen Turkestan's, gesammelt von A. Fedtschenko. Tijdschr. Entomol. 23: 17-40 (page 21, Variety of sylvaticus)
  • Santschi, F. 1920h. Fourmis d'Indo-Chine. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 60: 158-176 (page 173, Revived status as species)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 19, worker, queen described)
  • Wilson, E. O.; Taylor, R. W. 1967b. The ants of Polynesia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pac. Insects Monogr. 14: 1-109 (page 95, Senior synonym of hawaiensis)