Cardiocondyla stambuloffii

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Cardiocondyla stambuloffii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Cardiocondyla
Species: C. stambuloffii
Binomial name
Cardiocondyla stambuloffii
Forel, 1892

Cardiocondyla stambuloffii casent0901756 p 1 high.jpg

Cardiocondyla stambuloffii casent0901756 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran on parkland soil and plant in a Caspian moist littoral area.

Identification

A member of the Cardiocondyla stambuloffii group.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Armenia, Bulgaria (type locality), China, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Turkey, Ukraine.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • stambuloffii. Cardiocondyla stambuloffii Forel, 1892i: 310, pl. 5, fig. 1 (w.q. ergatoid m.) BULGARIA.
    • [Cardiocondyla stambuloffii Forel, 1892h: 460 (in text). Nomen nudum.]
    • [Misspelled as stambulovi by Ruzsky, 1905b: 628, and others; misspelled as stambulowi by Arnol’di, 1928a: 132; misspelled as strambuloffii by Karavaiev, 1936: 277.]
    • Kugler, J. 1984: 8 (ergatoid m.).
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 71; Ruzsky, 1903b: 314; Ruzsky, 1905b: 628; Emery, 1909a: 23; Emery, 1922e: 126; Karavaiev, 1927a: 288; Karavaiev, 1929b: 210; Karavaiev, 1931a: 315; Karavaiev, 1934: 115; Bernard, 1956c: 302 (in key); Pisarski, 1962a: 331; Pisarski, 1967: 388; Pisarski, 1969b: 297; Pisarski, 1970: 308; Tarbinsky, 1976: 72; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (in key); Pisarski & Krzysztofiak, 1981: 156; Kugler, J. 1984: 8; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 56; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 276 (in key); Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 174; Bolton, 1995b: 133; Radchenko, 1995b: 450; Collingwood & Heatwole, 2000: 8; Karaman, M.G. & Karaman, 2003: 42; Seifert, 2003a: 262 (redescription); Markó, Sipos, et al. 2006: 69; Petrov, 2006: 99 (in key); Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 138; Paknia, et al. 2008: 153; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 27; Legakis, 2011: 16; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 485; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 41; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 18; Borowiec, L. 2014: 49; Lebas, et al. 2016: 266; Radchenko, 2016: 237; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 44.
    • Senior synonym of bogdanovi: Seifert, 2003a: 262; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 138; Radchenko, 2016: 237.
    • Senior synonym of montandoni: Pisarski, 1962a: 332; Arnol’di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 133; Radchenko, 1995b: 450; Seifert, 2003a: 262; Radchenko, 2016: 237.
    • Senior synonym of taurica: Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 133; Radchenko, 1995b: 450; Seifert, 2003a: 262; Radchenko, 2016: 237.
  • bogdanovi. Cardiocondyla bogdanovi Ruzsky, 1905b: 630, figs. 155, 157, 158 (w.q.) TURKEY.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1909a: 25; Emery, 1922e: 125; Bernard, 1956c: 302 (in key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 56; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 276 (in key); Arakelian, 1994: 42; Bolton, 1995b: 132; Radchenko, 1995b: 450; Petrov, 2006: 99 (in key) (error).
    • Junior synonym of stambuloffii: Seifert, 2003a: 262; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 138; Radchenko, 2016: 237.
  • montandoni. Cardiocondyla montandoni Santschi, 1912g: 657, figs. 1, 3 (w.) ROMANIA.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1922e: 126; Bernard, 1956c: 302 (in key).
    • Junior synonym of stambuloffii: Pisarski, 1962a: 332; Arnol’di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (in key) ; Bolton, 1995b: 132; Radchenko, 1995b: 450; Seifert, 2003a: 262; Radchenko, 2016: 237.
  • taurica. Cardiocondyla stambuloffi subsp. taurica Karavaiev, 1927a: 288, fig. 2 (w.) RUSSIA (Crimea).
    • Subspecies of stambuloffii: Karavaiev, 1929b: 210; Karavaiev, 1931a: 315; Arnol'di, 1933b: 599 (in key); Karavaiev, 1934: 115 (redescription); Karavaiev, 1935b: 108; Karavaiev, 1936: 277.
    • Junior synonym of stambuloffii: Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 133; Radchenko, 1995b: 450; Seifert, 2003a: 262; Radchenko, 2016: 237.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Seifert (2003) - Head relatively short, CL/CW 1.157. Postocular distance large, PoOc 0.444. Scape relatively short, SL/CS 0.783. Eye small, EYE 0.225. Frons broad, FRS/CS 0.325. Occipital region with reduced sculpture, shining. Vertex strongly longitudinally rugulose; interspaces between carinulae shining, with small flat tubercles of 7 - 10 mm diameter around bases of pubescence hairs. Foveolae or reticular structures on vertex completely lacking; occasionally (as in type of Cardiocondyla taurica) semireticular structures present on paramedian area of vertex. Frontal laminae and clypeus longitudinally carinulate. At least pronotum, but usually whole dorsal area of mesosoma glabrous. Lateral area of mesosoma in overall impression shining, meso- and metapleurae longitudinally rugulose-carinulate. Propodeal spines reduced to blunt dents. Petiole very narrow, less than half as wide as postpetiole (PEW/PPW 0.485), much higher than wide. Petiole node with small and very shining dorsal surface that is almost circular in dorsal view. Postpetiole in dorsal aspect with concavity in anterior margin, nearly twice as wide as long, ratio PPW/PPL in 21 measured specimens 1.806 ± 0.065 [1.666, 1.919]; postpetiolar sternite flat, with very weak anteromedian bulb. Whole body concolorous brown, dark brown, or blackish brown.

