Carebara arabara

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Carebara arabara
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Carebara
Species: C. arabara
Binomial name
Carebara arabara
Fernández, 2010

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Specimen Labels


Specimens were collected from the stomach of Dendrobates frogs in both Brazil and Peru.


A member of the Carebara escherichi species complex.

Fernández (2004) - This species is easily separated from any other by the near absence of long hairs, with only a very few on the body. The tiny and sparsed foveae of the head, and the finely striated promesonotum also clearly distinguish C. striata.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 11.13333333° to -2.517°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil, Colombia (type locality), Peru, Trinidad and Tobago.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • striata. Carebara striata Fernández, 2004a: 228, figs. 8H-F, 11 (w.) COLOMBIA, BRAZIL (Pará), PERU, TRINIDAD.
    • Type-material: holotype worker, 15+ paratype workers.
    • Type-locality: holotype Colombia: Magdalena, 3 km. SE Minca, 11°08’N, 74°06’W, 105 m., 13.viii.1985. no. 747-s (J. Longino); paratypes: 4 workers with same data, 7 workers Brazil: Pará, Belém, Utinga Forest Pres., 1968, in stomach of frog Dendrobates quinquevittatus (P.A. Silvestre), 2 workers Pará, Alter do Chao, 2°30’S, 54°57’W, 30.iv.2002 (J.M. Vilhena), 2 workers Peru: Lima, San Martin, Achinamiza, in stomach of frog Dendrobates quinquevittatus (H. Bassler), worker(s) Trinidad: Tumpuna Reserve, 9.viii.1976 (J. Noyes).
    • Type-depositories: LACM (holotype); BMNH, IAVH, ICNB, LACM, MCZC, MIZA, MZSP, PSWC, USNM (paratypes).
    • [Junior secondary homonym of Oligomyrmex striatus Xu, 2003: 314.]
    • Status as species: Fernández, 2006: 99 (in key); Fernández & Serna, 2019: 822 (error).
    • Replacement name: Carebara arabara Fernández, 2010: 202.
  • arabara. Carebara arabara Fernández, 2010: 202.
    • Replacement name for Carebara striata Fernández, 2004a: 228. [Junior secondary homonym of Oligomyrmex striatus Xu, 2003: 314.]
    • Status as species: Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 115.
    • Distribution: Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Trinidad.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Holotype (Paratypes n=2): HW 0.31 (0.29-0.31); HL 0.38 (0.35-0.36); SL 0.19 (0.18); PW 0.20 (0.21); WL 0.29 (0.29-0.30); GL 0.38 (0.32-0.38); TL 1.26 (1.20-1.30); CI 82 (83-86); SI 60 (61-62).

As Carebara inca with the following differences:

A longitudinal and less narrow stripe, subopaque. Eyes reduced to 1 ommatidium; lamellae of metapleural lobes low; dorsum of head densely sculptured with very small, shallow foveolate punctures, broadly separated; dorsum of promesonotum with dense, fine longitudinal striation mixed with scattered small punctures, sloping face of propodeum densely reticulated. Scapes, dorsum of head, promesonotum and legs with appressed to feebly curved pubescence, denser on head. Body nearly naked of long hairs, with only a few (about 0.05 mm) distributed as follows: four in the clypeal area; two on each frontal lobe; four on promesonotum, none on propodeum, none on legs; two on petiole, two on the postpetiole, two on first tergal dorsum. Body brown, appendages lighter.

Type Material

Holotype worker. COLOMBIA. Magdalena: 3 km SE Minca, 11°08’N 74°06W, 105 m, 13 Ago 1985, J. Longino No. 747-S, deposited in Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History.

Paratypes. 4 workers, same data as type; BRAZIL. Pará: 7 workers, Belém, Utinga Forest Pres, 1968, in frog stomach of Dendrobates quinquevittatus. P. A. Silvestre; 2 workers, Alter do chao, 2°30’s 54°57’W 30 Apr 2002, J. M. Vilhena leg. PERU. Lima: San Martín, 2 workers, Achinamiza, in frog stomach of Dendrobates quinquevittatus, H. Bassler. TRINIDAD. Tumpuna Reserve, 9 Ago 1976, J. Noyes, leg., deposited in The Natural History Museum, Humboldt Institute, Insect Collection, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Instituto de Zoologia Agricola, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Philip S. Ward Collection and National Museum of Natural History.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Achury R., and A.V. Suarez. 2017. Richness and composition of ground-dwelling ants in tropical rainforest and surrounding landscapes in the Colombian Inter-Andean valley. Neotropical Entomology
  • Bezdeckova K., P. Bedecka, and I. Machar. 2015. A checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Peru. Zootaxa 4020 (1): 101–133.
  • Fernández F. 2004. The American species of the myrmicine ant genus Carebara Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Caldasia 26: 191-238.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Pires de Prado L., R. M. Feitosa, S. Pinzon Triana, J. A. Munoz Gutierrez, G. X. Rousseau, R. Alves Silva, G. M. Siqueira, C. L. Caldas dos Santos, F. Veras Silva, T. Sanches Ranzani da Silva, A. Casadei-Ferreira, R. Rosa da Silva, and J. Andrade-Silva. 2019. An overview of the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the state of Maranhao, Brazil. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 59: e20195938.
  • Ulyssea M. A., C. R. F. Brandao. 2013. Catalogue of Dacetini and Solenopsidini ant type specimens (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil. Papies Avulsos de Zoologia 53(14): 187-209.
  • Vasconcelos H. L., J. M. S. Vilhena, W. E. Magnusson, and A. L. K. M. Albernaz. 2006. Long-term effects of forest fragmentation on Amazonian ant communities. Journal of Biogeography 33: 1348-1356.
  • Vasconcelos, H.L., J.M.S. Vilhena, W.E. Magnusson and A.L.K.M. Albernaz. 2006. Long-term effects of forest fragmentation on Amazonian ant communities. Journal of Biogeography 33:1348-1356