Queen

Seifert (2003) - Much larger than worker, CS 676 ± 5. Head short, CL/CW 1.145. Postocular index very large, PoOc/CL 0.464. Postocular head significantly wider than preocular head. Occipital margin straight. Frontal carinae immediately caudal of FRS level diverging. Mesosoma very massive, MW 542 ± 5. Occipital region shining, rather smooth except for small punctures around hair bases. Vertex longitudinally rugulose; interspaces between carinulae shining, with small punctures of 8 - 10 mm diameter around bases of pubescence hairs (at magnifications above 400 x, these punctures appear usually as flat tubercles). Foveolae or reticular structures on vertex completely lacking. Frontal laminae and clypeus strongly longitudinally carinulate. Pronotum shining, rather smooth except for punctures at hair bases and weak transverse rugulae. Mesonotum shining, with small punctures of 10 - 11 mm diameter at hair bases, anterior part more smooth, posterior part with shallow longitudinal carinulae. Praescutellum with similar punctures. Scutellum longitudinally carinulate. Lateral area of propodeaum, mesopleuron and metapleuron more strongly, anepisternite more weakly longitudinally rugulose. Propodeal spines reduced to blunt dents. Petiole very high; dorsal plane glabrous, ending in a caudal corner. Postpetiole more than twice as wide as long, PPW/CS 0.866, almost twice as wide as petiole; postpetiolar sternite with a strong anteromedian process. Pubescence on first gaster tergite sub decumbent (30°) and extremely dense, sqrtPDG 2.72. Whole body more or less concolorous medium to dark brown, mesosoma sclerites occasionally with lighter patches.

Type Material

Seifert (2003) - Bulgaria [types investigated].

3 syntype workers and 3 syntype gynes labelled “C. stambuloffii Forel, type, 17 VIII, Anchialo (Bulgarien)”, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève; 1 gyne, 3 worker syntypes labelled “Anchialo, 17 VIII”, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna; 2 syntype workers labelled “Anchialo 17 VIII, type stambuloffii”, Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel; 1 syntype gyne labelled “Bulgarien. Anchialo.” and “Cardiocondyla stambuloffii FOL”, Berlin Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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  • Bernard F. 1956. Révision des fourmis paléarctiques du genre Cardiocondyla Emery. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 47: 299-306.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
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